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In ‘Humanities Approaches to Graphical Display’, Drucker famously says that ‘data’ are not things given, but things captured and transformed. Visualization is a creative act. We are far too invested in ‘seeing’. But researchers have recently found out that humans are better equipped to make sense of data patterns audibly than graphically in two dimensions. Moving huge datasets from computers and sonifying them would be far more understandable. Because when you hear music, nuances like certain bad notes stand out, which help in spotting anomalies. Oxford dictionary defines sonification as – ‘The use of non-speech sound to convey quantifiable information or represent data, typically as the output from an electronic device; the conversion of data into sound for this purpose.’ For a technique to be called sonification, it has to meet certain conditions like reproducibility and intelligibility. Reproducibility is when different researchers get same results using the same datasets and the same methods of transformation. Intelligibility is when the original data’s objective elements are systematically reflected in the resulting sound. Rather than a visual presentation, sonification will help achieve a more intuitive understanding of the scientific data. Technical data like stock price fluctuations, seismographic data and the likes can be listened to.  

Testing the Theory

Enhancing overall comprehension using sonification is what is being tested by a team involved in a project. The team built a 129-loudspeaker array which has been installed in Virginia Tech’s space lab in a giant immersive cube. Containing one of the biggest multichannel audio systems in the world, this cube processes sound in a special 360-degree three-dimensional format. The test subjects being used in this lab are earth’s upper atmosphere datasets with each portion of data being converted to a unique sound. Variations in the audio pieces are introduced by adjusting pitch, volume and amplitude accordingly. The Cube’s 129 speakers represent each section of the globe’s atmosphere. The arrangement is such that, similar to a hemisphere, audio is projected in a half dome like pattern. The team wanders the cube while simultaneously operating on an interface which lets them review the audio files by rewinding, slowing down and so on. This interface, in turn, captures the study user data which is later analyzed. According to an article, Virginia Tech’s team mentions, “Users experience spatial sound, which means they can hear everything around them. Sounds are actually placed in specific spots in the room.” In an article on the university’s website, Ivica Ico Bukvic – professor of music composition and multimedia in the Virginia Tech’s College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences, states that it perfectly makes sense to go beyond the general 2-D graphical information models and invent methods for other creative visualization forms.  

Other Works in This Field

An astrophysicist at the South African Astronomical Observatory in Cape Town, Wanda Diaz Merced lost her vision due to which she had to discontinue her work. She collaborated with programmers to find a way to listen to data, which led her to make a discovery about high energy stellar explosions. She found the presence of electromagnetic waves produced during energy exchange between particles. No one until then had discovered this fact just by looking at graphs. ‘Microbial Bebop’, an invention of Peter Larsen – a biologist, converts different locations’’ data of microbial diversity to dramatically changing music. It blooms to represent a microbial abundance of any particular species.

