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Most of the big tech stories of 2006 have already gotten far too much coverage. Does anyone not know that HP hit a serious bump in the road this year due to its snooping on employees and board members?
Other stories – with far more long-term importance – have gotten much less ink.
Web-based apps change everything. The over-arching importance of Vista or Leopard is greatly lessened when you can log on and work with an application that was designed (using industry standards) to be interoperable with a slew of other programs – regardless of their core OS. As an added plus, these built-in standards allow you to work with Web-based apps using any browser, instead of having to use IE.
In the future, the hoopla surrounding the release of a new Windows OS will be replaced by a big collective yawn. A new OS? So what? Caring about operating systems is so 20th century.
The Rise and Fall Of Digg
The apparent gathering place for all tech news, Digg, is ending the year on a less than happy note.
But Digg seems to be a victim of its own success. Marketers and scammers have caught on, and all manner of schemes have sprung up to artificially boost a story’s popularity.
For example, the User/Submitter site purports to sell popularity on Digg in exchange for mere filthy lucre. (The site claim to pay .50 cents for every 3 stories you digg. “Digg Users Make Easy Money,” the site says.)
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As Digg itself concedes on its blog, its site has an issue with fraudulent postings and pay-for-digg popularity. Apparently Digg is working to remedy problems. But at the moment it’s not clear who’s winning, legitimate readers or spammers. Digg, if it’s not careful, could be co-opted by marketers.
Novell: Operating Systems Make Strange Bedfellows
Whenever you can ink a deal that makes you the first Linux vendor to work in concert with Microsoft – as Novell did in November – you know you’re scoring big time. Oh sure, the two partners had some tussles about the deal. You knew that putting Microsoft and Linux in the same room couldn’t have been all sunshine and smiles.
Still, Novell, whose fortunes haven’t been all that great recently, earned points for aggressive business maneuvering. On Microsoft’s part, the alliance seemed to be a case of, “If you can’t beat ‘em, join ‘em.” Or, more accurately, “If you can’t beat ‘em, try and control ‘em.”
Speculation about the long-term result of the deal has run rampant since the announcement. Predictions range from the demise of all other Linux vendors to the end of Microsoft as we know it (if Redmond has acknowledged the devil of Linux, then the end must be nigh).
For your viewing pleasure, here it is one more time:
November 2, 2006: Microsoft Likes (Novell) Linux
Pretty amazing, isn’t it?
Oracle Is a Big Bad Wolf
Here’s what Oracle Chief Executive Larry Ellison proclaimed to the audience at the Oracle OpenWorld conference in October:
“If you are a Red Hat support customer, you can very easily switch from Red Hat support to Oracle support.”
And with that, Ellison proved that companies with really deep pockets and really long client lists (like Oracle) can push around companies with not-as-deep pockets and not-as-long client lists (like Red Hat). Oracle, by announcing it would offer its own free clone of the Linux OS, along with low-cost support – not to mention indemnification from intellectual property litigation – positioned itself to take a big bite out of Red Hat’s business.
(But rumors of Red Hat’s demise are greatly exaggerated. The company just reported it added a whopping 12,000 customers in the recent quarter, with a revenue jump of 45%.)
In retrospect, Oracle’s announcement seems to go hand in hand with the Microsoft-Novell alliance. Taken as a pair, the two news items indicated that the biggest of the big dogs, and any last remaining hold-outs, are now acknowledging that Linux is a dominant force in enterprise software – and they need to get on the train before it leaves the station.
IT Workers: Don’t Worry, Be Happy
The year 2006 was a good one for tech professionals, with 2007 also expected to be healthy. As noted in this survey of IT salaries, pay levels across the industry are rising, if not at a leap-and-bounds rate.
This article about next year’s hot tech jobs (and this article as well, which covers Linux openings) talks about hiring trends in 2007. Is it time to dust off your resume?
Next page: Linux-Mac-Windows Cross Platform, Plus: Pricing vs. Technology
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Below The Surface
You thought you knew the Internet. But sites such as Facebook, Amazon, and Instagram are just the surface. There’s a whole other world out there: the Deep Web.
