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Freeze Panes in Excel are used to fix any frame, row, or section of the table to access the data located below so that the user can also see the header’s name. There is 3 type of Freeze Panes option available in the View menu tab under the Window section, Freeze Panes, Freeze Top Row, and Freeze First Column. Freeze Panes are used to freeze the worksheet from where we keep our cursor. This freezes both the row and column both. Then to freeze a Row and a Column, we have a separate option to freeze each of them. Once we do that, we will see some portion of the worksheet will only move once we unfreeze it.
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A Frozen top row to know which parameters we are looking at during a review:
Before Freezing Top Row:
After Freezing Top Row:
This shows how the same dataset looks with a frozen row. This makes it easy to know which parameter we refer to when analyzing data beyond the first few records in the workbook.
A frozen first column to know which record we are evaluating for a particular parameter.
Before freezing the first column:
After freezing the first column:
Freezing Panes allows us to split the dataset into multiple parts to ease analysis: The worksheet gets split into different parts, which can be browsed independently. The figure above compares the dataset with and without the first column frozen. The Grey Lines in the middle of the worksheet indicate where the rows and columns have been frozen.How to Freeze Panes in Excel?
The Freeze Panes feature is not very complicated if we know the database we are working with. In the next few paragraphs, we will learn how to use the features associated with freezing panes and using them for analysis.
Here are a few examples of Freeze Panes in Excel:
You can download this Freeze Panes Excel Template here – Freeze Panes Excel TemplateFreeze Top Row – Example #1
To do this, we have to perform the following steps:
from the Excel toolbar. Select
from the view options; this will open a dropdown menu with options to select the rows or columns we want to freeze. Select
Freeze Top Row; this
will keep the active worksheet’s top row in place and allow us to browse the rest of the data without disturbing the top row.
A Tiny grey straight line will appear just below the 1st row. This means the first row is locked or frozen.Freeze First Column – Example #2
Next, we look at the next most commonly used function in the Freeze Pane feature, freezing the first column. This can be done using the following steps:
Select Freeze Panes from the view options. From the dropdown menu, select Freeze First Column, and this would freeze the first column in place, allowing us to browse the rest of the data without disturbing the first column.
A Tiny grey straight line will appear just below the 1st Column. This means the first column is locked or frozen.
These features can be used simultaneously, making it easier for us to analyze data. As we have seen in the examples, knowing the table’s basic structure helps us decide what we want to freeze.Freeze First Row and First Column – Example #3
Freeze the first row and first column.
Here is an example of the practice table with the frozen first row and first column.
This brings us to the most useful function in the freeze panes feature, freezing multiple columns and rows.
I like to use this function the most because it enables the user to freeze rows and unfreeze rows and columns based on any number of parameters depending on the structure of the worksheet’s data.
To freeze the first row and first column, we need to perform the following steps:
Select Cell B2 from the worksheet.
Now, from the view options, select Freeze Panes. From the dropdown that appears, select the first option, Freeze Panes.
These actions freeze the first row and first column in place.Freeze Multiple Columns – Example #4
We can use similar steps to freeze multiple rows and columns. The following steps illustrate this:
Select any cell above which the rows and columns have to stay in place:
Repeat steps 2 and 3 from the previous illustration to freeze all rows and columns above and left of the selected cell.
The solid grey lines indicate that the rows and columns on the top left of the sheet have been frozen. We can also choose a whole row above which we need data to stay in place or a column.
Freeze panes in Excel are an option that makes it very easy for us to compare data in large datasets. In fact, freezing panes in Excel are so useful that software providers provide additional features based entirely on freezing panes in Excel. One such example is the ability to freeze and unfreeze multiple worksheets and tables simultaneously, which many software vendors provide as a product.Things to Remember
Freeze panes in Excel are a default configuration that can freeze data to the left of the boundary column or above the boundary row, depending on what we choose as a boundary. There are add on available from various software providers to enhance these.Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to Freeze Panes in Excel. Here we discussed how to freeze panes in Excel and different methods to freeze panes in Excel, along with practical examples and a downloadable Excel template. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –
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There are a lot of video editing techniques that help capture the audience’s attention, such as transitions, the use of green screens, animations, and text. But there is a little-known technique called freeze framing that can create drama and rivet your audience to a particular frame in the video.
