Trending December 2023 # Viruses Vs Malware : Understanding The Difference # Suggested January 2024 # Top 19 Popular

You are reading the article Viruses Vs Malware : Understanding The Difference updated in December 2023 on the website We hope that the information we have shared is helpful to you. If you find the content interesting and meaningful, please share it with your friends and continue to follow and support us for the latest updates. Suggested January 2024 Viruses Vs Malware : Understanding The Difference

When it comes to computers, it’s always important to have a clear understanding of the difference between viruses and malware. In terms of definition, a virus is simply a type of malware. This means that technically speaking, if you say that your PC has been infected with malware is more accurate than saying it’s been infected with a virus — it just happens that the word “virus” is a more widely adopted term.

Malware can infect desktop computers, tablets, laptops, and mobile devices, no matter the kind of operating system you’re running.

Commonly known malware Viruses

A computer virus is one of the most common and recognizable type of malware. A virus is a set of malicious code that is capable of replicating itself across the network between shared computers, and it’s intended to cause harm to a computer system, such as making your system almost impossible to use and in most cases corrupting system files.

Typically, a virus runs when someone executes an infected program from an email attachment, from a software that was downloaded from an untrusted source, or someone boots from an infected storage device.

Often the end-user won’t know their computer has been infected until the virus kicks in and takes over the machine.


This type of malware can replicate itself, but it’s meant to be more disruptive. Once a worm takes of a system, it will destroy files and information stored on the computer.


This is typically a malware designed to make you think it’s a safe software to gain access to your system. Trojans are usually coded to steal your personal information, such as banking information, sign-in passwords, and various of personal information.

Unlike viruses and worms, Trojans are not known to infect files stored on a computer or spread between computers. They’re generally distributed through email attachments and software download that look legit and safe.


They are also difficult to detect as they can discretely hide inside the victim’s computer. Some spyware, such as keyloggers can be installed on systems to monitor users.

Similar to Trojans, Spyware are also capable of collecting any kind of information, including internet activities, personal information, bank account information, and a lot more.

In addition, Spyware can also disrupt users and control computers by installing unwanted software or redirecting users to unwanted sites. They can also change the computer settings and make an internet connection very slow.


These programs are generally no meant to cause harm to a computer, but they can be extremely annoying, and they can affect user experience and performance.


There are a few other ransomware variants that are more simple. Some ransomware my simply lock a system, which may not be very difficult for a tech-savvy person to get around the malware without having to issue a payment to unlock the system.

Usually attackers will try to deliver a ransomware using a Trojan that disguises the payload as a legitimate file.

Recent and most popular examples of ransomware are CryptoLocker and CryptoWall, both of which have been taken down by authorities.


Rootkit is not defined as a malware, instead it’s a set of malicious software designed with the purpose to enable an unauthorized user to gain control of system without the victim’s knowledge.

Wrapping things up

We depend on our computers and mobile devices to make purchases on the internet, check bank account information, communicate with other people, and much more. On an online world staying protected from malware requires being aware of the threats and having the proper tools to prevent your system from getting infected and block attackers from stealing your information.

When your computer gets infected with high persistent virus or rootkit, remember that you can use Windows Defender to scan your device offline and remove any threats. On Windows 10, you can also use Windows Defender alongside third-party antivirus using the Limited Periodic Scanning feature.

You're reading Viruses Vs Malware : Understanding The Difference

Accountant Vs. Bookkeeper: What’S The Difference?

As your business grows to include more customers, vendors, and employees, keeping track of your finances on your own becomes more challenging.

When your small business’s bookkeeping and accounting tasks are too much to handle by yourself, it’s time to hire help. But do you need a bookkeeper or an accountant? The terms are sometimes used interchangeably, and there can be some overlap in what they do, but there are distinct differences.

Here’s what you need to know to decide which is best for you.

Bookkeeping vs. accounting

Bookkeeping is a transactional and administrative role that handles the day-to-day tasks of recording financial transactions, including purchases, receipts, sales and payments. Accounting is more subjective, providing business owners with financial insights based on information gleaned from their bookkeeping data.

“Bookkeeping is designed to generate data about the activities of an organization,” said D’Arcy Becker, chair and professor in the University of Wisconsin Whitewater Department of Accounting. “Accounting is designed to turn data into information.”