It’s a place where online information is password protected, trapped behind paywalls, or requires special software to access—and it’s massive. By some estimates, it is 500 times larger than the surface Web that most people search every day. Yet it’s almost completely out of sight. According to a study published in Nature, Google indexes no more than 16 percent of the surface Web and misses all of the Deep Web. Any given search turns up just 0.03 percent of the information that exists online (one in 3,000 pages). It’s like fishing in the top two feet of the ocean—you miss the virtual Mariana Trench below.
Much of the Deep Web’s unindexed material lies in mundane databases such as LexisNexis or the rolls of the U.S. Patent Office. But like a Russian matryoshka doll, the Deep Web contains a further hidden world, a smaller but significant community where malicious actors unite in common purpose for ill. Welcome to the Dark Web, sometimes called the Darknet, a vast digital underground where hackers, gangsters, terrorists, and pedophiles come to ply their trade. What follows is but a cursory sampling of the goods and services available from within the darkest recesses of the Internet.Things You Can Buy
Individual or dealer-level quantities of illicit and prescription drugs of every type are available in the digital underground. The Silk Road, the now-shuttered drug superstore, did $200 million of business in 28 months.
2. Counterfeit Currency
Fake money varies widely in quality and cost, but euros, pounds, and yen are all available. Six hundred dollars gets you $2,500 in counterfeit U.S. notes, promised to pass the typical pen and ultraviolet-light tests.
3. Forged Papers
Passports, driver’s licenses, citizenship papers, fake IDs, college diplomas, immigration documents, and even diplomatic ID cards are available on illicit marketplaces such as Onion Identity Services. A U.S. driver’s license costs approximately $200, while passports from the U.S. or U.K. sell for a few thousand bucks.
4. Firearms, Ammunition, and Explosives
Weapons such as handguns and C4 explosives are procurable on the Dark Web. Vendors ship their products in specially shielded packages to avoid x-rays or send weapons components hidden in toys, musical instruments, or electronics.
6. Human Organs
In the darker corners of the Dark Web, a vibrant and gruesome black market for live organs thrives. Kidneys may fetch $200,000, hearts $120,000, livers $150,000, and a pair of eyeballs $1,500.Things That Make Internet Crime Work
Digital cash, such as bitcoin and darkcoin, and the payment system Liberty Reserve provide a convenient system for users to spend money online while keeping their real-world identities hidden.
2. Bulletproof Web-hosting Services
Some Web hosts in places such as Russia or Ukraine welcome all content, make no attempts to learn their customers’ true identities, accept anonymous payments in bitcoin, and routinely ignore subpoena requests from law enforcement.
Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin help keep the deep web in business.
3. Cloud Computing
By hosting their criminal malware with reputable firms, hackers are much less likely to see their traffic blocked by security systems. A recent study suggested that 16 percent of the world’s malware and cyberattack distribution channels originated in the Amazon Cloud.
Less skilled criminals can buy all the tools they need to identify system vulnerabilities, commit identity theft, compromise servers, and steal data. It was a hacker with just such a tool kit who invaded Target’s point-of-sale system in 2013.
5. Hackers For Hire
Organized cybercrime syndicates outsource hackers-for-hire. China’s Hidden Lynx group boasts up to 100 professional cyberthieves, some of whom are known to have penetrated systems at Google, Adobe, and Lockheed Martin.
6. Multilingual Crime Call Centers
Employees will play any duplicitous role you would like, such as providing job and educational references, initiating wire transfers, and unblocking hacked accounts. Calls cost around $10.How to Access the Dark Web’s Wares
Secret Search Engines
Carefully organized wikis list hidden sites by category, such as Hacks, Markets, Viruses, and Drugs. Descriptions of each link help curious newcomers find their desired illicit items.
Just as in the real world, online criminals looking to obtain the most felonious material must be vouched for before they can transact. A network of invitation-only chatrooms and forums, hidden behind unlisted alphanumeric Web addresses, provides access to the most criminal of circles.
This article was adapted from Marc Goodman’s book Future Crimes, which was published in February. It originally appeared in the April 2024 issue of Popular Science, under the title “The Dark Web Revealed.” All text © 2024 Marc Goodman, published by arrangement with Doubleday, an imprint of The Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, a division of Penguin Random House LLC.
One of the biggest complaints from Google Calendar users is that they can’t add events to Google Calendar without visiting the calendar site. If you come across an event on a website, you will have to login to your Google Calendar page to be able to add the event. With Spot – Calendar’s Best Friend, you can add events this way through Chrome. Spot is easy to use and does more than just add events from a web site.
