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JOBO photoGPS gets upgraded: more memory, more POIs

It’s been a while since we’ve seen a new GPS geotagger from JOBO, and then along come two at once.  The new JOBO photoGPS 2 and photoGPS 4 each slot into your digital camera’s hot-shoe and grab GPS coordinates every time you take a shot.  That way you can browse your photos by the location at which they were taken, using apps like iPhoto.

Compared to the previous photoGPS model, there’s twice the memory on the photoGPS 2 and four-times the amount on the photoGPS 4.  That means enough space for up to 4,000 saved locations; when you then plug the unit into your computer the bundled software automatically converts raw latitude/longitude into country, city, street and nearest point of interest.  A software update will see the original model get the same access to the boosted database of POIs, streets and other information.

Accuracy is down to 12m, and JOBO reckon users will see two months of battery life from a single charge (assuming 100 shots per day).  The photoGPS 2 and photoGPS 4 will go on sale by the end of April 2010, priced at $99 and $129 respectively.

[via Photography Blog]

Press Release

JOBO introduces two new photoGPS models featuring “facelift” and software improvements

New Geo-tagging models photoGPS 2 and photoGPS 4 for up to 4,000 locations – Plus Improvements in Reverse Geo-coding for all JOBO photoGPS models

Gummersbach, Germany (April 12, 2010) – JOBO AG announces the addition of two new versions of the award-winning GPS receiver photoGPS. Both Geotagging models photoGPS 2 and photoGPS 4 feature a new “facelift” as well as bigger, internal memories in comparison to the previous version. The photoGPS 2 stores up to 2,000 locations on its internal memory, photoGPS 4 even up to 4,000.

The JOBO photoGPS is a small GPS receiver attached to the hot-shoe of a digital camera that captures instantaneously and automatically geodata for photos on the spot. Due to the included software the geodata will be translated automatically in real address data when connected to a PC or notebook and all images will be tagged with these information. In addition to longitude and latitude the real address of where the image was taken such as country, city, street and nearest point of interest are written into the image file. According to these criteria tagged photos can be found, sorted and organized.

These new photoGPS models will be available prospectively end of April for MSRP € 99.00 (photoGPS 2) and € 129.00 (photoGPS 4).

JOBO photoGPS 2 / photoGPS 4 Specifications

Capture time: about 0.4 sec

Storage capacity: up to 2,000 locations (photoGPS 2) / 4,000 locations (photoGPS 4)

Accuracy: approx. 12 m

Reverse geocoding providing the real address (country, city, street, POI)

Interface to camera: standard hot-shoe (ISO 518:2006)

File support: JPEG, RAW with XMP sidecar file

Power source: internal rechargeable Li-Poly battery

Typical battery life: 2 months (100 captures per day)

Status information: via 2 LEDs

PC connectivity: USB 2.0

Battery charging: via USB 2.0

Requirements for usage: computer with internet connection

Operating systems: Windows XP, 7, Mac (Intel)

Dimensions: 68 x 20 x 43 mm (without adapter)

Weight: 80 g

Package content: photoGPS main unit, USB cable, manual, CD-ROM including photoGPS matching software and various Software suggestions

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Can Chromebook Memory Be Upgraded?

If you own a computer that no longer meets your needs, you can upgrade its hardware components. For example, you can add more storage space, more RAM, and even get a better GPU. Of course, the alternative is buying a brand-new device. But if you own a Chromebook, things are a bit more complicated. Upgrading your ChromeOS laptop is not always possible.

Can I Add More Memory to a Chromebook?

Most Chromebooks can’t be upgraded, which means that you can’t add more RAM to your device. On most ChromeOS laptops, the RAM is soldered to the motherboard. In other words, there’s no slot available to insert a new memory stick.

Why Do Chromebooks Have So Little RAM?

ChromeOS laptops have small hard drives and little memory to keep the cost down and encourage widespread use. The OS handles RAM differently and doesn’t really need as much memory as other operating systems.

Most Chromebooks come equipped with 4GB of RAM, although you can purchase models that sport 8GB of RAM as well. One such example is the Samsung Galaxy Chromebook.

Compared to other Windows or macOS computers, 4GB of RAM is not at all impressive. But ChromeOS is much lighter than Windows or macOS. Additionally, the OS is based on the Linux kernel and uses RAM more efficiently.

What’s the Secret?

Chrome OS keeps things snappy thanks to zRAM and double-wall low memory. zRAM is a compressed virtual memory that turns parts of your hard disk into RAM, allowing your laptop to do a lot more with less. The double-wall low memory automatically purges old tabs, data, apps, and processes that users haven’t used in a while to free up memory.