In ‘Humanities Approaches to Graphical Display’, Drucker famously says that ‘data’ are not things given, but things captured and transformed. Visualization is a creative act. We are far too invested in ‘seeing’. But researchers have recently found out that humans are better equipped to make sense of data patterns audibly than graphically in two dimensions. Moving huge datasets from computers and sonifying them would be far more understandable. Because when you hear music, nuances like certain bad notes stand out, which help in spotting anomalies. Oxford dictionary defines sonification as – ‘The use of non-speech sound to convey quantifiable information or represent data, typically as the output from an electronic device; the conversion of data into sound for this purpose.’ For a technique to be called sonification, it has to meet certain conditions like reproducibility and intelligibility. Reproducibility is when different researchers get same results using the same datasets and the same methods of transformation. Intelligibility is when the original data’s objective elements are systematically reflected in the resulting sound. Rather than a visual presentation, sonification will help achieve a more intuitive understanding of the scientific data. Technical data like stock price fluctuations, seismographic data and the likes can be listened to.Enhancing overall comprehension using sonification is what is being tested by a team involved in a project. The team built a 129-loudspeaker array which has been installed in Virginia Tech’s space lab in a giant immersive cube. Containing one of the biggest multichannel audio systems in the world, this cube processes sound in a special 360-degree three-dimensional format. The test subjects being used in this lab are earth’s upper atmosphere datasets with each portion of data being converted to a unique sound. Variations in the audio pieces are introduced by adjusting pitch, volume and amplitude accordingly. The Cube’s 129 speakers represent each section of the globe’s atmosphere. The arrangement is such that, similar to a hemisphere, audio is projected in a half dome like pattern. The team wanders the cube while simultaneously operating on an interface which lets them review the audio files by rewinding, slowing down and so on. This interface, in turn, captures the study user data which is later analyzed. According to an article, Virginia Tech’s team mentions, “Users experience spatial sound, which means they can hear everything around them. Sounds are actually placed in specific spots in the room.” In an article on the university’s website, Ivica Ico Bukvic – professor of music composition and multimedia in the Virginia Tech’s College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences, states that it perfectly makes sense to go beyond the general 2-D graphical information models and invent methods for other creative visualization chúng tôi astrophysicist at the South African Astronomical Observatory in Cape Town, Wanda Diaz Merced lost her vision due to which she had to discontinue her work. She collaborated with programmers to find a way to listen to data, which led her to make a discovery about high energy stellar explosions. She found the presence of electromagnetic waves produced during energy exchange between particles. No one until then had discovered this fact just by looking at graphs. ‘Microbial Bebop’, an invention of Peter Larsen – a biologist, converts different locations’’ data of microbial diversity to dramatically changing music. It blooms to represent a microbial abundance of any particular species. Humans respond to music and young children should be encouraged to think of science not only just something that is seen but also something that can be heard. Because much like our sight, hearing is also primed to pick up minute changes.

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Turning Change Management Into Personal Development

Change can be both intimidating and beneficial, but by applying change management, you can reap the benefits of such shifts. Being able to manage change successfully can encourage employees’ self-discovery and personal development. Companies can help facilitate this skill through change management. When implemented correctly, employees become open to change, and companies can use it to encourage business leaders and their employees to collaborate on company goals. Here’s how to utilize change management to fuel such personal development. [Read how employee monitoring software can benefit your remote and in-office teams.]

What is change management?

Change management includes the systematic methods and manners in which a company creates and establishes change both internally and externally, including its processes, technology and goals. This is completed by preparing and supporting employees and monitoring various activities to ensure successful implementation. Significant organizational change can be a bit challenging, and it often requires cooperation on several levels and involves many people within the business. 

Changes in corporations sometimes fail because organizational leaders don’t address the healthy, real and predictable reactions of employees, who experience a sudden disruption of their routines. By incorporating a supportive environment in which employees can embrace and adopt changes little by little through change management, businesses are more likely to thrive. 

To implement change management, the business must define the change, implement the change in stages, collect/analyze data and modify the plan as needed, and return to the implementation step. If any employee resists the change, there are ways to navigate the situation. The reason for change can be established by explaining why a new way is necessary. Then the company can shape the vision, mobilize commitment and finish the job. [Read how to set employee performance goals.]

How can change management fuel personal development?

For any change to be successful, an organization must manage any alterations made. Traditional approaches often ignore the stress and anxiety change can cause. Organizational leaders must pinpoint what their employees might need as these changes are made; this will help them grow and reach their goals. Always prioritize people above processes. 

Regardless of role, change impacts everyone in an organization. For some, the idea of change can be intimidating. For others, however, change could positively affect them by motivating them toward personal development. Change is personal, and it is important for organizations to develop a nurturing environment in which employees are encouraged to embrace change. 

To help create leaders, employers should adopt change management strategies that help employees to conquer their fear of new things and see change as an opportunity for professional and personal development. For people to overcome their fears, they need clarity on their goals and what changes they will need to make to achieve them. Change management plans should target helping people see the benefits of the change and not focus on the negative aspects. Self-development is largely about understanding strengths and weaknesses, as well as emotions. The process of change through self-development includes trial and error, as mistakes and failures are part of the journey toward self-improvement. 

To motivate someone toward change, you need to know all about them: the way they think, what motivates them and what they want. Once you can understand a person’s perspective, it’ll be easier to offer them more personalized solutions. It can be difficult to start, but when leaders facilitate an atmosphere in which employees can share their feelings, it helps drive the organization to the desired change.