1. Head over to the Chrome Web Store and install the Spot – Calendar’s Best Friend extension.
5. You can enable, disable or uninstall Spot at any time from here.
From here, you’re able to see upcoming events, create new ones, and view Calendar and even search for specific appointments.
If you keep the “Submit to SpotOn.it” checked, this will post your event to the Web and it will be publicly accessible by others. We recommend unchecking this before adding any event through Spot.
When you visit a web site that has dates, times and events on it, you’ll see the icon in the right-hand light up. This means the extension has found events you can add to your Google Calendar.Conclusion
If you’re looking for a way to quickly add events to Google Calendar from anywhere in the Web (and you are using Chrome), Spot – Calendar’s Best Friend is the one for you. Not only can you add events from a web site, but you can also create your own events and check your calendar right from Chrome without heading over to Google Calendar.
Melissa Popp has been a freelance writer for over a decade. While she primarily has focused on writing about technology, she’s also written about everything from custom mailboxes to health care to just about anything in between. Melissa is the Content Strategist for chúng tôi the nation’s leading marketplace for trailers for sale, the Social Media Manager for the best roofing Denver company as well as a Writer here at MakeTechEasier. She’s a proud support of the Denver SEO community and a big fan of online radio.
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A web browser, aka Internet browser, is a software application that lets people access the World Wide Web. It is used to locate, fetch and display content on the internet, including web pages, images, videos, documents, and other files.
In other words, you can also call it a rendering engine whose job is to download a web page and render it in a way that people understand. Web pages are built upon HTML, which needs to be rendered in the layout displayed in the user interface.
For instance, Chrome offers built-in tools like Password Manager, Password Checkup, Anti-phishing, and more.
Before we start with how a web browser works, let’s have a brief look at the components of a browser that play an important role in its functioning. Post which, we’ll see the step-by-step working of a web browser.
Any web browser has two elements- front-end and back-end. The front end is the interface we interact with, which looks fairly simple. However, it’s the complex back end that facilitates the core functioning of a browser. A browser has the following main components:
The Browser Engine provides a link between the user interface and the rendering engine. It manages and manipulates the rendering engine based on inputs from various user interfaces.
The Rendering Engine renders the requested web page on the browser screen. A web page is a document commonly written in HTML- rendering engine converts this document and data to an understandable format so that users can see the desired site, image, or video.
It deals with HTML and XML documents and other files to generate the layout displayed in the user interface. The rendering engine can also work with other types of data with the help of certain plugins and extensions. Below are the rendering engines used by major web browsers:
Blink – Google Chrome, Opera, Microsoft Edge (previously used EdgeHTML).
WebKit – Used in Safari.
Gecko – Mozilla Firefox.
Trident – Internet Explorer.
Presto – Legacy rendering engine for Opera.
UI Backend helps to draw basic widgets like a select box, an input box, a window, a check box, etc. It uses the underlying operating system user interface methods for the same.
It is a uniform layer that the browser uses to store all its data, including Cookies, Local Storage, Session Storage, IndexedDB, WebSQL, and FileSystem.
It involves a multi-step process including DNS resolution, HTTP exchange between browser and web server, rendering, and so on, as follows:
You enter a URL in the web browser.
The browser finds the IP address for the domain using DNS.
The browser initiates a connection with the server.
Next, it sends an HTTP request to the webserver.
The server handles the request and sends out an HTTP response.
The browser renders and displays the HTML content, i.e., the web page.
Below are the commonly used jargons that you might’ve read above or come across while reading about the internet, web, or browsers.
URL – Universal Resource Locator is the address of a given unique resource on the Web.
HTML – HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, used for creating web pages and applications.
HTTP – HTTP is a protocol that allows the fetching of resources, like HTML documents. It is a client-server protocol, which means your web browser initiates requests.
IP Address – It identifies the location of a specific server that’s connected to the internet. Each website has its own unique IP address and can have multiple IP addresses when hosted at multiple locations. For example, a common IP address for Facebook is 22.214.171.124.
DNS – DNS or Domain Name System is the database that contains records of the domains. It helps discover websites using human-readable addresses.
Cookies – Cookies are the small pieces of data websites store on your device’s storage.
Google Chrome is currently the world’s most popular web browser with over 64% market share. It was first released in 2008. The browser uses Google’s Blink rendering engine. Here’s more about the evolution of Chrome over 12 years.