Key Takeaway

Bookkeepers handle the day-to-day tasks of recording financial transactions, while accountants provide insight and analysis of that data and generate accounting reports.

What does a bookkeeper do?

Bookkeeping, in the traditional sense, has been around as long as there has been commerce – since around 2600 B.C. A bookkeeper’s job is to maintain complete records of all money that has come into and gone out of the business. Bookkeepers record daily transactions in a consistent, easy-to-read way. Their records enable accountants to do their jobs.

Editor’s note: Looking for the right accounting software for your business? Fill out the below questionnaire to have our vendor partners contact you about your needs.

These are some typical bookkeeping tasks:

Recording financial transactions

Posting debits and credits

Producing invoices

Managing payroll

Maintaining and balancing ledgers, accounts, and subsidiaries

One of a bookkeeper’s primary duties is maintaining a general ledger, which is a document that records the amounts from sales and expense receipts. Ledgers can vary in complexity from a sheet of paper to specialized bookkeeping software, such as QuickBooks and Xero, to track their entries, debits and credits. [Read our review of QuickBooks and our Xero review to learn more about these tools.]

Each sale and purchase your business conducts must be recorded in the ledger, and some items will need documentation. You can find more information on which transactions require supporting documents on the IRS website.

There are no formal educational requirements to become a bookkeeper, but they must be knowledgeable about financial topics and accounting terms and strive for accuracy. Generally, an accountant or owner oversees a bookkeeper’s work. A bookkeeper is not an accountant, nor should they be considered an accountant.

Key Takeaway

Bookkeepers record financial transactions, post debits and credits, create invoices, manage payroll, and maintain and balance the books.

What credentials does a bookkeeper need?

Bookkeepers aren’t required to be certified to handle the books for their customers or employer, but licensing is available. Both the American Institute of Professional Bookkeepers (AIPB) and the National Association of Certified Public Bookkeepers (NACPB) offer accreditation and licensing to bookkeepers.

AIPB certification requires bookkeepers to have at least two years of full-time work experience and pass a national exam. To maintain the credential, bookkeepers are required to engage in continuing education.

The NACPB offers credentials to bookkeepers who pass tests for small business accounting, small business financial management, bookkeeping and payroll. It also offers a payroll certification, which requires additional education. 

To earn the certified public bookkeeper license, bookkeepers must have 2,000 hours of work experience, pass an exam, and sign a code of conduct. They must take 24 hours of continuing education each year to maintain their license. 

A bookkeeper with professional certification shows they are committed to the trade, possess the skills and expertise required, and are willing to continue learning new methods and techniques.

Key Takeaway

Bookkeepers aren’t required to be licensed or have certifications, but accreditation and licensing are available from the AIPB and NACPB.

What does a bookkeeper charge?

The salary or rates you’ll pay a bookkeeper depend on your business and its bookkeeping needs. Three main factors affect your costs: the services you want, the expertise you need, and your local market.

Services: The bookkeeping services your business needs and the amount of time it takes weekly or monthly to complete them affect how much it costs to hire a bookkeeper. If you need someone to come to the office once a month to reconcile the books, it will cost less than if you need to hire someone full-time to handle your day-to-day operations. Once you know what tasks you need the bookkeeper to do, estimate how long it will take to complete those tasks. Based on that calculation, decide if you need to hire someone full-time, part-time or on a project basis.

Expertise: If you have complex books or are bringing in a lot of sales, hire a certified or licensed bookkeeper. An experienced bookkeeper can give you peace of mind and confidence that your finances are in good hands, but they will also cost you more.

Local market: Your business’s location can also influence how much you pay for a bookkeeper. If you live in a high-wage state like New York, you’ll pay more for a bookkeeper than you would in South Dakota. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the national average salary for bookkeepers in 2023 was $42,410, or $20.39 per hour.

Key Takeaway

The rate a bookkeeper charges is based on various factors, including how much work you need done, the level of expertise you are seeking, and the state in which you do business.

Lower cost: Bookkeepers typically charge lower fees for their services than accountants. The specific amount varies based on the amount of filing and documentation you need.

Did You Know?

CPAs have passed the Uniform CPA Exam – a challenging exam that tests knowledge of tax laws and standard accounting practices.

Are bookkeepers accountants?