Bottom Line

Make sure organizational leaders are assisting affected employees at every step of the change process.

What are the dos and don’ts of change management and personal development? Do make personal changes.

The best way to handle change at work is to change yourself. Change does not mean that you wear different clothes or reconfigure your workplace. You change yourself by putting the focus on the present. This type of change focuses on personal development that helps you redefine yourself and the way you connect to work. The goal for you during change is to let go of your reactions and instead put your energy toward the things you can control. The focus is on developing yourself while working through the challenge of doing something new.

Don’t compromise your own values and beliefs.

The goal of behaviors in personal development is not to give up your identity or beliefs during the change, but to find beneficial ways to integrate yourself into the new environment. The more you practice this behavior shift, the better chance you have of finding peace within the new work environment. It is valid not to like the way something has changed. Your personal development comes from moving from disappointment or frustration to behaviors that support you within the new reality.

Choose a few words to describe who you want to be as a person, such as helpful, efficient or friendly. These words help you focus on yourself in the change. Use them as motivational words to maintain your behavior during change. When you are challenged by changes, keep these chosen behaviors aligned with your thoughts, words and actions. A disconnection between thoughts, words and actions can affect your authenticity.

FYI

It is important not to compromise your identity for organizational change. Instead, work on finding beneficial ways to involve yourself in the change.

Do challenge yourself.

One important element you control includes your behavior. Behavior encompasses the management of thoughts, words and actions. The way you think about work can take energy, especially in a place of change. Instead of thinking in terms of wrong or bad, try to become objective in the way you handle change at work. Challenge yourself to think, talk and act in a way that supports who you want to be as a person.

Even with challenges in change, you can keep a personal focus that allows you to maintain a constant level of professionalism. For example, if the company moves from customer service practices that accept ratings of 8 out of 10 instead of 9 out of 10 on customer satisfaction surveys because the change doesn’t impact the bottom line, you can find ways to maintain the level of your customer service within the context of the company. A friendly tone and helpful attitude can go a long way toward customer satisfaction despite the new policy. Managing behavior in this way becomes a useful skill to achieve, especially during times of change.

Don’t focus on the negatives.

Don’t focus on what is wrong with the change; focus on how you can present yourself in this new environment. Rethink the idea that the change will not be the best way to do the work. You can address your discomfort by looking for new ways to think, speak and act about the change. 

Do identify new skills you’d like to develop.

Developing new skills can also give you an edge in the changing landscape of business. Take some time to evaluate the skills you currently have and find ways to integrate them into the new way of doing business. You can also determine if there are other skills that you should obtain to build on your current collection. Use this time of change to grow your skill set. Personal development helps you use change as an opportunity to enhance your business portfolio and keep the focus on how you connect to the organization.

Don’t stop looking for ways to learn.

You can also take time to learn new information and trends. Vanessa King, a psychology expert at Action for Happiness, identified learning as a core need for psychological well-being. Education can help you build confidence, become more cohesive in the way you approach situations and connect with others. King suggests that human beings have an inherent desire to seek mastery. Learning can also fuel creativity, allowing you to find connections between seemingly unrelated situations or relationships. Education can lead to personal development. The more you study a given topic, the better able you are to expand the way you do business. For example, if you are concerned about corporate culture in an organization, reading about culture can help you find new ways to support corporate culture. Learning more information makes you better prepared to deal with events.

Do be a calming force.

When you remain steady with your behavior and show individuals around you that you are calm, even in the face of change, you demonstrate the strength of commitment to personal development in the face of challenges. Advancing your knowledge helps you explore new ways of working and find connections that could help make you and other people in the workplace successful. The constant in any change can be you.

Tip

Emotions may run high among affected employees. As a leader, it is important to keep emotions in check and ensure that any problems or issues can be resolved in a professional manner.

Don’t be resistant to change.

There is a pattern for what we perceive as normal and comfortable. When that pattern disappears, your brain feels lost and responds by trying to recover that feeling of safety. The rules and relationships that defined your work and the company for many years may have been replaced with a different set of rules and relationships. Some people may respond by vehemently resisting change. Others may silently curse the change and try to create a negative atmosphere. Getting another job is yet another alternative. When you focus on professional development during times of change, you build resilience within yourself so that you are prepared for any changes that come your way.