Microsoft Edge was first released in 2024 to replace Internet Explorer as the default browser on Windows 10. Later, it was made available for Android, iOS, and macOS.
It initially used the EdgeHTML rendering engine. However, in 2023, Microsoft rolled out the new Chromium-based Edge using the same rendering engine as Chrome, i.e., Blink. It still has a meager worldwide market share at a little over 3%.
Here’s how Edge has evolved from Internet Explorer.
It was acquired by a Chinese consortium led by Golden Brick Capital Private in 2024. Opera has recently released a dedicated Web 3 Crypto browser.
Safari is another browser popular amongst Apple product users. It first appeared in 2003 for Mac OS X, while the mobile version was introduced with iPhone OS 1 in 2007. It also had a Windows version, available from 2007 to 2012.
Safari uses WebKit rendering engine and has Google as the default search engine. It currently holds over 18% of the browser market share worldwide.
UC Browser, etc.
The new developments in the Web 3.0 space might soon change how we use our browsers. Here are some Web 3.0 browsers that you may be interested in and yes, Brave is a part of it.
Have you ever tried to access a website only to get the error message “Service is Unavailable?” It can be very frustrating, especially when you are in urgent need of information that you had earlier found on that website. The good news is nothing vanishes completely from the Internet. So whether a website has been down for some minutes or inaccessible for months, there are some ways that you can still view its content.
If you are trying to access a website and it won’t load but others can access it, it could be due to a number of reasons. The first thing to do is determine which end is the issue. Here are three possibilities:
Your ISP (Internet Service Provider)
The website servers could be down
If the issue is with the website servers, there is nothing more you can do but wait. However, you can still view your recently opened pages through the various options described below.How to access a web page when it’s down Option 1: Google cached pages
Google makes a cached version of every web page you visit, and if the site is inaccessible, Google lets you access the cached version of that page instead. So if you are trying to access a website that isn’t available from Google search, you can easily access its cached copy. All you have to do is type the site’s URL prepended with “cache:” in the Google search box. It should like this:
With this method you will also be able to see the date and time when Google created the cached copy.Option 2: Internet Archives Wayward Machine
Another place you can find old versions of web pages is the Internet Archives Wayback Machine. While the Wayback Machine might not display as much as you would find in Google’s cache, it does allow you to go further in time to see how a website looked years ago.
To use this tool, simply head over to the Internet Archives Wayback Machine page. Enter the URL of the website you want to view or the address of a web page you want to visit and hit enter.
The more popular the site is, the higher the number of archived pages that this tool will provide. With this tool you can access a website if it’s down at the moment. However, if you are interested in fresh content, the Wayback Machine won’t help.Conclusion
With the cached version, you won’t be able to access a web page as you could if it were up. However, if you are looking for an old post and the site is inaccessible, a cached copy of the page can prove to be very useful. But if the website is blocked, you may have to get your hands a little dirty. Check out our article on how to access blocked websites.
Kenn is a tech enthusiast by passion, Windows blogger by choice, and a massive coffee imbiber. He likes watching sci-fi movies in his free time and tearing gadgets apart so he can fix them.
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Best Web Hosting Services in 2023
Top web hosting services reviewed and rated
Funmi Looi Somoye
If you’re looking for the best web hosting services available on the market right now, you’re in the right place!
Whether you’re a developer, a small business or just hoping to build your own website, our experts have brought you the best web hosting providers for a variety of different needs.
We have researched and checked safe and reliable services that have excellent features that would suit both personal and business use cases. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s jump right in.
Products at a GlanceHow we picked the best web hosting services
Picking the best web hosting services is not the easiest task. But, that’s where we come in. Our experts have selected the top web hosting services for anyone whether you are a small business owner or blogger.
that have dedicated support.
Best Web Hosting Services in 2023
Great WordPress hosting options
Excellent customer service
No cloud-based hosting
Bluehost Web Hosting is a budget-friendly, flexible WordPress hosting service. It comes with a bunch of features that would meet any hobbyist or business that integrates perfectly with WordPress’s functionality.
They offer shared web hosting which is perfect for those looking for a cheaper alternative and are not expecting much traffic to their site. With plans coming in as little as $2.95 a month, this is an easy budget-friendly option. Unfortunately, they do not offer short-term commitments and you will have to sign up for yearly subscriptions.