Accountants generally must have a degree in accounting or finance to earn the title. They may then pursue additional certifications, like the CPA. Accountants may also hold the position of bookkeeper.

However, if your accountant does your bookkeeping, you may be paying more than you should for this service, wrote Bryce Warnes in a Bench blog post, as you pay more per hour for an accountant than a bookkeeper. 

Key Takeaway

Accountants verify and analyze data, generate reports, spot trends, and provide business owners with insights from their financials.

Key Takeaway

Accountants can receive several types of credentials. Each certification or designation allows them to provide a specific set of services to businesses.

Expertise: Accountants are required to complete more schooling, certifications and work experience than bookkeepers. Accountants often bring much more valuable expertise to areas like taxes and investments.


Check out our reviews of the best accounting software for small businesses so you can create invoices, record payments, collect receivables and run reports that help you manage your financial health.

You’re spending too much time on accounting. If you’re spending so much time taking care of accounting tasks that you’re not able to work on growing your business or keeping existing customers happy, you’re doing your enterprise a disservice. You may make more money long-term if you leave the accounting to the experts and focus on your growth prospects.

Your business is experiencing growth. Doing your accounting yourself may be fine when your business is small, but if your business is in growth mode, it may be time to bring in someone to help. You could start by contracting with a bookkeeper who balances the books once a month and a CPA who handles your taxes. Then, as your bookkeeping needs increase, bring someone on staff.

Whether you hire an accountant, a bookkeeper, or both, ensure they’re qualified by asking for client references, checking for certifications, or performing screening tests.

Shayna Waltower, Kiely Kuligowski and Lori Fairbanks contributed to the writing and reporting in this article. Source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article.

Agile Vs Waterfall – Difference Between Methodologies

Key Difference Between Waterfall and Agile

Waterfall is a Linear Sequential Life Cycle Model, whereas Agile is a continuous iteration of development and testing in the software development process.

In Agile vs Waterfall difference, the Agile methodology is known for its flexibility, whereas Waterfall is a structured software development methodology.

Comparing the Waterfall methodology vs Agile, which follows an incremental approach, whereas the Waterfall is a sequential design process.

Agile performs testing concurrently with software development, whereas in Waterfall methodology, testing comes after the “Build” phase.

Agile allows changes in project development requirements, whereas Waterfall has no scope of changing the requirements once the project development starts.

What is Waterfall methodology?

Waterfall Model methodology which is also known as Linear Sequential Life Cycle Model. Waterfall Model followed in the sequential order, and so project development team only moves to next phase of development or testing if the previous step completed successfully.

What is the Agile methodology?

Agile methodology is a practice that helps continuous iteration of development and testing in the software development process. In this model, development and testing activities are concurrent, unlike the Waterfall model. This process allows more communication between customers, developers, managers, and testers.

Advantages of Waterfall Model:

It is one the easiest model to manage. Because of its nature, each phase has specific deliverables and a review process.

It works well for smaller size projects where requirements are easily understandable.

Faster delivery of the project

Process and results are well documented.

Easily adaptable method for shifting teams

This project management methodology is beneficial to manage dependencies.

Advantages of the Agile Model:

It is focused client process. So, it makes sure that the client is continuously involved during every stage.

Agile teams are extremely motivated and self-organized so it likely to provide a better result from the development projects.

Agile software development method assures that quality of the development is maintained

The process is completely based on the incremental progress. Therefore, the client and team know exactly what is complete and what is not. This reduces risk in the development process.

Limitations of Waterfall Model:

It is not an ideal model for a large size project

If the requirement is not clear at the beginning, it is a less effective method.

Very difficult to move back to makes changes in the previous phases.

The testing process starts once development is over. Hence, it has high chances of bugs to be found later in development where they are expensive to fix.

Limitations of Agile Model

It is not useful method for small development projects.

It requires an expert to take important decisions in the meeting.

Cost of implementing an agile method is little more compared to other development methodologies.

The project can easily go off track if the project manager is not clear what outcome he/she wants.

Difference between Agile and Waterfall Methodologies

Below is a difference between Agile and Waterfall methodologies:

Agile Waterfall

It separates the project development lifecycle into sprints. Software development process is divided into distinct phases.

It follows an incremental approach Waterfall methodology is a sequential design process.

Agile methodology is known for its flexibility. Waterfall is a structured software development methodology so most times it can be quite rigid.

