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How to Update macOS Catalina to macOS Big Sur Is Your Mac Compatible With macOS Big Sur Update?
Since the macOS Big Sur update has been released for quite some time now, users are going gaga over it. However, please know that upgrading to Big Sur isn’t available for everyone of those users. The compatibility issue of the macOS Big Sur update will fully depend on your computer.
So if you do not have those mac computer versions, the only option you have is to buy a new Mac. You can check out the list of the macOS Big Sur update compatible mac versions to know if yours is listed here or not.Things to Consider Before Updating macos catalina to macOS Big Sur
1. One of the first things before going ahead with the upgrade to macOS Big Sur is backing up your system. All you need to have is the Time Machine & an external hard drive and in a few minutes, you will be able to backup your mac.
3. Cleaning out the junk or unnecessary items from the mac is extremely important as there are plenty of them on your device. So please delete all those items from the mac to have a smooth transition for the macOS Big Sur update.How to Update macOS Catalina
Now if you are one of those users who didn’t get a chance to tap on the macOS Big Sur update notification or use the above mentioned path, you can use another option as well. All you need to do is, visit the Apple official website (macOS Big Sur) & download the latest macOS update from the same platform.
Please know that the macOS Big Sur update is a bit over 12 GB, it will take some time for the update to get downloaded. Once the whole “upgrade to macOS Big Sur” file has been downloaded, your mac will start the installation process by launching the installer automatically. The next steps wouldn’t require anything specific from users end as all they need to do is follow the instructions through the installation process. And within a while, the macOS Big Sur update will be installed on the system successfully. The average time it takes to update macOS Catalina to the macOS Big Sur is about 30 minutes so please be prepared to have patience for that much time.Get Exciting Features With The macOS Big Sur Update
Each & every update on different devices brings many features to explore and at the same time, instant bugs as well. For example, the macOS Big Sur update that brings many features from user interface to exciting features that can give your system a whole new makeover. I strongly believe that once you are all set with this macOS Big Sur upgrade, you yourself will know that the experience cannot be described in words. So without further ado, check if your mac comes under the list of the compatible macbook versions, & if yes then download the macOS Big Sur installation files right away.
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With macOS Big Sur, Apple completely overhauled how widgets work on the Mac. Not only do macOS Big Sur widgets now look strikingly similar to the widgets on the iPhone and iPad, but they are also richer in detail and—despite some limitations—much more fun to play around with.
However, the revamped widgets on your Mac can feel a tad confusing to use, especially if you just upgraded from macOS Catalina or earlier. Below, you will find out all the best ways to add, customize, and remove widgets in macOS Big Sur.
Table of ContentsHow to View macOS Big Sur Widgets
You can access your widgets in macOS Big Sur by opening the Notification Center. Select the Date & Time indicator to the right of the menu bar to bring it up. If you have any notifications in line, you may have to scroll down to bring your widgets into view.How to Add Widgets
The Notification Center features several stock widgets such as Weather, World Clock, and Calendar by default. You can add more by heading into the widgets gallery.
The widgets gallery is separated into three different sections. To the left of the screen, you will see a list of apps that feature widget support on your Mac. You can use the Search field to the top to filter them by name or type.
The area to the center of the screen displays all available widgets for any app that you select. Some widgets come in small, medium, and large sizes—you can switch between them by selecting the S, M, and L icons.
Then, select the widget—or hover over it and select the Plus icon—to add it to the Notification Center preview area to the right of the screen.
After adding all the widgets that you want, select Done to exit the widgets gallery.How to Rearrange Widgets
The other widgets should make way for it automatically, so release it in the position that you want. If the widget is of the smaller variety, you can drag another similarly-sized widget next to it.
You can also rearrange widgets inside the widgets gallery itself. However, unless you’re looking to add new widgets, there’s no reason to go there just to rearrange them.How to Add Third-Party Widgets
If you just got a new Mac with macOS Big Sur installed, you’ll only see a list of native apps inside the widgets gallery. But, there are third-party apps in the Mac App Store that feature widget support. For example, the calendar and tasks app Fantastical comes with up to a dozen different widget types.
The catch; it’s often tricky to figure out apps that include widgets, but this macOS Big Sur widgets story from Apple is a good place to start.
Once you’ve installed an app with widget support, you’ll find it listed within the Mac’s widgets gallery. You can then select it, preview all available widget types, switch between sizes, and add them to the Notification Center just like you would any other built-in stock widget.How to Use Widgets
Widgets in macOS Big Sur are purely informative, so you can’t interact with them directly. Selecting a widget will only launch the relevant app on your Mac. Widgets that don’t have a dedicated app—such as the Weather widget—will open in your default web browser instead.
