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Net Zero vs. Carbon Neutral

Two of the most common climate pledges made by organizations around the world

Written by

Kyle Peterdy

Published January 4, 2023

Updated February 9, 2023

Reviewed by

Noah Miller

What is the Difference Between Carbon Neutral and Net Zero?

Carbon neutrality signifies that an organization and its management team is responsible for removing the same amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere as it is emitting; net zero, on the other hand, means the organization is removing an equal amount of all greenhouse gasses (GHGs) as it is creating.

CO2 is one type of greenhouse gas, albeit a very important one. All GHGs are expressed in tonnes of CO2e. CO2e represents carbon dioxide equivalent and it serves as the common measurement unit in carbon accounting and other climate-risk concepts like carbon markets and carbon credits. For example, even if measuring a different gas (like methane), for the purpose of comparability, the emissions are expressed using CO2e. 

Both carbon neutrality and net zero are climate pledges being made by management teams and government organizations. Each is considered a noble commitment with a similar end goal – to remove as much harmful pollution from the earth’s atmosphere as the organization is emitting.

Key Highlights

Carbon neutrality means that an organization’s management team is responsible for removing as much carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere as it is emitting.

Net zero means that an organization’s management team is responsible for removing as much greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as it is producing.

Carbon offset credits, which trade on voluntary carbon markets, are employed to achieve both net zero and carbon neutral claims.

Carbon accounting has become a core requirement for many publicly traded firms in order to support the mandatory disclosure of company emissions.

What are Greenhouse Gases?

GHGs trap heat in our planet’s atmosphere, creating and compounding a warming of the earth’s surface commonly referred to as global warming.

CO2 is often cited as the main culprit but there are many other dangerous GHGs including nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), methane, and sulfur dioxide. 

While some GHGs do occur naturally in our environment, the scientific community has long asserted that excess greenhouse gasses are the result of human activity. These include agricultural practices (like livestock production and other agribusiness functions), generating heat and electricity for commercial operations, and the burning of fossil fuels for transportation.

Why is Tracking GHG Emissions Important?

With the emergence of ESG (Environmental, Social & Governance) as a focal point in today’s business landscape, management teams are increasingly concerned with accurately tracking emissions in order to fulfill various environmental mandates (like mitigating climate risks, preparing public ESG disclosure, and managing stakeholder expectations).

Every organization emits carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses, both within its operations and across its supply chain. For example, fossil fuels are burned to support distribution, and electricity is used to power offices and other facilities; this aggregate emissions figure represents an organization’s carbon footprint.

Management teams generally first seek to reduce company emissions where practical, but it’s nearly impossible for an organization to eliminate its entire footprint. As a result, leadership teams are facing increasing pressure to make pledges about how they intend to address these residual emissions; carbon neutrality and net zero emissions are two such commitments.

How is Net Zero & Carbon Neutrality Achieved?

Net zero and carbon neutrality are both achieved using offset credits, which are traded on carbon markets. Carbon markets have emerged as a mechanism to support emission reduction efforts, particularly residual emissions that business leaders can’t eliminate through fundamental changes to their operations. 

The premise of a carbon market is that a unit of GHG/CO2 released through an organization’s core activities can be counteracted (or “offset”) by removing or sequestering an equal amount of GHG from somewhere else in the earth’s atmosphere and that stakeholders should be able to trade these GHG reduction “units” accordingly.

So, emission removal projects are undertaken; they may be natural (like wetland restoration, reforestation, etc.) or mechanical (like carbon capture technologies, green energy infrastructure, etc.). A project is initiated by a project developer and then verified by one of many standards (including Verra[1] and Climate Action Reserve[2]), at which point offset credits are generated according to the estimated amount of emissions that will be eliminated. 

Other stakeholders may then purchase these credits and retire them with a reputable registry, thereby “offsetting” their own emissions. 

If a management team retires enough offset credits to counteract the company’s residual carbon emissions they’re said to be carbon neutral; if they retire enough credits to offset the organization’s entire GHG emission footprint, they’re said to be a net zero emitter.