Agile can be considered as a collection of many different projects. Software development will be completed as one single project.

Agile is quite a flexible method which allows changes to be made in the project development requirements even if the initial planning has been completed. There is no scope of changing the requirements once the project development starts.

Agile methodology, follow an iterative development approach because of this planning, development, prototyping and other software development phases may appear more than once. All the project development phases like designing, development, testing, etc. are completed once in the Waterfall model.

Test plan is reviewed after each sprint The test plan is rarely discussed during the test phase.

Agile development is a process in which the requirements are expected to change and evolve. The method is ideal for projects which have definite requirements and changes not at all expected.

In Agile methodology, testing is performed concurrently with software development. In this methodology, the “Testing” phase comes after the “Build” phase

Agile introduces a product mindset where the software product satisfies needs of its end customers and changes itself as per the customer’s demands. This model shows a project mindset and places its focus completely on accomplishing the project.

Agile methdology works exceptionally well with Time & Materials or non-fixed funding. It may increase stress in fixed-price scenarios. Reduces risk in the firm fixed price contracts by getting risk agreement at the beginning of the process.

Prefers small but dedicated teams with a high degree of coordination and synchronization. Team coordination/synchronization is very limited.

Products owner with team prepares requirements just about every day during a project. Business analysis prepares requirements before the beginning of the project.

Test team can take part in the requirements change without problems. It is difficult for the test to initiate any change in requirements.

Description of project details can be altered anytime during the SDLC process. Detail description needs to implement waterfall software development approach.

The Agile Team members are interchangeable, as a result, they work faster. There is also no need for project managers because the projects are managed by the entire team In the waterfall method, the process is always straightforward so, project manager plays an essential role during every stage of SDLC.

Emulator Vs Simulator – Difference Between Them

Key Difference between Emulator and Simulator

Emulators are written in machine-level assembly languages, whereas Simulators are written in high-level languages.

Emulators are more suitable when it comes to debugging purposes, while simulators can be difficult in terms of debugging purposes.

An emulator comes as a complete re-implementation of the original software, whereas A simulator is just a partial re-implementation of the original software.

Both Emulators and Simulators are virtual devices. A virtual device is not the real phone but a software which gives the same functionality as the real phone (except a few functionality like the camera).

What is Real Testing Device?

Testing on a real device allows you to run your mobile applications and checks its functionality. Real device Testing assures you that your application will work smoothly in customer handsets.

What is Emulator?

An emulator is a software program that allows your mobile to imitate the features of another computer or mobile software you want them to imitate by installing them to your computer or Mobile.

Difference between Simulator and Emulator Testing

Here are the main difference between Simulator and Emulator Testing

The simulator-based testing The emulator based testing

Simulator’s objective is to simulate the internal state of an object as close as possible to the internal state of an object. The emulator aims at emulating or mimicking as close as possible the outer behavior of an object

Simulators are preferable whenever the testing team needs to test the mobile’s internal behavior like its internal hardware, firmware, and so forth. Emulators are preferable whenever the testing team needs to test the mobile’s external behavior like calculating, making transactions, and so forth.

Simulators are written in high-level languages. Emulators are written in machine-level assembly languages.

The simulators can be difficult in terms of debugging purpose. Emulators are more suitable when it comes to debugging purpose

A simulator is just a partial re-implementation of the original software. Often an emulator comes as a complete re-implementation of the original software.

Advantages of Real Device and Emulator/Simulator based testing

Issue Emulator Testing Real Device Testing

Situation-based application There are specific situations where the deadline to produce text execution results are short, and purchasing the required mobile devices maybe not possible. Thereby it might be necessary to use the emulator/simulator in these circumstances for testing the relevant mobile applications which need to be tested. The real device allows the testers to test almost all the real time scenarios which can be tested for the mobile applications. These devices are operated using fingers and simulate real-life usage. They also help in situation Real context: is it easy to use the app on the train, or while walking down the street? The situation about in bright sunlight or in the rain?

Feeling of closeness towards the real handheld devices The wide gamut of mobile devices creates problems, whereby the testers are not confident about which mobile devices to invest in for testing, considering the budget constraints. Emulator/simulator (s) is tailor-made for this type of situation(s). The real device allows the testers to test even usability issues like the look and feel of the application, color resolution of the screen, whether the picture is bright or not under both day and night conditions and so on.

