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How To Change The Router IP Address in Windows 10

Distributed denial of service (DDOS) and brute force attacks infect the entire network via a router. Therefore, to stay safe from such attacks users are recommended to change default username and password for their routers.

Hopefully, all this has been done by you, but there’s more that you can do to stay secure from online attacks.

Also Read: How to uninstall software from your Windows 10 

Change Default IP Address of your Router:

Before we proceed further, for those who don’t know what is your router’s IP address? How can you access it? Let’s learn, how to find router’s IP address in Windows 10.

How to Find the Router IP Address in Windows 10?

In that case, you can use this alternate method to find the IP address of your router on Windows 10:

4. This will open a new window with all your network properties. On this window, you can find your router’s IP address in front of the Default gateway.

Now that you have the IP Address of your router you can proceed forward and change this.

Note: You need to have your router IP Address for updating its software, change its security settings and setting up parental controls.

How to Change the IP Address of your Router in Windows 10?

Basically, to keep things as simple as possible router manufacturing companies use an elementary IP Address, similar to Now if an attacker wants to gain access to your home or office network, all he needs is username and password, as the default, IP address is what he has access to. This is when changing the router’s IP address on Windows 10 comes to play.

Steps to change the router’s IP address on Windows 10

1. Now enter the default IP address of your Router, say for an example in the browser address bar and hit the Enter key.

2. On the screen that opens type in your username and password to get into settings of the router.

4.We strictly recommend that you do not try to change first two value field of IP Address. As a change in the first and second value can arise the conflicts in the network while making a connection with the main network.

To confirm that you successfully change the router’s Ip address, enter the new IP address of your router in the browser and hit Enter. If you are able to successfully login after providing your username and password, then it confirms that you no more use the default IP Address for your router.

Guys, it may be possible that after changing the default IP Address of your router, your devices are unable to establish a connection with the Internet. However, you need not get worried as it can be easily resolved by restarting your devices.

Now since you have changed your router’s IP Address, any intruder or attacker first have to know the router IP address, before guessing the username and password.

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How To Change Domain Controller Ip Address

How to Change Domain Controller IP Address Easy methods to change the IP address of a domain controller




The domain controller authenticates a user using the data stored in the Active Directory.

Changing the IP address of a domain controller can cause issues for the administrator.

Thankfully, this guide gives you the safe method to change the IP address of the domain controller and change the system name.

Domain Controllers (DCs) are actively used for authenticating users and the devices connected to the domain.

Because of these works, they are best set up and left as is. This becomes important in terms of their hostname and network details.

Changing the IP of the domain controller may not be ever required but a time may come when you change it.

Moreover, domain controllers are assigned to a static IP address so they are reliable and discovered across the network without any issues.

While changing the IP address of the domain controller may cause certain issues for the administrator, because of its critical nature.

However, if the DC is not hosting any other roles, changing IP isn’t a big problem and can be done easily.

In this guide, we will show you exactly how you can change the IP of the domain controller safely and with no issues. Let us get right into it.

How do I find the IP address of my domain controller?

Using the above steps, you would be able to find the IP address of your domain controller. The steps may look a bit too much but it is for those who know what they are doing.

How do I change the system name and IP address from the domain control network? 1. Rename the system name 1.1. Using System Properties 1.2. Using Netdom

We have shown you two methods to change the system name, i.e. one using system properties and the other one using Netdom.

Do note that whichever method you choose, you have to update the FRS object and Update the DFS Replication member object.

4. Change the IP address of domain controller

Expert tip:

3. Write the below command and press Enter to remove any cached DNS entries created by the local DNS server: ipconfig /flushdns

4. Execute the below commands one by one and press Enter:

Net Stop DNS

Net Start DNS

Net Stop Logon

Net Start Logon

5. Now run the below command to ensure the new IP address is registered by the DNS server: ipconfig /registerdns

6. Finally, run the below command to update the Service Principal Name (SPN) records: dcdiag /fix

The Domain Controller’s IP can be easily changed via the built-in command tool known as Command Prompt or cmd. All you need to do is input a few commands in it, and the tool will do the job for you.

Is a domain controller the same as Active Directory?

We won’t give you complex terminologies as we want you to understand terms easily. An Active Directory is like a database. It stores information of users and computers as objects.

On the other hand, the domain controller is a service that runs Active Directory and uses the data stored by the AD for authentication and giving access to the user. Notably, a DC or domain controller manages the security policies of Windows NT or Windows Server.