Who is Making Net Zero & Carbon Neutrality Claims?

There is much public discourse today about climate commitments being made in the corporate world, but for-profit corporations (and the management teams that run them) are not the only stakeholders that can leverage carbon markets to make net zero or carbon neutral pledges. 

Indeed, many NGOs and nonprofits are joining the fight against climate change, and governments (at all levels) are also looking to lead by example in making climate reduction pledges of their own.

Increasingly, many individuals (including celebrities and prominent public figures) are seeking to offset carbon emissions in their own personal lives as well. They often work off estimates of the emissions created by their daily commutes, package deliveries, or their family’s air travel, etc. 

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Elf Executable File Many Zero Bytes


In world of computer programming, an ELF (Executable and Linkable Format) file is a binary file format used in Unix-based operating systems such as Linux, FreeBSD, and Solaris. These files contain executable code and data, which are used to launch programs and libraries. In some cases, however, ELF files may contain many zero bytes. In this article, we will explore why ELF files may contain many zero bytes, their impact on programs, and how to fix this issue.

Why ELF files contain many zero bytes?

Sometimes, sections of an ELF file may contain many zero bytes. This can happen for several reasons −


One reason for many zero bytes in an ELF file is padding. Padding is added to ensure that sections are aligned correctly. This is important for performance reasons since aligned sections can be loaded more efficiently into memory.

Uninitialized variables

Another reason for many zero bytes in an ELF file is uninitialized variables. In C and C++ programming, uninitialized variables are variables that have been declared but have not been given a value. When these variables are stored in an ELF file, they are represented by many zero bytes.

Compiler optimizations

Compiler optimizations can also result in many zero bytes in an ELF file. For example, when a compiler optimizes code, it may remove unnecessary code and data. This can result in sections of ELF file containing many zero bytes.

Impact of many zero bytes in an ELF file

While many zero bytes in an ELF file may not have a direct impact on program’s functionality, they can have an impact on performance. This is because presence of many zero bytes in a file can increase file size, making it take longer to load into memory. This can slow down program’s startup time and make it less responsive to user input.

In addition, presence of many zero bytes in a file can also make it more vulnerable to certain types of attacks. For example, attackers may be able to exploit presence of many zero bytes to execute a buffer overflow attack.

Examples of ELF files with many zero bytes

To illustrate issue of ELF files containing many zero bytes, we can look at some examples. One example is Apache web server, which is used to serve web pages on internet. Apache web server is compiled into an ELF file that contains many zero bytes.

Another example is GNU Compiler Collection (GCC), which is a collection of compilers for various programming languages. When GCC is compiled, it generates an ELF file that also contains many zero bytes.

How to fix ELF files with many zero bytes?

To fix ELF files with many zero bytes, there are several things that can be done. One approach is to use a tool called strip. Strip is a utility that can remove unnecessary information from an ELF file, including many zero bytes. This can significantly reduce size of file and improve performance.

Another approach is to use compiler flags that can optimize code and data generated by compiler. For example, -O flag can enable optimization, while -Os flag can optimize for size. These flags can help reduce number of zero bytes in resulting ELF file.

In addition to using tools mentioned above, there are other strategies that developers can use to reduce number of zero bytes in their ELF files. One approach is to ensure that all variables are initialized with a value. This can be done by initializing variables when they are declared, or by using a function such as memset to set them to a default value. By doing so, resulting ELF file will contain fewer zero bytes, and performance may be improved as a result.

Another strategy is to use a tool called objcopy. Objcopy is a utility that can be used to transform object files from one format to another. For example, objcopy can be used to convert an ELF file to a binary file, which may contain fewer zero bytes. This can be useful in situations where an ELF file is not required, and where resulting binary file will be more efficient.

It is also worth noting that while many zero bytes in an ELF file can have a negative impact on performance and security, this is not always case. In some situations, zero bytes may be required, such as when initializing a data structure or allocating memory. In these cases, it is important to balance need for zero bytes with need for efficient code.