But what is the freeze frame effect exactly and how can you use a video editor like Clipchamp to add the effect to your video? All this coming up!
What is ‘Freeze Frame’ in video editing?
Freeze frame – the name says it all! It’s a video editing effect that lets you freeze or halt the frame of a video clip for a short period of time.
The freeze frame effect has been used in cinema a lot. From Martin Scorsese to Ridley Scott, directors have used the freeze frame technique to either break the fourth wall, add emphasis to a shot, or just introduce characters. But modern-day software and applications have leveled the playing field to a great extent. It’s possible now to use the freeze frame effect with very basic editing knowledge.
That said, not every application offers an in-built freeze frame tool that you can simply apply to your video to pause it for a set duration. The same is true for Clipchamp as well, for now at least. Nevertheless, with a simple workaround, you can still get the freeze frame effect you’re looking for.
Related: Add audio to Clipchamp: Step-by-step guide
How to freeze a frame in Clipchamp: Step-by-step guide
Here is how you can freeze a frame in Clipchamp to get the desired effect:
1. Import your video
First things first, open Clipchamp and select Create a new video.
Now, drag and drop the imported file into the timeline.
Related: Add text in Clipchamp: Step-by-step guide
2. Find and capture the frame that you want to freeze
Now, preview your video and pause at the frame that you want to freeze. Take note of the time stamp of the frame.
If you’re finding it hard to get to the frame of your choice, zoom in on the timeline for better access.
Now, since Clipchamp doesn’t have a freeze frame effect to offer of its own, we’ll have to use a workaround.
To start with, run your video file in the media player of your choice. Then pause the video right on the frame that you want to freeze. Compare the two frames (in Clipchamp and your video player) side by side to see if the right frame is selected.
Then, open Paint from the Start Menu.
In the Paint app, press Ctrl+V to paste the captured frame.
3. Crop the captured frame
Then select the crop tool.
Select the rectangle.
Crop the boundaries of the frame as closely as humanly possible and ensure that no extra black bars are present.
This is the important bit here because we want to make sure that the frame is aligned with the actual video and doesn’t have unnecessary elements that will show up when we add it to our video. You may want to zoom in to get the best possible crop.
Then select File.
And save the frame at a convenient location.
4. Import the frame to your timeline
Return to Clipchamp and select Import media.
Now, before we include this frame in our clip, we will have to first make space for it in the timeline. To do this, we’ll need to split the timeline video at the timestamp where the frozen frame will go.
Now that your video is split in two, drag the second part of the clip a little further out to the right to make space for the frozen frame image.
Then drag and drop the imported image in this space.
Check the preview to see if the frozen frame and the video are aligned. If not, go back and re-crop the image so that it aligns as well as it can and import that again.
Trim the frozen frame image to the desired duration and then join all the clips together so there are no breaks in between.
Check the preview to see if the freeze frame effect looks the way you want it to.
5. Export your video
Select your quality.
And just like that, you’ve created and exported your video with the freeze frame effect.
Let’s take a look at a few commonly asked queries about the freeze frame effect and Clipchamp.
Does Clipchamp have the freeze frame effect?
Unfortunately, Clipchamp does not have a freeze frame effect. However, there is a simple workaround to achieve the same result. Refer to the guide above to know more.
How do I freeze a frame of a video?
If the software you’re using doesn’t have a freeze frame effect, then you will have to resort to a workaround. In brief, you will have to note down the timestamp of the frame that you want to freeze, run the video in a media player, pause it at that second and screenshot it. Thereafter, crop the screenshot in a software like Paint and save it. Finally, split your video in the timeline at the timestamp, import this cropped frame to your timeline in between the clips, and connect all the clips together. The result would be a succession of your video, the frozen frame, and the rest of your video which gives the freeze-frame effect.
What is the purpose of the freeze frame effect?
The purpose of the freeze frame effect is to pause the video at a single frame for a set duration and then continue playing the video. The frozen frame works to accentuate the subject and call attention to it.
We hope you were able to freeze a frame in your video using the workaround given in this guide. Even though Clipchamp doesn’t have an in-built effect that can achieve the same, with a little bit of creativity, you can achieve the freeze frame effect for any video in Clipchamp.