For example, Google Chrome consumes RAM by boatload on Windows and Mac. But zRAM and the double-wall low memory keep the RAM glutton Chrome in check on ChromeOS.

Can a Chromebook Run out of Memory?

Chromebooks can run out of memory. This issue frequently affects low-end Chromebooks equipped with 2GB of RAM. When this issue occurs, apps become unresponsive, Chrome will show you the “Aw, snap” error, and so on.

Enable Swap Memory

To quickly fix this memory issue, you need to enable Swap memory using Crosh.

Press Ctrl, Alt, and T to open a Crosh tab.

Run the swap enable [insert size] command

Replace [insert size] with the swap you want to add. For example, if you want to add a swap of 2GB, enter swap enable 2000.

Restart your Chromebook.

To disable the swap memory, run the swap disable command.

How Much RAM Do I Need For Chromebook?

To answer this question, you actually need to answer two additional questions: “How long am I planning to use this Chromebook for?” and “Will I use it as my main machine or rather as a backup laptop?”

If you’re planning to use your Chromebook for light browsing and social media for two to three years, go for a 4GB model. But if you’re planning to use the device as your main laptop for school or work, go for a model equipped with 8GB of RAM.


Most Chromebooks have the RAM chip soldered to the motherboard, which means you can’t add more memory to your device. Chromebooks generally come equipped with less RAM than regular Windows or macOS computers.

But ChromeOS doesn’t actually need that much RAM because it uses memory more efficiently. For example, 4GB of RAM should be enough for most users. Should your Chromebook ever run out of memory, you can quickly enable Swap Memory using Crosh.

New Guest Policy Means More Power, More Responsibility

New Guest Policy Means More Power, More Responsibility Students say they’re ready for change

Under the proposed new guest policy, students in Warren Towers would be able to obtain guest passes with their roommates’ written consent. Photo by BU Photo Services

Students responded to the proposed new guest policy with enthusiasm and relief yesterday, expressing confidence in their ability to handle the responsibilities that would come with the proposal’s new freedoms.

“It’s about time — I just wish it had come sooner,” said Emeri Burks (CAS’08), who lives at 575 Commonwealth Ave. “I think the administration should trust us enough to make our own decisions.”

The proposed new policy, which Dean of Students Kenneth Elmore announced to the Student Union on Wednesday night, would eliminate several restrictions on access to BU’s residence halls and would place greater emphasis on student responsibility and communication between roommates. Under the proposed new guidelines, students currently living in a campus residence would use their BU ID to swipe into any residence hall between the hours of 7 a.m. and 2 a.m., and students would be able to sign in guests with photo identification at any time, day or night. To obtain an extended visitor’s pass, a student would need to obtain verbal or written permission from his or her roommate.

The rule about finding a co-host to sign in visitors of the opposite sex would no longer be in effect.

“I think the policy is both good and bad,” said Adrienne Golden (SED’09), the secretary of the residence hall association at 575 Commonwealth Ave. “One of the great things will be the ability to sign into another dorm up until 2 a.m., but I think roommate conflicts will definitely come to the forefront.”

“The guest policy is one of the reasons I moved off campus,” said Lauren Richler (SAR’07). “I’m from Boston, and I wouldn’t be able to have friends over because they’d call to tell me they were in town that same night.”

Elmore said on Wednesday that the proposal had been developed throughout months of meetings with students, administrators, and the Faculty Council. It is intended to give students both greater freedom in their experience in the residence halls and greater responsibility for the conduct of their guests.

“This is about responsibility, communication, and maturity,” said Elmore. “We are clearly saying, ‘We trust you not to compromise other people’s safety.’”

Students interviewed yesterday said that they understood the need for added security on an urban campus, but believed that the proposed new policy, which requires visitors to leave a photo ID at the building’s residential safety desk, will be more than adequate. “You still know who’s in the building, because you have to leave your ID,” said Abigail Terry (COM’08), who lives at 10 Buick St.

The new policy outlines slightly different procedures for large residence halls, 10 Buick St., and the South Campus and Bay State Road residences, and does not allow students living off-campus swipe access at any time — a provision that some students find shortsighted. “I think the new guest policy sounds great — if you don’t live off-campus,” said Shyang Puri (CFA’10), who lives in Brookline. “I just worry students living off-campus will still be treated like second-class citizens.”