Additional reporting by Lynette Reed.

Google Reportedly Turning Youtube Into A Shopping Site

A report from Bloomberg indicates Google is in the early stages of transforming YouTube into a shopping site.

This would enable consumers to directly purchase items they see in product review videos, unboxing videos, tutorials, and so on.

YouTube is already a shopping destination of sorts, as 55% of consumers use videos to make purchase decisions.

However, when consumers decide to purchase a product after watching a video, they have to go to another site to place the order.

Google wants to make it so users can directly buy the products they see in videos without leaving YouTube.

Bloomberg reports Google is already making moves to turn this plan into a reality by gathering information about products featured in videos.

To collect this information, YouTube creators are being asked to tag and track products shown in their clips.

A YouTube spokesperson confirms to Bloomberg that product tagging features are being tested with a limited number of channels.

According to the spokesperson, creators will have control over which products are tagged in their videos.

It’s noted that the YouTube spokesperson referred to this project as an “experiment.”

Google is also in the process of testing an integration with Shopify to sell products through YouTube.

Bloomberg credits “people familiar with the situation” with providing the information.

It’s not clear how Google will make money from this endeavour. Presumably Google will make a percentage off of each transaction.

There’s no mention in the report of whether there’s a financial incentive for creators to tag the products in their videos.

On one hand, this can open up another revenue stream for YouTubers if they make a commission when viewers buy tagged products.

On the other hand, it could compromise the authenticity of creators’ content if they’re suddenly making money from products they feature.

Hopefully YouTube finds a solution that benefits creators while also not swaying the direction of their content.

YouTube + Shopping = An Ideal Match?

This is not the first time Google has tried to integrate shopping features into YouTube.

Last year, YouTube partnered with Merchbar to sell official YouTuber merchandise underneath videos.

This offered a way for YouTube creators to promote their merchandise, but transactions still had to be completed on Merchbar’s site.

Also last year, Google rolled out Shopping Actions in YouTube. This feature assists viewers with buying products shown in videos, but it’s still necessary to visit another site to complete the transaction.

To date, Google has not offered a way for consumers to buy products directly on YouTube. Although there are many signs indicating that’s the direction the company is headed in.

“When you think about things like unboxing and product reviews, those are a natural home for transactions as well.”

We’ll see how natural a fit this ends up being. Perhaps this feature could make an appearance in time for holiday shopping?

How To Remove Music, Pictures And Videos From “This Pc”

As a Windows 11 or Windows 10 user, you may have noticed that the File Explorer or “This PC” has some pre-existing folders like “Music“, “Pictures“, and “Videos” in the left pane. These folders can take up valuable space in the File Explorer, and if you don’t use them often, it can be annoying to see them every time you open File Explorer or This PC. Fortunately, depending on the situation, there are a few ways to remove them from the left pane of the File Explorer.

Also see: How to Disable Recent Files and Frequent Folders in Windows 11

We have created several .reg (registry) files that you can use to remove the Music, Pictures, or Videos folder individually from “This PC” on Windows 11 and Windows 10 64-bit. Once you run the registry files, the folder will be removed from both the left pane and the right pane of “This PC”. Below is a detailed step-by-step guide that explains how to use our registry hack to remove the folder from This PC.

Before we begin, please note that making changes to your computer’s registry can be risky if you are not familiar with it. It is recommended to back up your registry or create a restore point before making any changes to avoid any potential issues.

Download our “Remove Music, Pictures and Videos from This PC” registry hack.

Extract the zip file.

Run the registry hack for the folder you want to remove. For example, if you want to remove the Music folder from This PC, run the “Remove Music from File Explorer.reg” file.

Reopen or refresh File Explorer or This PC. The Music folder should be removed.

If you want to remove other folders such as Pictures or Videos, run the respective .reg files to remove them.