If you’re looking for VPS web hosting, and require more power, Bluehost can support this. These plans start at $39.99 a month and come with 30GB of SSD, 2GB RAM and 1TB of data transfers as a standard. The user interface is also clean and easy to use meaning you can get started on the platform in no time.
Flexible and scalable hosting plans
Reliable server performance
Easy to use
24/7 live chat support
Relatively low storage space for some plans
As the name suggests, Cloudways is another cloud-based hosting platform that is great for small businesses. This website hosting platform can help you get your WordPress site, e-commerce store or PHP application up and running in no time.
With this platform, you can choose between five different server providers such as Digital Ocean, AWS and Google Cloud. Launching and managing your website is easy thanks to its neat features such as automated backups, free SSL and team collaboration tools.
Customer support is essential for any small business and with Cloudways you’ll gain access to a 24/7 live chat support. Compared to other web hosting sites you will get relatively low storage space for this price but you are getting free cloud hosting as a default.
All in all, Cloudways is the ideal hosting solution for small businesses, and freelancers that want fast, reliable, and flexible cloud hosting.
Great customer service
Dedicated website builder
No phone support
Hostinger is a great all-rounder web hosting provider. This option has high-quality customer service with a crew that is here to help you 24/7.
The platform offers shared web hosting like many other sites. Hostinger offers three Linux-powered shared web hosting plans called Single, Premium and Business. Plans start at $9.99 a month which drops to $3.49 if you commit to a one-year plan.
The Single plan lets you host one website, which comes with one email address and 50GB of SSD and 100GB of monthly data transfers.
If you are interested in VPS web hosting, Hoststringer comes with eight Linux-based plans. These start at $8.99 a month, or $2.99 if you commit to one year. These subscriptions are better suited to businesses. As a bonus, Hostinger is also integrated with WordPress, with its own dedicated plans too.
Helpful customer service
Great shared hosting offerings
No Window Server options
HostGator is a top choice for anyone looking for a feature-heavy web hosting provider. This platform has many offerings from WordPress integration, VPS and dedicated server packages.
HostGator also provides shared web hosting which is great for those on a budget. They’re unique because they offer both Linux and Windows-based shared hosting plans. For Linux packages, plans start at $11.95 a month or $3.95 if you commit to an annual plan. This comes with unlimited disk space, data transfers and email addresses – wow! You also get a free SSL management system and e-commerce platforms. For Windows-based plans expect a $7.96 monthly fee, dropping to $6.36 if you commit to a year. You’ll also get the same unlimited features as the Linux plan too.
HostGator also offers cloud web hosting services but only for Linux platforms. To summarise this option is fantastic for anyone who is a blogger or small business.Features and Considerations
When deciding which web hosting services to go for there are a few things you should consider. First things first, you should understand your website needs. If you are hoping to build a personal blog you may want to opt for a shared web hosting package. On the other hand, if you are a business owner with lots of website traffic, opting for a dedicated web server may be the best option.
Next, it is important to consider key features. Some of the features you should look for are bandwidth, storage space, uptime, security, support, and scalability as these will ensure your website runs efficiently but is also safe from malicious attacks.
Finally, to find the right web hosting plan consider your budget and key needs. There are different types of hosting plans available, such as shared hosting, VPS hosting, cloud hosting, and dedicated hosting. Each type has its own pros and cons, so you should weigh them carefully before making a decision
If you’re looking for something different, why not check out our other software guides?
Best Time Management Tools in 2023
Best Workflow Management in 2023
Best Productivity Tools in 2023What are the 3 types of web hosting?
There are three types of web hosting services. First, you have shared hosting. This is the most common type of hosting and is popular with those with small websites or personal blogs due to its low cost. Next, there is dedicated hosting, which is the case where you rent an entire web server. The final type of hosting is cloud hosting. This option consists of a virtual server built from singular web servers.Our Verdict
Editor’s PickBluehost Web Hosting
Shop on Amazon
Our top pick is the Bluehost Web Hosting service. BlueHost is one of the largest web hosting providers out there with top-quality customer support and packages to suit any needs. This platform offers a range of different options from low-cost shared hosting for personal sites to a wide range of WordPress plans that can help you build a site easily and fast. With that being said, all of our options are reliable and safe for anyone looking to build a website. It all depends on your needs!
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