Mistakes like a missing period or incorrect spelling may change the entire output. Fortunately, Microsoft Excel provides a set of built-in tools that can prove useful to detect inconsistencies. In this post, we will discuss how to find differences or discrepancies in Excel and get a clean data sheet.What does discrepancy mean in Excel?
My brand name & Co. total sales = 587
My brand name & Co total sales = 587
As you can see the period is missing in the 2nd example (Co total sales) compared to the 1st one (Co. total sales). This may look normal to you since you already know what is correct, but the computer does not consider it similar.
Likewise, discrepancies in Excel may also arise due to input errors like space after a value, uppercase or lowercase letters, duplicate entries, or inconsistent data formatting. Therefore, we have this detailed guide to explain how to find discrepancies in Excel easily.How to find discrepancies in Excel
If that doesn’t help, you can proceed with the below methods to find discrepancies in Excel.
Use Excel Filter to find differences
Find discrepancies in Excel using Conditional Formatting
Detect discrepancies using Excel Add-ins1] Use Excel Filter to find differences
Using the Filter function is one of the easiest methods to find out discrepancies in data, especially for Excel sheets with large data and spelling errors. Here we will consider an example of Class 5 test results. Under the Results column, there are two categories Pass and Fail, and some are spelled incorrectly.2] Find discrepancies in Excel using Conditional Formatting
Conditional Formatting helps you to identify and compare two or more rows or columns with each other to identify mismatched data. The quickest way to find the difference would be to highlight cells for Duplicate or Unique entries.
However, you can also use other rules like Top/Bottom rules, Data Bars, Color Scales, or Icon Sets to find discrepancies in Excel data.
You can use the IF and IS function to help you to compare cells and detect any differences. So, here, you can use the IF function to find out which cells are identical and correct (TRUE) and which cells are incorrect (FALSE).
Alternatively, you can combine IF and IS functions like ISNUMBER, ISERROR, ISBLANK, etc. to analyze the set value and return TRUE or FALSE based on the outcome.
You can also use the VLookUp function, HLookUp function, or Match function to find any discrepancies in Excel.
Read: Advanced Microsoft Excel Tips and Tricks4] Detect discrepancies using Excel Add-ins
Or, you can use the Analysis ToolPak (Excel Add-ins) to analyze and detect discrepancies in Excel data.
Read: How to manage Add-ins in Microsoft Office
Alternatively, you can also use the Excel Compare tool to compare Excel sheets and find discrepancies in the data set.How do I check data correction in Excel?
When you have an Excel sheet where other users can enter their data in a set format specified by you, that’s when you use Data Validation. This tool helps you to correct any anomalies in the data that do not follow the set guidelines or when entered in the wrong format. In this case, Excel prompts an error alert which means you need to find the differences and correct the data using the Data Validation tool.
To know more about how to apply Data Validation to Cells in Microsoft Excel, you can follow our detailed post.How do I find a mismatch in a column in Excel?
While Conditional Formatting (as explained above) can help you find mismatched data easily, the VLookUp function allows you to compare individual cells.
If using the Unique Equals Operator to compare columns in Excel, create a new Result column. Now, in the Result column, add the formula to compare individual cells. For example, =I2=J2, and it will return the result as False if the data doesn’t match. For the ones that match, the result will be True.
I hope this helps.
In this post, we are going to show you a tutorial to fix #NAME? error in Microsoft Excel. Before talking about the tutorial to correct #NAME? error, let us understand why does this error occurs in Excel.Why do I see #NAME? error in Excel?
Here are the possible reasons due to which you see a #NAME? error message in Excel:
When you have entered a wrong formula name or string or there is some typo in the formula, it returns #NAME? error message in the cells.
It indicates that something is wrong with the syntax you have used and that needs to be corrected.
If you have used a formula that refers to a name that is not defined, you will get this error message.
In case there is a colon missing in the range reference, it will return #NAME? error.
You will see a #NAME? error message if you are using some function that needs an add-in, and the add-in is disabled.