However, widgets are deep-linked to specific areas of the apps that they come with. For example, selecting a specific ticker symbol within the Stocks widget will automatically open its price chart in the Stocks app.
Despite how similar they look, the Mac’s widgets do have a couple of limitations compared to their counterparts on the iPhone. For example, you can’t drag widgets out onto the desktop—you can only view them within the Notification Center. You also can’t stack widgets on top of one another.How to Customize Widgets
For example, both the Clock and the World Clock widgets allow you to select the location or locations that they should display. Once you’ve made a change, select Done to save them.
For widgets that aren’t customizable, you can use the relevant app itself to change what you see. You can, for instance, change the ticker symbols in the Stocks widget by editing the Stocks app’s watchlist.
Additionally, you can customize widgets by heading over to the widgets gallery. Just select a widget from the Notification Center preview area on the right and it will flip over and display available customization options.How to Change Widget Sizes How to Remove Widgets
Alternatively, you can head into the widgets gallery and select the Delete icon to the top-left of a widget to remove it. That is ideal when you want to remove multiple widgets quickly.Software Gadgets
Apple has just announced the latest version of its desktop operating system, macOS Catalina.
macOS 10.15 Catalina brings the death of iTunes and brand new Music, Podcasts and a TV app. iOS device sync has moved to the Finder.
Podcasts features machine-learning powered search, by finding text that was spoken in the podcast.
The new TV app looks a lot like the TV app from iOS. Compatible content playback includes 4K HDR and Atmos content.
Apple is also allowing users to use their iPad as a second display for their Mac. They are branding this feature as ‘Sidecar’.
Apple is adding a new accessibility feature called ‘Voice Control’ to macOS and iOS that lets users control the entire OS by speaking commands. You can edit text, open apps and files, scroll around the interface, select items, share photos and much more. Apple uses on-device processing to offer the rich navigation and dictation features.
Apple is also launching a new app called ‘Find My’ which combines Find My iPhone with Find my Friends. It also converts all your Apple devices into Bluetooth beacons. This means it is now possible to find offline devices based on proximity from anyone in the world.
Macs with T2 chips now feature Activation Lock for additional security. The new Photos and Reminders redesign are also available on the Mac.
Screen Time is also coming to the Mac, so users can combine their activity graphs and screen limits across every Apple device.
Apple is also bringing its UIKit on the Mac framework to allow developers to bring iPad apps onto the Mac very rapidly; the Marzipan project has been formally named ‘Catalyst’. Apple says the app experience should be significantly improved than what was seen in the Voice Memos, News, Home and Stocks app introduced in Mojave.
Twitter will be using Catalyst to bring an official Twitter client back to the Mac. Apple invited Atlassian to demo a new JIRA bug reporting client for macOS, by porting their iPad experience.
macOS Catalina will be available as a free software update this fall.Apple previews macOS Catalina
Packed with All-New Features and Apps, plus Sidecar Expands Mac Workspace with iPad
“With macOS Catalina, we’re bringing fresh new apps to the Mac, starting with new standalone versions of Apple Music, Apple Podcasts and the Apple TV app,” said Craig Federighi, Apple’s senior vice president of Software Engineering. “Users will appreciate how they can expand their workspace with Sidecar, enabling new ways of interacting with Mac apps using iPad and Apple Pencil. And with new developer technologies, users will see more great third-party apps arrive on the Mac this fall.”Apple Music, Apple Podcasts and Apple TV Apps
macOS Catalina replaces iTunes with three all-new apps that greatly simplify and improve the way Mac users discover and enjoy their favorite music, TV shows, movies and podcasts.
The all-new Apple TV app brings together different ways to find and watch movies and TV shows into one powerful app. The Apple TV app features Apple TV channels, personalized recommendations and over 100,000 iTunes movies and TV shows to browse, buy or rent — so users can enjoy 4K HDR and Dolby Atmos-supported movies.1 The Watch Now section features Up Next, where viewers can keep track of what they are currently watching and resume on any screen. This fall, Apple TV+, Apple’s original video subscription service, will be available in the Apple TV app.