Ease of availability Emulator/simulator(s) are in most cases open and free software which can be very easily downloaded from the Internet and ready to be tested for. The real devices allow stringent Performance Testing issues like working with a real time transport application for 15 hours continuously, which cannot be successfully simulated by the emulators.

Ease of opening a Web application through URL It is easier to do web application testing when it comes to opening the web application. The user just needs to copy and paste the application URL. Testing on real devices provides more in terms of reliability.

Capturing screenshots of the situations where defects appear Capturing issue of screenshots over simulator is very easy with the simulator since we just need to use Microsoft office facilities. Testing with real-world devices is very helpful in terms of interoperability testing.

Simulation of validation of battery scenarios The emulator/simulators are not able to simulate the battery issues. Real-world devices can easily perform the same.

Validation of incoming interrupts The emulator/simulators are not able to simulate the incoming interrupts for SMS as well as the incoming calls. Real-world devices can easily simulate incoming interrupts.

Validation of exact color displays The emulator/simulator is not able to properly emulate/simulate the exact color display of the devices when the real device is in sunlight or in black. Real world devices can easily simulate the exact color displays.

Validation of the performance The performance of the emulator/simulator tends to be slower than the original devices at times. The original devices tend to perform faster than the emulator or the simulators.

Simulating memory related issues The memory available at the emulator/simulator tends to be far more than the real devices so this may create misconception for the users who would be using the same validations. The memory storage level of the devices tend to be far less than the emulators thus it may

Emulators/ Simulators Real Device

The emulator/simulator is not always the best type of solution for scenarios such as the ones whereby the testing team needs to validate the performance of the application for a longer period of time. The real devices are costly compared to the emulator/simulators. Thereby projects under budget and timeline constraints may risk profitability as well as the viability of the overall project.

The emulator/simulator is suitable mostly for certain types of functional test case executions. There is a very wide variety of mobile devices from Apple to Samsung to android and to Symbian, and so on. Considering this wide range of mobile devices, it is very hard for the testing team to arrange all sorts of mobile devices while working under a considerable amount of budget and timeline related constraints.

The emulator/simulator can sometimes not be supportive of certain types of application and in these cases, the testing team may need to purchase software patches which may not always be free but could be costly at times. Real Mobile devices when used in the developing stage for Unit Testing and similar purposes could turn out to be harder to connect to the IDE than the emulators, and this causes tremendous problems for debugging, and in a project, with timeline constraints, this may very well hamper the overall conclusion of the project.

Not all the emulator/simulator supports the complete gamut of mobile applications. For example, the bada simulator supports the Maemo (such as Nokia N900), Symbian Touch (such as Nokia N8) and Symbian non-touch (such as Nokia E71) but it does not support other mobile devices like Android. As per the application testing functionalities are concerned, bada does not support direct web browsing testing, but it allows the user to test and create only webapps and widgets. In order to test with the real world devices, the devices need to be always connected to the USB port of the machines. So if the USB ports are not working properly, the testing would not be possible. Without providing adequate security measures mobile devices (if they happen to be costly like the Apple iPhone) may be lost or stolen, thus hampering the overall effort. Increasing security may also go on to increase the overall expenditure involved with the project.

Emulator vs Simulator vs Real Device Testing: Conclusion

Considering the significant role the mobile applications plays, nowadays, in our day to day life, testing of these applications are going to evolve, and thus they require a lot of testing to make them work as required. Testing in both the simulator/emulator as well as the real-world devices is necessary to maintain strong standards and quality assurance.

Careful deliberation of both the pros and cons of mobile emulators and real devices, it would be worthwhile to reach at the conclusion that the optimal mobile testing solution for enterprises is neither putting all the eggs into the basket of the real devices nor putting them into the emulator but rather what we need is an optimum combination of both.

Emulators can be considered as very suitable for the initial stages of application development.

However, to avoid the costly scenario of releasing a business-critical application with defects, enterprises need to ensure that they perform the major part of their mobile testing on real devices before the application goes into production.

Each organization needs to strategize and plan carefully to determine at what stage to introduce real devices. They also need to decide how many devices are sufficient to cover market needs, and what could be the best possible option to adopt for managing those devices.