In conclusion, many zero bytes in an ELF file can have a negative impact on performance and security. While issue may not have a direct impact on program’s functionality, it can slow down program’s startup time and make it more vulnerable to certain types of attacks. To fix issue, developers can use tools such as strip or use compiler flags that can optimize code and data generated by compiler. By using these tools, size of ELF file can be reduced, and performance can be improved.

Overall, it is important for developers to be aware of issue of ELF files containing many zero bytes and to take steps to address issue in their code. By doing so, they can improve performance and security of their programs and ensure that they are running as efficiently as possible.

The Difference Between Gross And Net Revenue

Gross revenue is the amount of money a business brings in from sales in a given period, while net revenue is sales minus expenses.

Gross revenue tells you how many sales your business is driving, while net revenue compares your income to your expenses.

Understanding the difference between gross and net revenue is important when filing your taxes. Getting it right on your returns is even more important, as some experts expect more small business tax audits are on the way.

This article is for business owners who want to improve their financial literacy and accounting practices.

In accounting, a company’s gross revenue is its total gross sales over a certain period of time. It’s all of the money the business received, not accounting for any expenses whatsoever. Net revenue, or net income, is equal to a company’s gross revenue minus all of its expenses, including fixed expenses.

It’s important to know the difference between the two, because gross revenue only provides part of your company’s overall picture. You can’t budget based on your company’s gross sales. Net income provides a much more comprehensive view, but it’s hard to interpret without gross revenue for context.

Editor’s note: Looking for the right accounting software for your business? Fill out the below questionnaire to have our vendor partners contact you about your needs.

Key Takeaway

Net revenue measures how much money your company brought in after accounting for all expenses in the same period.

Gross revenue reporting

You’ll report your business’s gross revenue on your income or cash flow statement as top-line revenue. It’s equal to your gross sales – the total amount your company took in over a certain period of time.

Gross revenue doesn’t really have a formula, but this is what it would look like:

Total sales over covered period = Gross revenue

Gross revenue is a relatively easy number to calculate and to report using small business accounting software – it’s just the total money that came into your business during the reporting period (in the form of sales, not capital contributions or loans).

This figure does not take into account any costs you incurred to produce the sales that generated that revenue.

Net revenue reporting

While still quite straightforward, net revenue is slightly more challenging to report because it involves a few more calculations. In accounting, your company’s net revenue is your bottom line – equal to your gross revenue for the reporting period minus all expenses you incurred over the same period.

Here’s the formula for net revenue:

Gross revenue - Cost of goods sold - Overhead - Other variable expenses = Net revenue

You’ll use this formula to calculate how much of your business’s gross income is left over after accounting for all of the company’s expenses. It reflects your company’s total profit over a particular period.

Gross vs. net revenue examples

Consider a retail clothing store that has $250,000 in sales over a particular quarter. That $250,000 is the company’s gross revenue for the quarter.

Beginning with gross revenue, the store’s owner or manager then subtracts the cost of goods sold (the amount the store paid to acquire inventory); the rent for the storefront; utility costs; compensation paid to store employees; expenses for office supplies; payroll, income, sales and excise tax; expenses for office supplies; interest expense for money borrowed to buy inventory; and all its other costs. The amount remaining after all of those items are deducted is the store’s net revenue.

[Related Read: Guide to Financial Management Health for Startup Businesses]

When to use gross vs. net revenue

Gross revenue is extremely helpful for tracking your sales volume and ensuring that your company’s market share is growing and that your salespeople are hitting their goals. However, it provides little insight into your company’s overall profitability.

Net revenue, on the other hand, is great for tracking your profitability and provides considerably more insight than simple gross revenue. But net income also has its limits. For example, as net income fluctuates, you can’t immediately tell why. Without looking at your gross revenue over the same period, you can’t tell whether your business’s net income is changing because of fluctuations in sales or expenses.

Key Takeaway

Gross revenue and net income are both useful to track. You need to know both in order to expand strategically and ensure sufficient cash flow to support operations while growing the bottom line.

Gross vs. net revenue ratios

Gross and net revenue are both regularly used in ratios and other metrics to indicate a company’s financial strength and performance.