Suggested read: How to Preview Files, Images and Videos in File Explorer on Windows 11

If you change your mind and want to restore the folders to the left pane in “This PC,” you can find the restore .reg files in the zip file you downloaded. Simply run those files to restore the folder to This PC. For example, if you’ve removed the Music folder from This PC using the registry hack, you can run the “Restore Music to File Explorer.reg” file to restore the Music folder back to This PC.

If you want to remove all folders from the left pane in This PC or File Explorer on Windows 11 or Windows 10, follow these steps:

Scroll down and uncheck the “Show all folders” option.

For example, if you want to remove the “Documents” folder from being listed under Quick access on the left pane in This PC, follow the steps below.

Open File Explorer or This PC.

Select Unpin from Quick access.

This will remove the folder from Quick access, which means it will no longer appear under Quick access in the left pane of This PC or File Explorer.

Removing the Music, Pictures, and Videos folders from the left pane in “This PC” can help you to personalize your File Explorer or This PC according to your preferences. By using the registry hack that we have provided, you can easily remove specific folders from the left pane.

Cellular Data For Apps Keeps Turning Off On Iphone, Fix

Several users have reported that they are having problems enabling cellular data for apps. Some users have said they turn on cellular data for apps but then cellular data keeps turning off itself.

Are you experiencing this problem too? Then this article is for you. This can be an important problem. To explain more, you turn on cellular data for apps but this is not respected by the iOS system. This will prevent you from using your apps because these apps will fail to connect to mobile data or access cellular data. For example, if the affected app was Apple Maps, you will not be able to use it when you need it. This is because they will stop functioning unless there is a Wi-Fi connection available.

See also: How To Reduce Your Data Usage On iPhone

Please try the steps below:

Restart

Restart your iPhone. This may fix your problem. Here is how you can do this:

iPhone X, 11 or later: Press and hold the volume (up or down) and the side buttons together until you see the power off slider. Then drag the slider. Wait one minute. Then press and hold the side button until the Apple logo appears.

Other iPhone models: Press and hold the side or top button until you see the power off slider. Then drag the slider. Wait one minute. Then press and hold the side or top button until you see the Apple logo.

Carrier settings update

There may be a carrier settings update. If there is an update, update your carrier settings. This is a small update from Apple and your carrier. This is an easy process. Here is how:

If there is an update available, you will see a popup message saying “new settings are available”.

Tap Update.

See this article if you see the “cellular update failed” message.

Force restart your iPhone

Here is how you can force restart your iPhone:

iPhone 8, X and later: Press and release the volume up button, then press and release the volume down button and then press and hold the side button until you see the Apple logo.

iPhone 7: Press and hold the volume down and side (sleep/wake) buttons together until you see the Apple logo.

Other iPhone models: Press and hold the side (sleep/wake) and the Home buttons together until the Apple logo appears.

Update your iPhone

There may be a bug with your current iOS software causing this cellular data problem. Updating your iPhone may resolve your problem. Here is how you update your iPhone.

There are two ways to do this:

You can also update using your computer. Connect your iPhone to your computer. Open Finder (if your computer is running macOS Catalina or later) or iTunes (if your computer is running an earlier version of the macOS software or if this is a Windows PC).

Then locate your device and follow the onscreen instructions.

Reset network settings

Reset your network settings. Doing so will erase your networking settings. For example, you will need to reenter your Wi-Fi passwords, etc. Here is how:

Are you still having this problem. Then you may want to contact Apple support.

How To Convert Columns Of An R Data Frame Into Rows?

If the row values are incorrectly recorded into columns then we might want to convert the columns into rows. Thus, to convert columns of an R data frame into rows we can use transpose function t. For example, if we have a data frame df with five columns and five rows then we can convert the columns of the df into rows by using as.data.frame(t(df)).