Although the proposal’s status will not be determined for several weeks, some students said it could influence their housing choices for next year, and all felt that it was a step forward for the University’s administration.

“Finally, they’re treating us like adults,” said Rose Aplustill (CAS’09). “We are adults — we’re in college.”

Explore Related Topics:

Botnet: Architecture, Danger, And More

Botnets are cyber weapons used to attack computers and networks on the internet. They combine malicious software (malware) and hijacked computers (bots). Can utilize the core architecture to carry out some seriously damaging cyber-attacks, such as distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, spam campaigns, and data theft. This article will explore a botnet, its architecture, and how it works. We’ll also discuss the potential dangers associated with botnets, as well as some ways in which you can protect yourself from them. So let’s get started!

Botnet in a Nutshell

A botnet is a cluster of computers infected with malware and under the control of a malicious actor. The term “bot” comes from the word “robot.” It can use these networks of bots to carry out various nefarious activities, such as launching distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, stealing data, or spreading spam.

The architecture of a botnet varies depending on its purpose. For example, a botnet used for DDoS attacks typically consists of thousands of infected computers, known as “zombies.” These zombies will all receive commands from the attacker to bombard a target with traffic, overload its servers, and cause it to crash.

Other botnets may be smaller and more targeted in their approach. For instance, a botnet used for stealing sensitive data may only consist of a few hundred computers. These bots will quietly collect information such as login credentials and credit card numbers while their owners do their everyday business. The attackers can use this stolen data for financial gain or identity theft.

No matter what their purpose, all botnets share one common trait: they allow attackers to carry out their activities

How does a Botnet Work?

The computers in a botnet are usually infected with a Trojan horse or worm. The attacker then uses a command and control (C&C) server to issue commands to the botnet. The commands are sent through the internet using various protocols, such as IRC, HTTP, or DNS.

Once the botnet receives the commands, they are executed on the infected computers. The attackers can then use the botnet for malicious purposess.

The Different Types of Botnets

Botnets are classified according to their structure and the type of bot they use. The three most common types of botnets are peer-to-peer, distributed, and hierarchical.

Peer-to-peer botnets do not have a central server. Instead, each bot communicates with every other bot in the network. This type of botnet is more challenging to take down because there is no single point of failure.

Distributed botnets also do not have a central server. However, the bots in this type of network are not all connected. Instead, they are divided into smaller groups, or “botnets,” each controlled by a separate server. It makes taking down a distributed botnet easier because taking down one server will only affect the bots in that particular group.

Hierarchical botnets have a central server that controls all the bots in the network. This type of botnet is the easiest to take down because taking down the main server will disable all the bots in the network.

The Dangers of Botnets

Botnets are often used to launch attacks on websites or other online services. These attacks can cause significant disruption and may even take offline websites or services.

Botnets can also be used to send spam emails or distribute malware. It can have profound security implications for the victim, as their computer may be infected with a virus or spyware.

In some cases, botnets have been used to DDoS (denial of service) attack government websites, causing them to crash. This attack can have profound political implications and even be considered an act of war.

Botnets are a serious threat to both individuals and organizations. Anyone using the internet should be aware of the dangers posed by these malicious networks.

Protection against botnets

To protect yourself from botnets, do the followings −

Keep your Computer and Software up-to-date

Most botnets are created by malicious actors who exploit vulnerabilities in software to take control of devices. To protect against botnets, keeping your software up to date is essential. Install updates as soon as these are available in the market. It allows you to close the security holes botnet creators use to gain access to devices.

Install Antivirus Software

Install and use a reputable antivirus program. Antivirus software can detect and remove malicious software, including botnets, from your system and configure your firewall to block incoming connections from unknown sources.

Watch Out for any Spammy Links or Attachments Back up your important files regularly

Protecting your computer against botnets is backing up your important files regularly. If your computer is infected with a botnet, you can restore your files from a backup and avoid losing any critical data.


In conclusion, a botnet is an interconnected network of computers infected with malicious viruses by hackers to execute various cyberattacks. Botnets have become increasingly popular in recent years, allowing attackers to deploy large-scale attacks while remaining anonymous. Understanding the architecture of botnets is essential if we want to mitigate their potential threat, and there are several measures that organizations can take to protect themselves from these malicious networks.

Bombshell Review: More “Bad” Than “Badass”

Bombshell is more “bomb” than anything else, with anemic shooting and lackluster exploration—when bugs aren’t tossing you back to the desktop.

I am probably not going to complete Bombshell.