For users who sync their media to their devices using a cable, they can quickly and easily do so in the new entertainment apps. And when users connect a device to their Mac, it will immediately show up in the sidebar of Finder, enabling them to backup, update or restore their device.Sidecar
With Sidecar, iPad can be used as an extended display for Mac and a high-precision drawing tablet across supported Mac apps. For users on the go, Sidecar makes it easy to bring an extended display with them so they can spread their work out over two displays wherever they happen to be. When paired with an Apple Pencil, they can use their iPad to draw, sketch or write in any Mac app that supports stylus input. Sidecar is a great tool for editing video with Final Cut Pro X, drawing with Adobe Illustrator or marking up iWork documents. And like all Continuity features, Sidecar can run on a wireless connection, so users can work with greater mobility.Accessibility
Apple believes technology is most powerful when it empowers everyone. With macOS Catalina, Apple is introducing new assistive technologies to help every user get the most out of their Mac. Voice Control is a transformative technology that enables users who can’t operate traditional input devices to control their Mac entirely with their voice using on-device Siri speech recognition technology, which also ensures personal data is kept private. New labels and grids let users interact with virtually any app using comprehensive navigation tools, with audio processing happening on-device. Voice Control is now also available on iOS and iPadOS, so users can control their device entirely with their voice, even gestures like tapping, swiping and scrolling.Security
With macOS Catalina, Gatekeeper now checks all apps for known security issues, while new data protections require all apps to get permission before accessing user documents. Approve with Apple Watch lets users approve many security prompts by simply tapping the side button on their Apple Watch. Now all Macs with the T2 Security Chip support Activation Lock to make them less attractive to thieves. And with the new Find My app, the location of a lost or stolen Mac can be securely and anonymously relayed back to its owner by other Apple devices, even when it is offline.Screen Time
Screen Time on the Mac gives users insight into how they spend time in apps and on websites, and the tools to help decide how to spend their time. Screen Time is designed for the way people use their Mac, including a new “One more minute” feature that gives users more time to save their work or log out of a game. Users can schedule time away from their Mac and determine how much time they want to spend within apps, websites or categories of apps. With iCloud, users can sync Screen Time settings and combine their usage across iPhone, iPad and Mac privately through end-to-end encryption. And Family Sharing gives parents new tools to better manage their children’s device usage, including the ability to choose who their children can communicate with and when.More Great Apps for Mac
Also available with macOS Catalina are new APIs and tools for developers that make it incredibly easy to bring iPad apps over to the Mac. With over a million iPad apps available across a broad range of categories, from creative to entertainment and productivity to development, users will be able to interact with more popular apps right on their Mac’s large and beautiful display. Beginning this fall, users can expect to see more of their favorite apps coming to the Mac, including Jira Cloud, Twitter and Asphalt 9.Additional App Enhancements
Photos features a beautiful new browsing experience that intelligently showcases the user’s best pictures.
Mail in macOS Catalina adds the ability to block email from a specified sender, mute an overly active thread and unsubscribe from commercial mailing lists.
Notes now has a brand new Gallery View, more powerful search tools and additional collaboration options.
Reminders has been redesigned with an all-new user interface that makes it easier to create, organize and track reminders.
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If you have two user accounts on macOS and want to merge them into one, a simple solution would be to first back up the data of one account, then delete it. macOS doesn’t offer any simpler way to merge two accounts. This tutorial shows how to back up and archive the data of one account, move it over to the other account, and lastly, merge the two macOS accounts together.Export Your Data
The method we are using to merge both accounts relies on merging the local files present on the system. All the local files present in a user’s Home folder are saved in a disk image, which can be accessed on the new account. Since the local files do not include any app backups, you’ll need to export this data separately.
If you don’t use iCloud Sync, you can create an Apple ID and sync all data with it. If you do this, log in to the iCloud account on your other account, which will allow you to access your data.
You can also choose to export the data from the specific apps:Merging Two Accounts Into One
This method will merge the data of both accounts into one by deleting the old account and saving its data in a disk image. Hence, it is recommended to make another backup of the data, either on Time Machine or on a local drive before proceeding. This is to ensure that you don’t lose any data unintentionally.
In the newer account (the one you want to keep), open System Preferences on your Mac. Later versions of macOS label the System Preferences app as “System Settings.”
Image source: Apple
If you’re using a newer version of macOS, select the red “Delete Account …” button.
macOS will ask how to proceed. Select “Save the home folder in a disk image.” Make sure you choose the disk image option to give you access to the files in it.Locate a Deleted User’s Data Frequently Asked Questions Can I mount a disk image using Windows 11 to transfer my macOS data to a PC?