Best practices would indicate that actual development should use emulators (and a few reference real handsets) in order to speed up the debugging of the application during the coding phase, while sanity, Smoke Testing, performance, interoperability, and network feasibility and Regression Testing should be done on real handsets.

It is also an emerging practice to ensure that the developers use the emulator for fast execution during the development phase whereas then the testing team should test with the real device during the testing phase in order to ensure overall Quality Assurance goals and targets. To save on cost, they can consider using Virtual Mobile Testing tools. These services offer developer to test their application on a wide variety of handsets using different mobile networks geographically located throughout the world (useful for applications using GPS). Such services are offered on an hourly basis and are very cost-effective compared to buying new phones.

Viruses Learn How To Im

We’ve been writing frequently about the growing interest in IM bots, or interactive agents. In a corporate environment, an IM bot can interface with a backend database to provide information in response to a natural-language or text-based menu query — perfect for memory-limited mobile devices or for simplifying routine tasks, like corporate directory lookups.

On the consumer side, IM bots are being explored as a way to promote goods and provide ad-supported content (as Dow Jones is doing with its recent WSJonline launch.) Other companies, like ActiveBuddy, are looking to sell instant messaging-based information-services to consumers.

But there’s a more sinister sphere of innovation taking place within the realm of IM bots: malicious Internet viruses.

Witness the recent Fizzer worm, which is only now thought to be dying out after close to a week of rampant spreading.

Essentially, Fizzer works like a host of other worms, spreading as an e-mail attachment sent to random addresses, and addresses culled from Outlook Contacts and Windows Address Books on infected PCs. Once running, however, the worm acts as an IM bot to cause its mischief.

The bot attempts to connect to the AOL Instant Messenger network, as well as the venerable Internet Relay Chat network. On both networks, the worm seeks to make itself available to receive commands from its creator.

To connect to IRC, the worm scans through a built-in list of IRC channels, pinging each one to check whether it’s available. Once the worm has found an open channel, it connects using a random username. The worm also can automatically register a new, random AOL Instant Messenger username. It next attempts to log into AIM, using port 5190. Once online, it then joins a particular chat session.

In both cases, the hacker — who would be monitoring IRC channels and AIM chatrooms — can then see that the worm has successfully infected a PC. The hacker is then free to begin sending commands to the bot, including orders to transmit or delete files.

“Fizzer, which does a number of things — it’s a very creative little worm, — creates it own account, and that account attaches to a chat room on the Internet,” said David Loomstein, group product manager at Symantec Security Response. “So [hackers] know anyone on that chat room is infected with the virus — and they use that chatroom as a backdoor to do hacking on the infected machine.”

Similarly, the worm also runs an HTTP server on port 81, which acts as a command console. An outside party can then query the system for system information, like information on the user’s current version of mIRC and AIM. It also allows the hacker to launch AIM and IRC bot commands, as well as more immediately threatening actions, like a Denial of Service attack.

The worm is reminiscent of the AIM-Canbot worm that appeared, briefly, in April. That worm also creates its own AIM username and logs into a chat session, sending the message “aimb0t reporting for duty…” to alert malicious hackers to the fact that an infected PC is able to be hacked.

However, the AIM-Canbot is spread manually, rather than automatically.

An IRC-reliant virus in April, dubbed Aphex/Aplore, could surreptitiously install a freeware IRC client on a user’s PC — and then begins spamming IRC channels with links to Web pages with viral code. It also could use AIM — waiting until users connected to the service before using the IM client to send links for infectious Web pages to Buddies.

AIM and IRC aren’t the only IM and chat networks susceptible to chúng tôi February, the Menger/Coolnow worm used a security vulnerability in Microsoft Internet Explorer to gain control of a user’s MSN Messenger IM client.

But the Fizzer, AIM-Canbot, and Aphex/Aplore worms are some of the first examples in which a virus creates its own instant messaging identity and tries to connect with its creator — rather than wresting control of a user’s own IM username.

“There are several viruses that communicate using IRC or using the messenger programs, but I haven’t found anything yet that does create a new [AIM] account,” Loomstein said. “This is indeed an interesting wrinkle.”

Patches for the viruses have been released by the major anti-virus firms.

In the case of Fizzer, white hat hackers played a role in slowing the worm, when they undermined a tool the virus used to update itself. Since the worm connects to a geocities user page to download updates to its code, the hackers took control of the Web page and replaced the virus’ content with benign content.