And it’s a policy I’ve stuck to, with the exception of one or two games. For instance, I loved Dark Souls II but didn’t complete it because it was kicking my ass.

This is different. I am not finishing Bombshell because it is busted.

The good

There are two ways you could describe Bombshell, and on paper they sound equally appealing. 1) It’s a twin-stick shooter version of a 90’s FPS—wailing guitars, big guns with dumb names, ludicrous gibs, and a smack-talking protagonist who’s a borderline sociopath. 2) It’s sort of like Diablo-with-guns.

Not too bad, right?

So despite starting life as an ill-planned trailer—or, in truth, starting like as an unofficial Duke Nukem game before some legal squabbling shut that down—I was willing to conceptually give Bombshell the benefit of the doubt. Aliens come to Earth. Aliens kidnap the president. Murder-loving lady goes after them and shoots a lot of enemies. It seemed like silly, mindless fun.

The mediocre

Despite the creative concepts behind the guns, none I’ve used so far is particularly interesting or effective. Enemies, and especially bosses, are armored to hell and back, so you just shoot shoot shoot shoot shoot a dozen times until they finally keel over.

Regardless, it means the most dangerous enemies are these floating bug things that hang out off-screen until you run around a corner, then detonate and cover you in acid. Any ol’ grunt with a gun is easy by comparison.

The bad

What you actually end up doing is staring at the mini-map in the corner. It shows you enemies off camera and shows where you’re currently aiming, so I played half the game lining up shots that way.

The worse

Have you replayed Super Mario 64 recently? If you have, you probably noticed that many of the platforming sections would be way easier if the camera would just behave—meaning aligned properly, instead of awkwardly angled.

Bombshell, for some reason, includes awful platforming bits where the camera is just always a little off-axis from where it should be. And you can’t rotate it. 3D Realms strongly recommended playing this game with a keyboard/mouse instead of a gamepad, but the angles for those platforming bits are awful and I have died exponentially more times from a misjudged jump than all the enemies I’ve encountered in the game.

The ugly

But all of that is contained in this knockoff Fallout Pip-Boy interface, and while I can appreciate the homage the execution is pretty underwhelming. Especially because Fallout’s UI is already not that great.

The breaking point

And now, we finally return to why I will not be finishing Bombshell a.k.a. because it’s busted. Everything else pales in comparison.

I don’t just mean “Falling through the world and dying” busted or “The game keeps erasing my map” busted. Those are certainly things that keep happening, and they’re certainly Problems with a capital-P, but they would not be reason enough for me to give up on a game.

1) In the third or fourth level (unsure, because they all sort of bleed together into one long corridor of baddies) I reached a place called the Vertigo Arena. My objective: Survive some waves of enemies. Suffice it to say I did not heed that objective, and for once the enemy’s braindead goons managed to shoot me dead. “No big deal,” I thought, reloading my checkpoint.

Turns out it was a big deal. After reloading, no enemies showed up. “That’s weird,” I thought, and I reloaded again. Three enemies this time, and then nothing. Reloaded. This time I managed to get the game to spawn the first wave or so of enemies by running to each entrance in a circuit, and enemies would dribble out in groups of two or three—but then that broke too. After about fifteen enemies, they stopped coming and the game did…nothing. Just sat there.


Luckily 3D Realms got back to me and told me I could edit an .ini file and restart just that one level—a.k.a. still lose about an hour’s progress. But I did it, and with a sigh and a few obscenities I started back through.

I encountered some more bugs and a crash to desktop, but it was going okay. I made it out of the Fire Planet and on to the Ice Planet, picked up some new weapons, mowed down a bunch of generic baddies, and listened to Shelly yell the same five lines over and over. But I was doing it.

2) And then my computer hard locked. Like, full-on “Ctrl-Shift-Esc doesn’t work, Ctrl-Alt-Del doesn’t work, nothing is responding, hold the power button to shut my computer down” hard-locked.

Bottom line

I do not recommend you play this game.

Successful Link Building Requires More Than Links

As an SEO professional, there might not be a better feeling than seeing a backlink to your site published on a high authority website, particularly when that link is the result of your manual outreach efforts.

The reason securing backlinks is so satisfying is because so much goes into successful link building.

In fact, most of the work that drives link building results happens long before any outreach messages are sent.

Too often, clients and prospects try to jump the gun with link building. These people understand the value of links, but don’t understand what’s involved in sustainably earning links.

Consistently securing worthwhile links and achieving organic search growth requires an upfront investment in:

Today, I want to discuss each of these SEO pillars individually to help you be better prepared to effectively earn links and drive search results.