Now, how to resolve #NAME? error in Excel? Unlike some other errors in Excel, e.g., #DIV/0! error, this error can’t be fixed using any error handling function like IFERROR. Here, we are going to list some solutions to fix and correct #NAME? error.How to remove #NAME? Error in Excel
Here are the methods to correct or fix the #NAME? error in your Excel workbooks:
Use formula suggestions or Function Wizard to avoid syntax errors.
Manually check for any typo in the function and correct it.
Check if the name used in the formula is defined in Name Manager.
Ensure that the text values have quotation marks around them.
Enable the add-in required by the used function.
Let have a detailed discussion on these methods now!1] Use formula suggestions or Function Wizard to avoid syntax errors
Microsoft Excel displays a list of matching formulas as soon as you start typing the function in the function bar.
Make sure you use a formula from the suggestions rather than typing it all manually. If you type a formula manually, it increases the chances of typing errors and thus showing a #NAME? error.
You can also use the Function Wizard to avoid any syntactic errors. F2] Manually check for the typo in the function and correct it
If there are some minor typos, you can correct them manually. Just have a look at the function you have used and inspect it to see if there is a spelling error in the formula string.
If so, simply correct it and it will eliminate #Name? error. In case there is some different cause for this error, use another method from this article to fix it up.3] Check if the name used in the formula is defined in Name Manager
In case you haven’t defined a name that has a reference in your formula, it returns #Name? error. So, check and define a name using the Name Manager in Excel. You can follow the below steps to do so:
Reenter the formula with the name you just defined and you won’t see the #NAME? error now.4] Ensure that the text values have quotation marks around them
If you are using text references in the formula, you must enclose them in quotation marks. Else, you will get a #NAME? error message in the cells.
The solution is that look closely at the formula string and check if the quotation marks are added properly. If not, simply put the quotation marks around the text references. This will fix the error.5] Enable the add-in required by the used function
Some custom Excel functions need add-ins to work. For example, the EUROCONVERT function needs Euro Currency Tools add-in to work. Also, various statistical and engineering macro functions require Analysis ToolPak add-in to be enabled. So, simply enable the required add-in and it won’t return #Name? error.
Here are the steps to enable the add-in in Excel:
In the Add-ins dialog window, enable the relevant checkboxes to turn on the required add-in.
Tap on the OK button and see if the #Name? error is fixed.
That’s it! Hope this article helps you fix #NAME? error in Microsoft Excel.
Now read: How to Fix Runtime Error 1004 in Excel
Last Updated on September 5, 2023
The IF function is probably one of the most well-known formulas for Excel, as it allows for data points to be compared between a value and what you are expecting.
IF statements are powerful because you can have two results. The first result is going to inform you of whether your comparison is true. The second result will tell you whether your comparison is false.
Here are the basics of IF functions and how you can use them in Excel.
Example Of IF Function
In column 1 we have a list of Musical Artists, and in column 2 we have Total Album Sales. For reference, we would consider any album sales over 100,000 good, and any album sales over 200,000 excellent.
If we begin to write “=if(“ into cell C5, you’ll see that it now says logical_test which would represent the Total Album Sales in the second column.
Use Comparison Symbols
What this says is is the value of cell B5 greater than 100,000?
Use A Reference Point
To make this process even easier, you can have cells that already have this value, and then simply use this cell as a reference point. For example, we already have the value 100,000 in cell C2, so we select this instead of writing 100,000.
Use The F4 Key
You can also use the F4 key which will fix the column and row. So the formula will look like this:
If it is greater than 100,000, which in our example it is, then we need to follow up with our formula so that the cell will complete an action.
Use Quotation Marks
We put a comma after the value of 1000,000 and then write “Good”. You must use quotation marks when working out of Microsoft Excel, otherwise use a predetermined cell instead.
Our example now looks like this, with the Good selection being used via cell D2:
To add to this, if you want the cell to do nothing if our Total Album Sales value is less than 100,000 we can simply put in a double quotation mark, whilst closing the bracket at the end of the formula.
This will look like this:
What will happen is that in our third column, if the value of an album sales exceeds 100,000 you will see the word Good appear in those columns, and for any albums that didn’t surpass the 100,000 mark, the cell will remain blank.
You can then use this formula to determine whatever data point you are looking to highlight.