Gross profit ratio is one metric that provides key insights as to the profitability of your specific products or services. Also called gross profit margin, gross profit ratio is the percentage of gross sales of a particular product or service that is profit above the cost of producing that good.

Gross profit ÷ Net sales = Gross profit ratio

In this formula, net sales equals your gross sales minus returns minus the cost of goods sold.

Did You Know?

Your gross profit ratio measures the profitability of your specific product lines, answering the question of whether certain products are profitable to make and sell.

Net profit margin, also called return on revenue, is another metric based on your company’s revenue – this time your net revenue.

(Revenue - Cost) ÷ Revenue = Net profit margin

In other words, your net profit margin is your business’s overall profitability, accounting for all fixed expenses and overhead.

How To Get To Inbox Zero In Gmail

Have you ever missed an important email because your inbox was full of previous, unanswered messages? Most people have experienced this and almost everyone knows the distraction of fifty unread emails that demand your attention as soon as you open your inbox in the morning. 

According to studies, workers spend as much as 28 percent of their week reading and answering emails. That’s more than a quarter of your entire time at work. How much more could you accomplish if you didn’t have to handle a constant barrage of emails? 

Table of Contents

What Is Inbox Zero?

Inbox Zero is a concept developed by Merlin Mann, an expert on productivity. Although most people interpret the “zero” in the name to refer to the number of emails a person has, it originally referenced how much time people spend thinking about email. If you have zero emails, you spend almost zero time thinking about them.

This article will walk you through how to keep the number of unread emails in your inbox to an absolute minimum using tools available to you within Gmail, as well as practices you can apply to your workday that will help you tame the swarm of emails you receive throughout the day. 

Email Management Basics

The first step to improving your email productivity is to close your inbox. It might sound counterintuitive, but it is better to give yourself set periods of time to read and respond to emails than to address them as they arrive. Research has shown that deadlines, self-imposed or not, improve efficiency and reduce the time spent on a project.

Set aside five minutes at the start of each hour, or maybe twenty minutes at the start and end of the day, to answer emails. Delete any emails that are clearly spam. If an email requires two minutes or less to answer, respond to it first. 

If an email will require more time to answer, move it to a specially-designated folder.

Using Gmail to Reach Inbox Zero Use Special Stars Set Up Multiple Inboxes and Filters

A new section appears called Multiple inbox sections. You can name up to five custom sections to view alongside your main inbox, although two are filled in by default. One section is for Starred emails, while the other is for drafts. These sections are designated by their search queries, so you will need to learn what each of the special stars is called in order to set aside sections for them.

These are the names of each star:







Yellow-bang (exclamation mark)



Orange-guillemet (fast forward symbol)


Blue-info (lower-case i)

The search query field recognizes different operators, so you can use OR/AND commands to include multiple stars within the same section. Beside the Search query field is the Section name field. Enter the specific name you want the field to be called here.

To achieve Inbox Zero, it’s best to set up a few specific sections:

Needs Action/Reply

Needs Urgent Reply

Awaiting Reply


You can choose to set up a fifth section according to your needs, but these four will handle the most basic tasks. 

Reaching Inbox Zero

Now that you have changed your Gmail settings, it’s time to put everything into action. First, set your filters. Enter the following:

Search querySection namehas: yellow-starNeeds Action/Replyhas: red-starNeeds Urgent Replyhas: blue-infoAwaiting Replyhas: green-checkDelegated

When you receive an email, the first thing you should do is decide whether it requires a response or if you should delete it. If the email is spam or just doesn’t warrant a response, immediately delete it or archive it. 

Choose when you want to respond to your email and focus on working only within those times. By giving yourself deadlines and set periods to handle email, you reduce the amount of time you spend in your inbox so that you can focus on more important tasks. If you choose to deal with it at the start of the hour, focus on responding to any urgent emails first, then handle the rest from there. 

By putting these methods into practice, you can soon attain total control of your inbox. If it is already a mess, set aside half an hour a day to sort through the emails that you already have and determine whether they are important or not. Respond to those that need it, delete those that don’t. 