So, the easiest way to remember the difference between Active Directory and DC is that Active Directory handles your identity and security access, on the flip side the Domain Controllers authenticate your authority.

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How To Change The Windows 10 Startup Sound

Tired of that boring sound your Windows computer makes when it boots up? There are two things you can do about updating your Windows 10 startup sound. You can either turn off the startup sound or change it to your preferred jingle. Better yet, you can take things up a notch by customizing the Windows 10 startup sound. Perhaps to your favorite song or the theme song of your favorite TV show.

Modifying the startup sound of your Windows 10 computer is very easy. However, depending on your device’s configurations, you may encounter some difficulties in the process.

Table of Contents

Not to worry, though, we’ll walk you through all the steps and troubleshooting methods involved.

Change the Windows 10 Startup Sound

Note: If you run an older operating system on your computer, refer to this guide on changing startup sound on Windows XP, Win 7, and Win 8.

Follow the steps below to change the startup sound of your Windows 10 computer.

A faster alternative is to type change system sounds in the Windows search box and select Change system sounds; it’s the first option in the results.

3. Navigate to the Sounds tab and locate Windows Logon in the Program Events section.

Note: If the Windows Logon option doesn’t exist in the Program Event box, you need to enable startup sound using the Windows Registry Editor. Refer to the (Modify Startup Sound Registry Files) section below to learn how it’s done.

4. Press the Test button to listen to your PC’s default/current startup sound. To change the startup sound to a system preset sound, tap the Sounds drop-down button.

5. Scroll through the preset startup sounds and select whichever piques your interest.

If you’d rather use a custom or third-party audio as your PC’s startup or shutdown sound, follow the steps in the next section.

How to Set a Custom Sound as Your Windows 10 Startup Sound

Using a custom or third-party song/music as your Windows Logon sound can get a little tricky and requires some extra effort. But it’s a pretty straightforward process.

Before we get into the details, there are some things you need to know.

The audio file must be located in the C:WindowsMedia folder of your computer.

The audio file must be in .wav format.

If you have an MP3 file, you can convert it to WAV format easily using a free online tool like chúng tôi We recommend that you keep the file size small, less than 1 MB if possible. 

2. Navigate to the Sounds tab and locate Windows Logon in the Program Events section.

4. Select the audio file (in WAV) you moved to the Media folder and select Open.

Modify Startup Sound Registry Files

If the registry files responsible for both the startup and shutdown sound on your computer are excluded from the Control Panel, the Windows Logon and Windows Logoff options will be missing in the Sound settings menu.

Follow the steps below to modify the Logon and Logoff registry file. But before you do so, make sure you backup your PC’s Registry.

2. Paste the directory below into the Registry Editor’s search box and press Enter on your keyboard.


That would redirect you to the path where you’ll find the registry files powering Windows 10 startup sounds.

4. Change the Value data to 0. Leave every other option as is and select OK to proceed.

If you want your computer to make a sound when you shut it down, you can also modify the registry file responsible for shutdown or logoff sound on Windows 10. Proceed to step #5 to do that. Otherwise, jump back to the previous section to change your computer’s startup sound.

5. Paste the directory below into the Registry Editor’s search box and press Enter on your keyboard.



7. If the Value data is set to 1, change it to 0 and select OK.

Windows 10 Startup Sound Not Changing? Try This 

If you’ve changed your computer’s startup sound but it still plays the default jingle, it’s most likely due to the length of the audio file. For Windows 10, the maximum length of a startup sound is between 4 – 6 seconds. 

To fix the problem, trim the audio file (in WAV format, remember) to 6 seconds and try again. If the startup sound still doesn’t change, reduce the file length to 4 seconds. You can use an online audio cutter or trimmer (like chúng tôi to trim the length of your audio file.

How To Fix “Failed To Obtain Ip Address” Error On Android

Those who have encountered the “Failed to obtain IP address” error on Android are not alone. It seems to bug users of all Android phones and software versions. We’ll tell you why you’re getting the annoying error and how to fix it.

Why am I getting the “Failed to obtain IP address” error?

The “Failed to obtain IP address” error is one of the most common Android issues. It usually shows up when accessing a Wi-Fi network, whether it is new or one you have saved on your device. This error message means the router has problems issuing an IP address to your device. As long as the issue persists, the user can’t access the internet using that Wi-Fi network.

Some users experience this error message differently. It can show up as “Obtaining IP address,” but the problem is the same, regardless.