Yes. However, you will need a third-party app like DMG Extractor to extract the user data from the disk image file. Disk image file extensions are native to macOS. If you are making the switch to PC, be sure to discover our tips for macOS users switching to Windows.When combining data between two users on the Mac, how can I locate specific files?
Oftentimes you may only want to combine a portion of the user data from one Home folder before you migrate it to another user’s Home folder. If you know the name of the file you are looking for within a user’s Home folder, you can launch Terminal in the current folder to pinpoint specific data.How do I reveal hidden files in a user’s Home folder before combining the user data into one account?
If you’re having trouble locating some of the files from the deleted user account, you can access the Home folder using the Terminal app to manage the visibility attributes of files and even add/remove hidden file flags. Read on to learn how to unhide files inside a user’s Home folder.
Image credit: Kaitlyn Baker via Unsplash All screenshots taken by Brahm Shank
Self-proclaimed coffee connoisseur and tech enthusiast Brahm Shank is captivated by the impact of consumer tech: “It’s profoundly moving when people discover that the phone in their pocket or the tiny computer on their wrist has the power to enrich their lives in ways they never imagined.” Apple, Inc. and its unique position at the intersection of technology and the creative arts, resonates deeply with Brahm and his passion for helping people unleash their potential using technology. Over the years, Brahm has held various podcasts – including famed technologist David Pogue of The New York Times on topics such as Big Tech and digital wellness.
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When your hard drive starts to fail, Disk Utility offers some useful disk repair tools. But if they don’t get it done for you, you may want to turn to one of the big guns: fsck. fsck, which stands for “File System Consistency Check,” is a command-line tool that reviews and repairs the underlying structure of a hard drive. The fsck tool in Mac is the same as the one found in Linux. This article focuses on Mac’s user interface and covers how to repair macOS hard disks with fsck – both mechanical and solid state drives (SSDs).What Are the Signs of a Hard Drive Failing?
Usually, you’ll notice that a hard drive is failing on your Mac early on. Below are three of the most common signs:1. Crashes
If nothing’s wrong with your Mac’s drives, the device will usually run smoothly. It’s a surefire sign that you need to look into an issue if you suddenly begin dealing with crashes.
Your device could crash because of incompatible files and folders, while overheating may also result in your device not working properly. Software errors could lead to the same.2. Disk Errors
Another sign that your hard drive is failing is disk errors on your Mac.
These signs include your drive suddenly being unrecognizable to your computer, sluggish performance, and random ejections.3. Error Messages
If you see error messages on your Mac, it’s often a certain sign that you should look at the state of your hard drive.
In many cases, you’ll see messages related to apps quitting unexpectedly or unexpected errors stopping your device from completing a certain task.4. S.M.A.R.T. Issues
S.M.A.R.T. means Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology System. It’s used to keep track of the health of your mechanical drives.
If you’re having problems in this area, your device will warn you with a message saying that your disk has S.M.A.R.T. issues. Common contributors to this issue include mechanical failures and excessive humidity.5. Programs Stop Running Properly
When you use your Mac, your device will store many of the apps and programs you use on your hard drive.
If this begins to fail, you may begin to notice that your programs stop running as smoothly. Your Mac may take longer to load, or you could struggle to open apps that you use regularly.6. Files on Your Mac Become Corrupt
Another sign that your hard drive is failing is your files becoming corrupt.
Corruptions often occur during the writing phase. If a disk has stopped working properly, you may find that you can no longer use certain files or documents.Mechanical Drives Making Strange Noises
If you hear these noises, it’s a sign that the Mac’s mechanical drives aren’t working properly. And if left unaddressed over time, these could cause significant damage to the drive.Finding the Right Disk
Before you can run fsck, you’ll need to find the device node and identifier of the disk you want to target. We’ll use Terminal’s diskutil command to accomplish that.
1. Open Terminal (/Applications/Utilities/Terminal.app).
2. Type the following command, then press “Enter.”diskutil list
3. This will produce a list of all the currently connected drives, both mounted and unmounted.
4. Locate the disk you want to run fsck on and find its device identifier. It will look like “/dev/disk1”, and will be found along the left margin of the Terminal window. Write this information down somewhere since you’ll need it in the next steps.Running fsck from Single User Mode
macOS won’t let you run fsck from inside the operating system. You’ll need to reboot into Single User mode, which is a stripped-down, text-only, superuser interface for macOS.
1. Open the Apple menu and select “Restart.”
2. Hold down Command + S while your computer restarts. You can release the keys once you see white text start to appear on the startup screen.