It might take a bit of time, but filters, designated inboxes, and other tools will help you reach Inbox Zero–and you’ll find what techniques best help you stay there. 

Tristan Tate Net Worth (Age, Height, And More)

Tristan Tate is Andrew Tate’s younger brother, kickboxer, and online personality.

He used to fight for Storm Gym, located on New Bedford Road in Luton.

They offer first-rate facilities and expert coaching to all ages.

Tristan rose to fame after his brother went viral on social media platforms like TikTok and YouTube.

Now, there are several fan pages dedicated to both Tristan and Andrew.

Tristan’s fan page on YouTube, Tristan Tate Tube has 28k subscribers and over 6 million total views.

In this article, you’ll learn what is Tristan Tate’s net worth, how he makes money, his height/age, and more.

What is Tristan Tate’s net worth?

Tristan Tate’s net worth is $50 million.

He owns multiple businesses with his brother including a casino business and an OnlyFans management company.

He and Andrew also own multiple supercars including an Aston Martin DBS Superleggera, BMW M5 Competition, Lamborghini Huracán EVO Spyder, and more.

In addition, his cryptocurrency portfolio is worth millions.

In a podcast with Rich Cooper (Entrepreneurs in Cars), Tristan mentioned that he’d invest $100k or $200k at one go in a cryptocurrency.

He said that he bought bitcoin when it was trading at $3,000 each with the money that he earned from his webcam business.

He also purchased Solana (SOL) when it was trading at $9 each.

The cryptocurrencies that he bought were recommended by people in “The War Room”.

The War Room is a mastermind group created by his brother, Andrew Tate.

He mentioned that they own 27 supercars and the watch he was wearing is a Patek Philippe Nautilus worth $195,000.

In a nutshell, the valuation of his cars, cryptocurrency portfolio, and businesses are tallied to his net worth.

How does Tristan Tate make money?

Tristan Tate makes money primarily from his OnlyFans management company.

He also has a cryptocurrency portfolio that is supposedly worth millions.

In a YMH podcast, Andrew Tate, his brother, mentioned that the management company makes about $200k a month.

This puts the company at a valuation of around $10 million (50x monthly revenue).

It’s also said that Tristan and Andrew share the same bank account.

If that’s the case, their net worths should be quite similar.

However, Andrew runs his own online school, Hustlers University, which has over 100k students.

Before Tristan was rich, he was a professional kickboxer, similar to his brother, Andrew.

However, he mentioned that he didn’t make much money as a kickboxer.

Tristan quoted Andrew in a clip saying that a kickboxer’s income is not sufficient.

This is because there are a lot of fees involved like management fees, other fees, and taxes.

In a podcast with Rich Cooper (Entrepreneurs in Cars), Tristan didn’t disclose the top two biggest things that made him rich.

However, he disclosed that the third largest contribution to his wealth is cryptocurrency.

He also said that his net worth would be half of what it is today if he didn’t invest in cryptocurrency.

How old is Tristan Tate?

Tristan Tate’s age is 33 years old and has a height of 192cm (6 ft 3 in).

He was born on December 14, 1988, in Washington, D.C., USA.

His weight is approximately 92kg (205 pounds).

He has a brother named Andrew Tate and a sister named Janine Tate.

Tristan Tate is Andrew Tate’s younger brother.

He has over 800k followers on Instagram and the YouTube channel that he and his brother run, Tate Confidential, has over 250k subscribers.

Unfortunately, both Tristan and Andrew are banned from Twitter due to their tweets on mental health and women.

Is Tristan Tate a kickboxing champion?

Tristan Tate is a 2-time ISKA (International Sport Karate Association) British kickboxing champion.

His fight name is “Talisman” and he is a fighter for Storm Gym in Luton.

Storm Gym has first-rate facilities and expert coaching for all ages.

According to Storm Gym, Tristan is a war-matching in the ring and in training.

He has a great work ethic and won multiple fights by stoppage.

Andrew said that there are multiple videos of him fighting in the ring and demolishing his opponents.

There is even a kickboxing documentary about him before a big fight.