Editor’s note: All instructions in this guide were compiled using a Google Pixel 7 running Android 13. Remember, steps may differ depending on your hardware and software.

Forget the network

You should first try to forget the network and sign into it again. The steps are simple, and sometimes this is all it takes to get rid of the “Failed to obtain IP address” discrepancy.

How to forget a network on Android:

Open the Settings app.

Select Network & internet.

Select Internet.

Find the network you can’t connect to, and tap on the Gear icon next to it.

Select Forget.

Log into the Wi-Fi network again.

Restart the phone

This is always one of the first solutions in troubleshooting guides, and for good reason. While it may seem silly, restarting your phone seems to fix most problems magically. Give it a try!

How to restart Android devices:

Simultaneously press the Power and Volume Up buttons

Tap on Restart.

Rename your Android device

We are unsure why this would help, but many users claim it can solve the issue. The process is simple, too, so it’s worth a shot.

How to rename your Android device:

Open the Settings app.

Select About phone.

Tap on Device name.

Change the name to anything you wish and select OK.

Try and reconnect to the network.

Turn Airplane mode on and off

Doing this forces the router to reconfigure your connection. It may also fix any other bugs your phone may have. Try turning Airplane mode on for a bit, then turn it back off.

How to turn on Airplane mode:

Open the Settings app.

Go into Network & internet.

Toggle on the Airplane mode option.

You can almost always find the option in your notification area tiles or quick settings.

Use WPA2-PSK encryption

Some devices don’t work very well with certain types of encryption, including AES and TKIP. Go to your router settings and switch over to WPA2-PSK. Every router works differently, so we can’t give you step-by-step instructions, but you can refer to your user guide for specific instructions.

Is the MAC filter on?

Wi-Fi administrators often use MAC addresses to whitelist or blacklist devices on their network. If your device is not on the whitelist, or is on the blacklist, it won’t connect to the internet. The solution would be to either turn your router’s MAC filter off, remove your device from the blacklist, or add it to the whitelist. Again, instructions are different for every router, so look for steps in your user guide.

Assign a static IP address

Most devices don’t need a static IP address, but certain services require it. Especially those that need to remind your IP for security reasons. When your IP address changes, you may be running into some issues, so try a static IP address to see if that fixes your network issues. You can learn more about this in our guide to changing IP addresses.

How to assign a static IP address to your Android phone:

Open the Settings app.

Select Network & internet.

Select Internet.

Tap on the Gear icon next to the network you can’t connect to.

Hit the pencil icon near the top-right corner.

Select Advanced options.

Look for IP settings and tap on the drop-down menu.

Select Static.

In the IP address, change the last number to any number between one to 225.

Hit Save and try to connect again.

Clear Google Play Services cache

Joe Hindy / Android Authority

Clearing the cache seems to be involved in every troubleshooting guide, and it’s because it involves so many things around your phone. Give it a try and see if it helps.

How to clear the cache on an Android app:

Open the Settings app.

Select Apps.

Go into See all apps.

Find and tap on Google Play Services.

Select Storage & cache.

Select Clear cache.

Try to connect to the same Wi-Fi again.

Factory data reset

If all else fails, and the problem persists for an extended time, you might want to consider doing a factory data reset on your Android phone. This will delete everything in your phone and bring it back to its factory state (software-wise). Make sure to back up any important files before proceeding.

How to perform a factory data reset on Android:

Open the Settings app.

Select System.

Tap on Reset options.

Select Erase all data (factory reset).

Tap on Erase all data.

Enter your PIN.

Confirm by tapping on Erase all data.

Let the phone do its thing until it restarts.

Set up your phone and try to connect to the network.

Are you still having issues with the dreaded “Failed to obtain IP address” error message? Maybe it’s time to dig deeper into your network and see if something more significant is causing the problem. We have a guide on common Wi-Fi problems and how to fix them. Please give it a read! You can also seek professional help from JustAnswer, an Android Authority partner.

5 Ways To Change Theme In Windows 11/10

In Windows 11 or Windows 10, a Theme may specify the accent color for apps and window frames and may include one or several desktop backgrounds, a set of sounds, mouse cursors, and desktop icons. In this post, in addition to changing the theme via the Settings app, we will show you 5 other ways to change the Theme in Windows 11/10. You can change Windows Themes via Command Prompt, PowerShell, Control Panel, Explorer, etc.