While destructive, the trend toward viruses with an IM bot component could serve as additional ammunition for firms that market tools to secure public instant messaging, and for standalone enterprise IM vendors as well. That’s as companies are increasingly looking to assert control over IM’s often-surprising ubiquity in the workplace.

“IM is definitely a part of the equation now … It’s a new frontier that’s being exploited” by hackers, Loomstein said.

Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro Vs Galaxy Buds 2: What’S The Difference?

Samsung’s catalog contains both Pro and non-Pro versions of the Galaxy Buds 2, but these earbuds have a lot in common. It might seem like Samsung is competing against itself. As it turns out, the Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro and Galaxy Buds 2 have a few key differences despite the confusingly similar names. We’ll compare these Galaxy Buds to find out which earbuds make the most sense for you.

Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro vs Galaxy Buds 2: At a glance

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro are $80 more expensive than the Galaxy Buds 2.

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro earbuds have an IPX7 rating, while the Galaxy Buds 2 have an IPX2 water-resistance rating.

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro support 360 Audio with head tracking, while the Galaxy Buds 2 lack head tracking.

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 will sound better to most listeners out of the box than the Galaxy Buds 2 Pro.

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 and Buds 2 Pro share the same overall shape and design. Both are small, roughly oval earbuds with silicone ear tips. The Buds 2 have a slightly more pronounced stem compared to the Pro model. Some may feel the glossy finish looks cheaper, but it’s less of a dust magnet than the matte finish of the Buds 2 Pro.

Samsung says the Galaxy Buds 2 Pro are 15% smaller than the original Galaxy Buds Pro, and they have better airflow. Just like the Buds Pro, the Buds 2 Pro have an IPX7 rating. In addition to surviving your sweaty workouts, these Galaxy Buds may survive a plunge into water for up to 30 minutes. The Buds 2, in contrast, only have an IPX2 rating, meaning they can only deal with some light spraying water. Neither charging case is water resistant.

The Buds 2 Pro abandon all shiny surfaces and, in turn, are a bit easier to grip.

The jewelry box-inspired charging cases work identically with the earbuds. You can charge them with a USB-C cable or on top of a Qi wireless mat. Samsung phone owners can even charge the Galaxy Buds cases on top of their devices with Wireless PowerShare. You need to enable this from your device before setting the case on top of it.

Both of these are Samsung earbuds and hence are designed to work best with Samsung Galaxy devices. Don’t let that scare you off, though: these are still great earbuds for Android phones. You’ll just miss out on a few features here and there, like auto device switching, spatial audio and head tracking, and Samsung’s proprietary audio codecs.

Apps: Samsung Galaxy Wearable and SmartThings

The Samsung Galaxy Wearable app (Android) is where all of the magic happens. Here, you can customize the touch controls and choose your favorite EQ presets. From the app, you can also turn on ambient mode and enable Gaming Mode for lower latency. An ear tip test is also available for both models and does a pretty good job of determining how well the buds fit inside your ears. You’ll also want the app to enable 360 Audio from a Samsung device.

On the Galaxy Buds 2 Pro, SmartThings Find will let you know if you leave your buds behind, even if they’re offline. This app is pre-installed on your Samsung phone.

Samsung 360 Audio features

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

You can experience Samsung 360 Audio from the Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro and Buds 2, but only the Pro earbuds have head tracking. Why does this matter? Well, if you don’t care about spatial audio it doesn’t. However, if you’re a big TV or movie watcher, 360 Audio can really enhance your experience. Just make sure you’re viewing Dobly Atmos content from a compatible service like Disney Plus or HBO Max.

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro have another trick up their sleeve: 360 Audio recording. When paired with a Samsung phone that supports LE Audio and runs One UI 5.0+, the Galaxy Buds 2 Pro mics will record 360 Audio sound. This makes it easier than ever for creators to play around with immersive audio.


Both the Galaxy Buds 2 Pro and the Galaxy Buds 2 feature multifunctional touch controls. You can assign certain taps and tap-and-hold actions to modify the noise-cancelling settings or access your preferred smart assistant. When paired to a Samsung phone, just say “Hey, Bixby” to check the weather or send a text.

The Galaxy Buds 2 touch panels are far too sensitive compared to the Buds 2 Pro.