1. Everything Starts with Keyword Research

Link building is most powerful when it’s strategic, and strategic link building is built on sound keyword research.

Link building is time-consuming and difficult. You need to find the opportunities where links can have the most impact.

Proper keyword research will uncover these high-return opportunities and guide link building strategy.

Follow this simplified process to find your best SEO keywords:

Build out a seed list of keywords.

Analyze seed keywords.

Prioritize best opportunities.

Each step of this process is integral to identifying which keywords can drive the best results for search.

Build out a Seed List of Keywords

Keyword research should start by putting together a list of seed keywords.

Seed keywords are the baseline search terms most important to your business. To build this list, examine these potential sources:

Product or service terms.

Competitor keywords.

Related searches within search engines.

Audience language and terms.

Using these sources you can compile a list of seed keywords that will provide a foundation as you refine your keyword research.

Analyze Seed Keywords

After you’ve built a seed list, you need to analyze the key terms you’ve identified.

This analysis will help you better understand the potential search opportunity associated with each term. Areas for analysis include:

Search volume.

Searcher intent.

Competition level.

Brands ranking currently.

Corresponding SERP features.

Each of these factors contributes to the overall opportunity associated with your seed keywords.

Prioritize Best Opportunities

Once you’ve analyzed the key areas that determine search opportunity, you can prioritize keyword targets to maximize SEO results.

Link building is a long-term strategy and it takes time to see results.

In order to prove efficacy quickly and gain buy-in for the entirety of your project, you want to target the opportunities that yield the most return with the least investment first.

Prioritize your keyword opportunities based on the following criteria:

Alignment with overarching business goals.

Balance of low competition and high search volume.

Required internal investment (resources, time, etc.)

Evaluating keywords based on these criteria will leave you with a handful of prime opportunities that should inform your link building strategy.

2. Realizing Search Opportunities Requires Content Development

To rank in search, you must deserve to rank in search. You need to have a page that answers searcher intent at least as well as the current ranking pages, and this requires content development.

Content development can either mean improving existing pages or crafting entirely new pages.

Improving Existing Pages

New content is not always required. If you already have a page that serves your target keywords, slight improvements to the page and backlinks could be enough to make the difference in terms of organic visibility.

The best places to draw inspiration for potential changes are the SERPs you are targeting, as these are the pages you want to compete with.

Potential changes that increase linkability include:

Increasing depth and length of content.

Adding multiple formats (video, interactivity, etc.).

Improving design and visuals.

Updating time-sensitive content.

Improving existing pages can provide a low-investment option for targeting important keywords.

Crafting Strategic Pages

If you don’t have a page that sufficiently answers the intent behind your target terms, you’ll need to create a page.

Similar to updating existing pages, when you create a new page the first thing you should do is look at ranking pages. As you begin to develop your new page, referencing ranking pages will make styling and formatting decisions easier — you’ll want to create a page similar to the pages that currently rank.

The goal is to craft the best possible page for the keywords you are targeting.

Your two primary considerations when creating these pages should be:

Answering searcher intent.

Optimizing the structure of your page to include all keyword possibilities.

If you build a quality page it will be set up for success from the onset. Furthermore, these strategic assets are well-positioned to earn quality links that boost their search performance even more.

3. On-page Optimization Comes Before Off-page

External optimization — link acquisition — is far more powerful when it is supported by on-page optimization.

If you secure worthwhile links but they point to a suboptimal site, you’re leaving equity on the table.

Conversely, when your pages are well-designed and optimized, backlinks can be the tipping point for visibility and traffic.

As you create new pages and audit old sections of your site, be mindful of the following technical issues:

Getting the technical elements right ensures you get the most value out of the links you earn.

Along with these technical elements, internal linking should be a primary consideration. Internal links are vital to link building because they:

Impact usability.

Guide search crawlers.

Direct valuable link equity.

Internal links make it possible to siphon link equity to product and category pages that otherwise struggle to earn links. An example diagram of this linking structure would look like:

Other site owners are typically hesitant to link to conversion-driven pages. But if you create linkable assets with internal links, you can leverage the value of the links those assets attract for your converting pages.


The biggest part of link building is the manual work of convincing others to link. However, all that hard work is diminished if you don’t account for the other factors that impact link building success.

To ensure you get the most out of your link acquisition:

Start with keyword research to inform link building strategy.

Create new pages or improve existing content to target search opportunities.

Audit on-page optimization and internal links to maximize ROI from link building.

More Link Building Resources:

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