5 ways to change Theme in Windows 11/10

A theme file is a classic text file containing parameters, values and resources such as wallpapers are usually located in a subdirectory. Microsoft uses the Themepack and Deskthemepack archive (ZIP or CAB) package files that contain all the theme resources to simplify theme sharing and for their redistribution via the Microsoft Store. There are three types of themes stored in different locations in Windows 11/10 viz;

My Themes — manually created or saved, or downloaded and installed from a themepack file or Microsoft Store. These themes are saved in the %localappdata%MicrosoftWindowsThemes folder.

Windows Default Themes — pre-installed themes on your Windows OS. These themes are stored in the C:WindowsResourcesThemes folder.

High Contrast Themes — specially made for people with vision problems and are part of the Ease of Access feature. These themes can be found in the C:WindowsResourcesEase of Access Themes folder.

There are several ways to change the theme in Windows 11/10. We will discuss these methods as follows:

1] Change Theme via Desktop

The easiest method to change the theme in Windows 11/10 is via the desktop. To change the Theme via Desktop, do the following:

Select Personalise from the context menu.

2] Change Theme via File Explorer

To change Theme via File Explorer in Windows 11/10, do the following:

Press Windows key + E to open File Explorer.

Navigate to the folder below or any other folder containing the theme you want to apply


Close File Explorer.

3] Change Theme via Command Prompt

To change Theme via Command Prompt in Windows 11/10, do the following:

Press Windows key + R to invoke the Run dialog.

In the Run dialog box, type cmd and hit Enter to open Command Prompt.

In the command prompt window, type or copy and paste the path below OR the full path to the theme file you want and hit Enter:

start "" "C:WindowsResourcesThemesaero.theme"

The theme will be applied and the Personalisation page in Settings app will automatically open. you can close the Settings app. If you want the theme to be applied without you having to interact with extra windows, run the modified command as follows:

start "" "C:WindowsResourcesThemesaero.theme" & timeout /t 3 & taskkill /im "systemsettings.exe" /f

When the command executes, it will apply the theme, wait for 3 seconds with the timeout command, and forcibly close the Settings app with the taskkill app.

4] Change Theme via PowerShell

To change Theme via PowerShell in Windows 11/10, do the following:

Press Windows key + X to open Power User Menu.

Tap I on the keyboard to launch PowerShell (Windows Terminal).

In the PowerShell console, type or copy and paste the path below OR the full path to the theme file you want and hit Enter:

start-process -filepath "C:WindowsResourcesThemesaero.theme"

The theme will be applied and the Personalisation page in Settings app will automatically open. you can close the Settings app. If you want the theme to be applied without you having to interact with extra windows, run the modified command as follows:

start-process -filepath "C:WindowsResourcesThemesaero.theme"; timeout /t 3; taskkill /im "systemsettings.exe" /f 5] Change Theme via Control Panel

To change Theme via Control Panel in Windows 11/10, do the following:

Press Windows key + R to invoke the Run dialog.

In the Run dialog box, copy and paste the shell command below and hit Enter:


Exit Control Panel when done.

Tip: PC users can personalize your computing experience, and can make your system faster, and private using our Ultimate Windows Tweaker 5.

Related post: How to prevent users from changing the Theme

Does Windows 10 themes work on Windows 11? Are Windows 10 themes safe?

Themes from Microsoft are generally fine; but be cautious of any other source. Some ‘themes’ include screensavers that contain malware. Make sure your Windows 11/10 PC is running an active and updated antivirus software.

Read next: Best Free Windows 11 Themes and Skins to Download from Microsoft Store.

How To Change Or Remove The Email Notification Sound On Windows 10.

If you have recently updated Windows 10 to the latest version but don’t like the new Email notification sound, or didn’t like the original one. This article will show you how to change the email notification sound for a custom one of your choosing or remove the email notification sound entirely. The choice is yours!

Related: How to View Windows Defender Protection History on Windows 10.

Notifications and notification sounds are quite handy to have enabled on most devices, but they can become quite annoying if you get too many or just don’t like the default sound. Just like on all other devices Windows 10 allows you to change the sound of notifications, including the default sound of incoming emails.

Quick steps for changing or removing the email notification sound on Windows:

Open the Start menu and search Change system sounds.

In the new window that opens change to the Sounds tab.

Find New mail notification in the list under Program Events.

Now use the drop-down box under Sounds to select a new sound.

If you want to remove a sound, set it to None.

Note: You can customise any Windows sound using this tab so feel free to go crazy.

How do you change the new sound that Windows uses for Email Notifications? Remove email notification sound on Windows.

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