4. To repair the boot disk, type the following command, then press “Enter.”
This runs fsck with the -f flag, which forces it to check journaled file systems like HFS+, as well as the -y flag, which automatically says “yes” to any prompts that fsck may encounter.
5. You can also use fsck to repair non-boot disks, but you’ll need to know the filesystem type. For example, if I wanted to run fsck on “/dev/disk2,” I would use the following command:
That command will run the HFS sub-version of fsck on that drive. Other available filesystems include fsck_msdos, which runs on FAT file systems; fsck_exfat, which examines ExFAT filesystems; and fsck_udf, which looks at UDF file systems.
6. fsck will check the file system and attempt to repair any damage that it finds. If it finds no damage, it will exit with “OK.”
7. When fsck is finished checking and repairing the filesystem, type reboot into the command prompt and press “Enter.”Frequently Asked Questions 1. Can I repair my Mac hard disks without using fsck?
Select “First Aid” and choose “Run.” Your Mac will search for problems and fix any that arise.2. How long will it take to repair a disk using fsck on Mac?
The time it takes to repair the disk itself will depend on the extent of the damage and the size of your drive, plus whether your drive is full or not.
You can tell how damaged your Mac disk is by using Disk Utility; if it’s damaged beyond repair, a message will tell you that you have a fatal hardware error.3. Is fsck safe to run on Mac devices?
When using fsck to repair your Mac hard drive, it’s important to remember that you may lose some of your files, since the command seeks to repair file systems that it checks and deems necessary to repair. As you may not know which important files fall into this category beforehand, it’s crucial that you back everything up beforehand.Wrapping Up
fsck on the Mac isn’t as powerful as fsck on Linux, but it can still be a lifesaver if you end up with a corrupted boot disk or damaged hard drive. Read on to learn the things you should do before and after reformatting your hard drive on a Mac.
Danny has been a professional writer for over five years. Now based in Copenhagen, Denmark, he plied his trade working for various companies in the UK — where he was born — before taking the leap into freelancing. He specializes in iOS and Mac.
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If you like to make multiple backups of various files, you may tend to be confused sometimes by different versions of a file at different locations on your Mac. If you don’t clean these up regularly, you may find a bunch of duplicate files on your system that can take up a lot of your Mac’s disk space.
The issue is that it’s not that easy to find and delete duplicate files on your Mac. In this guide we’ll first show you how to find and delete duplicate files on your Mac using Finder. However, if you find the method a bit tiresome, you can choose to download a dedicated free or paid software to automatically do this job for you. We’ve also detailed one such app below.Using Finder to Locate and Delete Duplicate Files
The great thing about duplicate files is that they usually have either a common name, a common date of creation and/or a common file type. We’ll use this exact function to locate duplicate files on the Mac. This method involves creating a smart folder in Finder and sorting files according to name, date and/or type. The exact method is detailed below:
1. Open Finder on your Mac. Open a location of your choice to create the temporary smart folder (example: Desktop, Documents, etc.).
4. From the drop-down menu, select a particular category to use to sort you files. For example, if you know the file name of the duplicate files, you can enter in the name, and Finder will instantly show you all files with the exact same name.
In the screenshot below I’ve entered the file name “General Navigation,” and all files with the exact same name have appeared. I can now choose to delete any previous versions or duplicates I would like.
As you may have guessed from the guide above, manually locating and deleting files can be a long and tiresome process. A simpler method is to use a dedicated app to locate duplicates and delete them. We’ve listed a few apps for you below that do this exact function.Using a Dedicated App to Delete Duplicate Files
There are many apps available on the App Store to automatically locate and delete duplicate files on your Mac. We’ll be covering one such app, known as Duplicate Cleaner.
Once you open the app, you’ll be presented with an option to select a folder to scan for duplicates. Once the app completes its scan, it’ll show a list of all the duplicate files retrieved.
The list will include the name of the duplicate file, number of duplicates and their locations on your Mac. You can view them and choose to delete a duplicate(s) accordingly. It’s quite simple and works well.
Some other apps that also provide the same function are Duplicate File Finder Remover (free), Duplicate Detective Cleaner ($4.99), and Duplicate Cleaner ($9.99). The apps mainly differ in some specific features (such as custom scanning, easy drag-and-drop features, etc.). If the free version we mentioned above works for you, you shouldn’t feel the need to purchase any paid app for this purpose.
Shujaa Imran is MakeTechEasier’s resident Mac tutorial writer. He’s currently training to follow his other passion become a commercial pilot. You can check his content out on Youtube
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