Add Different Labels
In our example, instead of looking for album sales over 100,000, we can look for album sales under 50,000 and make the IF function list them as Bad.
Or we could add different labels such as exceptional if an album went over 200,000 total sales.Common Issues
There are a couple of common errors that will occur using the IF function. One example is that if you have a “0” value in the cell, this means that there was no argument or selection.
Or perhaps you see “#NAME?” in the cell. This represents that a formula has been misspelled, and as such you must make sure you not only use punctuation marks but also you spell your values correctly.Final Thoughts
There are many more ways it can be used, but these are the basics. Which should hopefully guide you in the right direction.
As the word itself suggests, union means joining one or more things. In VBA Union means joining two or more ranges together. This function is similar to the range function in excel. This is the most common situation in our work when we need to combine one or more ranges with each other. Union function comes in very handy in those situations.
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As explained above, VBA Union functions combine one or more ranges. We can use this function to combine ranges with some common criteria. For example, if our data has a value less than a specific value, we can use this function to combine those ranges and highlight them.Syntax of VBA Union in Excel
The syntax for the Union function is as follows:
So, for example, if we want to combine a range A1: A5 and B1: B5, we will use the following formula,
Union (Range (“A1:A5”), Range (“B1:B5”)
First, let us ensure we have a developer’s tab enabled from the files tab in the options section to start using VBA in Excel.How to Use VBA Union Function in Excel?
We will learn how to use a VBA Union function with a few examples in excel.
You can download this VBA Union Excel Template here – VBA Union Excel TemplateExample #1 – VBA Union
In the first example, let us try to select two ranges together. Let us select A1:A5 and B1:B5 range together in this example.
Follow the below steps to use the VBA Union function in Excel:
Step 1: We need to open the VB editor from visual basic, which is in the developer’s tab.
Step 3: Once we are in the code window, name the macro as follows,
Step 4: Since we will work with sheet 1, we must activate it first to use its properties.
Step 5: Now, we will use the union function to combine the two ranges we have discussed above with the following code.
Subsample() Worksheets("Sheet1").Activate Application.Union(Range("A1:A5"), Range("B1:B5")).Select
Step 6: Once we execute the code above, we can see in sheet 1 that those two ranges are in our selection. Press F5 or do it manually from the run button to see the result.
In the above example, we have only selected the two ranges, but we can do much more which we will learn in the next examples.Example #2 – VBA Union
Now in this example, let us select two ranges as above together and change their interior color. We can change the format or change values once we combine and select the ranges together.
Step 3: Now, let us activate sheet 2 first since we will use the properties of sheet 2 in this example.
Step 4: Combine two ranges, A1:B5 and C1:D5, with the range function and change the interior color to a dark red by the following code.
SubSample1() Worksheets("Sheet2").Activate Application.Union(Range("A1:B5"), Range("C1:D5")).Interior.Color = 255
Step 5: Execute the above and see the result in sheet 2 as follows,
After combining them, we have changed the color of the ranges as we can see that they are still in selection.Example #3 – VBA Union
Now let’s use the union function to display the address after combining ranges. We will combine range A1:C4 and E1:F4 and display the address in the Immediate window. An immediate window is just below our code window, or we can press CTRL + G to bring it up.
Step 2: Name the macro name for this third example.
Step 3: Declare two variables as a range in the next step as follows.
Step 4: Now set an rng1 variable as the union of the range A1: C4 and E1: F4 as follows,
Setrng1 = Union(Range("A1:C4"), Range("E1:F4"))
Step 5: Now use for loop to bring the address of these cells from the combined ranges by the following code,
Setrng1 = Union(Range("A1:C4"), Range("E1:F4"))
Step 6: Once we run the above code, we can see the result in the immediate window as follows,Application of VBA Union
The following syntax uses VBA union:
Here we can use as many ranges as we require.Things to Remember
There are a few things that we need to remember about the union in VBA:
The union is used to combine two or more ranges together.
The ranges we give to the function must exist to avoid an error.
Instead of Application. The union we can simply use the union as we are working in Excel itself.Recommended Articles
This is a guide to VBA Union. Here we discuss how to use Excel VBA Union Function, practical examples, and a downloadable Excel template. You can also go through our other suggested articles –
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