Tristan also said that there are five or six videos of him on YouTube showcasing his full fights.

However, there are not many recordings of his fights because his kickboxing career started multiple years ago.

At that time, social media platforms like Instagram and YouTube did not exist.

However, their wins were discussed in multiple fighting forums.

When was Tristan Tate in Shipwrecked?

Tristan Tate rose to fame after participating in the channel 4 reality series, “Shipwrecked: The Island” in 2011.

Shipwrecked is a British reality show where 10 people are introduced to each other on an island for 13 weeks.

Since its release on 30 December 1999, there are a total of 127 episodes and 8 seasons.

The island is located deep in the South Pacific and over 12,000 miles from the UK.

The islanders have to build their own shelters and source extra food from the island’s wildlife.

In the first episode of the series, Tristan displayed incredible work ethic, motivation, and intellect.

Further reading

List of Andrew Tate’s Businesses

Who is Andrew Tate’s Father?

Andrew Tate’s Bugatti Color, Price, and More

How Samsung Dct Can Reduce Your Data Center Carbon Footprint

Organizations are building more data centers than ever to meet the needs of a data-driven digital economy. Data center inventory grew 17 percent in 2023 to 3,358 megawatts (MW) of data center capacity across the major North American markets, according to CBRE. But as companies increase their data center capacity, they are also seeking to reduce the environmental impact of their IT infrastructure.

Enterprises can build more sustainable data centers and lower their carbon footprint through multiple approaches, including powering their facilities with renewable energy and using more energy-efficient equipment, or from installing cooling systems and LED lighting. They can also replace hard disk drives (HDDs) with more power-efficient solid state drives (SSDs).

Fighting climate change with greener data centers

Data center operators are increasingly focused on sustainability as a matter of corporate policy to combat climate change. Their customers and employees are demanding it more and more as well. In fact, a recent Deloitte survey of 2,000 C-level executives found that 97 percent of companies have felt the impact of climate change, from operational and supply chain disruptions to increased employee anxiety. Two-thirds of them pledged that their companies will achieve net-zero emissions by 2030.

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Data centers consume a lot of energy. The largest data centers can require more than 100 megawatts of power capacity, which is enough electricity to power 80,000 U.S. households, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. In fact, data centers could produce up to 3.2 percent of all global carbon emissions by 2025, according to one study.

To become more environmentally conscious, executives surveyed by Deloitte said their top strategies are to use more sustainable materials (67 percent), increasing energy efficiency (66 percent) and using energy-efficient or climate-friendly technologies and equipment (57 percent).

Part of the solution is to adopt data center technology (DCT) SSDs, such as the Samsung PM9A3 and PM893, which provide faster performance than old-fashioned HDDs. This makes them ideal for high-performance needs, such as content delivery networks (CDNs), data analytics, artificial intelligence and Internet of Things (IoT) applications. They also operate more efficiently, resulting in reduced power and cooling needs. Here’s how.

How SSDs drive sustainability

SSDs greatly reduce data center carbon emissions because they use less power and require less cooling than HDDs. Since SSDs come in 2.5-inch or M.2 form factors, are smaller drives, and with no moving parts, they consume less energy and produce less heat than 3.5-inch spinning disk drives.

SSDs are also built with less hazardous materials, which makes them more environmentally friendly, according to TechTarget.

Storage consumes 11 percent of the power in a data center, ranking behind cooling systems and servers, both of which account for 43 percent of the power used in data centers, according to the non-profit Aspen Global Change Institute. So reducing energy consumption by migrating from HDDs to SSDs in a data center could make a substantial difference, not just from a storage hardware standpoint but also in reducing cooling needs.

The Samsung family of PM9A3 and PM893 data center SSDs can provide enterprises with multiple benefits. They are faster than HDDs and are a high-performance storage solution for servers. They also operate more efficiently, resulting in reduced power and cooling needs, which in turn reduces their carbon footprint.

Explore Samsung’s full range of award-winning, cutting edge SSDs. And get your free white paper on how SSDs protect sensitive company data with hardware-level data encryption.

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