Example

 Live Demo

set.seed(4) x1<-rnorm(5,10,2) x2<-letters[1:5] x3<-1:5 df1<-data.frame(x1,x2,x3) df1 Output       x1    x2 x3 1 10.433510 a  1 2 8.915015  b  2 3 11.782289 c  3 4 11.191961 d  4 5 13.271236 e  5

Converting columns of df1 to rows −

Example df1_new<-as.data.frame(t(df1)) df1_new Output        V1        V2       V3       V4       V5 x1 10.433510 8.915015 11.782289 11.191961 13.271236 x2      a         b       c         d        e x3      1         2       3         4        5 Example

 Live Demo

a<-sample(0:1,20,replace=TRUE) b<-sample(0:5,20,replace=TRUE) c<-sample(1:10,20,replace=TRUE) d<-sample(6:10,20,replace=TRUE) df2<-data.frame(a,b,c,d) df2 Output    a b c d 1  0 3 5 10 2  1 4 9 10 3  1 4 2  9 4  1 5 10 7 5  1 4 4  6 6  1 0 8  6 7  1 5 10 9 8  0 2 2  6 9  1 5 10 9 10 0 4 6  9 11 0 3 10 9 12 0 0 6 10 13 0 3 1 10 14 0 5 4  7 15 1 2 2 10 16 1 4 4 10 17 0 3 3  8 18 0 3 1  7 19 1 5 7  9 20 1 5 7  7

Converting columns of df2 to rows −

Example df2_new<-as.data.frame(t(df2)) df2_new Output   V1 V2 V3 V4 V5 V6 V7 V8 V9 V10 V11 V12 V13 V14 V15 V16 V17 V18 V19 V20 a 0   1 1   1 1   1  1  0 1    0   0   0  0   0    1   1   0   0   1 1 b 3   4 4   5 4   0  5  2 5    4   3   0  3   5    2   4   3   3   5 5 c 5   9 2   10 4  8  10 2 10   6   10  6  1   4    2   4   3   1   7 7 d 10  10 9  7  6  6  9  6 9    9   9  10  10  7   10  10   8   7   9 7 Example

 Live Demo

y1<-LETTERS[1:20] y2<-letters[1:20] y3<-sample(LETTERS[1:4],20,replace=TRUE) df3<-data.frame(y1,y2,y3) df3 Output  y1 y2 y3 1  A a A 2  B b A 3  C c D 4  D d C 5  E e C 6  F f B 7  G g A 8  H h C 9  I i B 10 J j A 11 K k A 12 L l C 13 M m C 14 N n A 15 O o A 16 P p C 17 Q q D 18 R r D 19 S s D 20 T t D

Converting columns of df3 to rows −

Example df3_new<-as.data.frame(t(df3)) df3_new Output   V1 V2 V3 V4 V5 V6 V7 V8 V9 V10 V11 V12 V13 V14 V15 V16 V17 V18 V19 V20 y1 A B   C D   E F   G  H I   J   K   L    M   N   O   P  Q    R  S   T y2 a b   c d   e f   g  h i   j   k   l    m   n   o   p  q    r  s   t y3 A A   D C   C B   A  C B   A   A   C    C   A   A   C  D    D  D   D Example

 Live Demo

z1<-rpois(20,10) z2<-rpois(20,5) z3<-rpois(20,8) z4<-rpois(20,4) df4<-data.frame(z1,z2,z3,z4) df4 Output    z1 z2 z3 z4 1  10 11 13 2 2  8  3   9 2 3  6  4  10 3 4 16  6  10 4 5  9  7   5 8 6  4  5   5 3 7  7  4   3 2 8  8  2   9 3 9  12 6   9 4 10 15 7   9 3 11 8  5  10 2 12 20 4   6 4 13  5 4  10 8 14 10 2  8  1 15 20 5  9  3 16  5 5  8  5 17 13 5   8 6 18 7 1   14 3 19 12 2   9 6 20 9 8    11 2

Converting columns of df4 to rows −

Example df4_new<-as.data.frame(t(df4)) df4_new Output    V1 V2 V3 V4 V5 V6 V7 V8 V9 V10 V11 V12 V13 V14 V15 V16 V17 V18 V19 V20 z1 10 8   6 16  9 4  7   8 12 15   8   20   5  10 20    5  13  7   12  9 z2 11 3   4 6   7 5  4   2 6  7    5   4    4   2  5    5  5   1   2   8 z3 13 9  10 10  5 5  3   9 9  9    10  6    10  8  9    8  8   14  9   11 z4 2 2    3 4   8 3  2   3 4  3    2   4    8   1  3    5  6   3   6    2

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