Samsung’s buds have highly sensitive touch panels, and the Buds 2 Pro are the first earbuds to remedy this issue. Yes, that means the Buds 2 will register minor fit adjustments as touch commands, resulting in many accidentally skipped or paused songs.


Sound quality

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro sound very good, but are a bit bassy. The chart to the left depicts the Buds 2 Pro’s frequency response in cyan with the SoundGuys Target Curve for reference in pink. SoundGuys, for those not already in the loop, is our audio-focused sister site. Most people won’t mind the extra sub-bass, but it could make it hard to hear vocals during some hip-hop and rap songs.

Both earbuds sound great, but the Buds 2 Pro are a bit bassier than the Buds 2.

The chart on the right depicts the Galaxy Buds 2 frequency response in cyan, and it hews a bit closer to the Target Curve than the Buds 2 Pro. Most general consumers won’t hear a difference unless you prompt them to listen really hard. Suffice it to say, both sets of buds sound very good. If you don’t like the default sound and want to mix it up a bit, you can experiment with Samsung’s numerous EQ presets in the Galaxy Wearable app.

Bluetooth codecs

Regarding Bluetooth codecs, you get AAC and SBC support when connecting to most devices. Samsung Galaxy phone owners can use the Samsung Scalable Codec with the Buds 2 or the Samsung Seamless Codec with the Buds 2 Pro. The Buds 2 Pro support 24-bit audio playback, and the Buds 2 support 24-bit audio playback with UHQ upscaling. We suspect the former isn’t lossless 24-bit because of Bluetooth’s bandwidth limitations.

Galaxy Buds 2 Pro, ANC on: Four hours, 50 minutes.

Galaxy Buds 2, ANC on: Five hours, three minutes.

The earbuds on both models are rated at around 61mAh, but the Buds 2 charging case is 472mAh, while the Buds 2 Pro charging case is 512mAh, so there will be a slight difference in longevity. Both earbud models let you use wireless Qi charging, Samsung PowerShare, or USB-C to top up the case and buds.

Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro:

Lightning: $129

Samsung Galaxy Buds 2:

Lightning charging case: $169

MagSafe charging case: $179

The Galaxy Buds 2 originally launched at $149.99; these days, you can get them for around $75-$100. They come in White, Graphite, Olive, Lavender, and Phantom Black.

The Galaxy Buds 2 Pro launched with a $229.99 MSRP, but we’ve seen them go as low as about $180. You can snag them in White, Graphite, or Bora Purple.

Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro vs Galaxy Buds 2: Which should you buy?

The Galaxy Buds 2 Pro offer some welcome refinements to Samsung’s earbuds line, and overall they make for a good pick for most people. Any old Android phone owner can enjoy the great ANC and EQ presets from the Buds 2 Pro. Of course, if you want 360 Audio with head tracking or recording capabilities, you’ll need to pair them with a new Samsung phone. Ultimately, these are premier audio wearables, and the price reflects that.

Budget buyers may want to sidestep the Buds 2 pro and get the Galaxy Buds 2 instead. These can be found for less than $100, making them a far better deal than the Pro option. You still get very good noise-cancelling and great sound quality no matter what kind of Android phone you use.

Which earbuds do you prefer?

148 votes

First, make sure your device runs One UI 5.o or above, and that it supports LE Audio. Then, follow these directions:

Open your Samsung phone’s camera app.

Tap the settings cog in the top left corner.

Tap Advanced video quality.

Toggle 360 audio recording on.

Start recording video while wearing your Galaxy Buds 2 Pro.

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 have a $149.99 MSRP. The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro launched with a $229.99 MSRP. That said, both can now be found cheaper most of the time.

The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 launched on August 27, 2023. Meanwhile, the Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 Pro launched in 2023, on August 26th.

Technically, and considering the features, yes. That said, everything is relative to your needs and wants. The Samsung Galaxy Buds 2 are still great headphones at a much lower price point. You should also take a look at our list of the best true wireless headphones to see other options.

Yes! Both Galaxy Buds 2 models will work just fine as regular Bluetooth headphones. They’ll work with any device over Bluetooth. That said, some features are exclusive to Samsung handsets.

Update the detailed information about Viruses Vs Malware : Understanding The Difference on the website. We hope the article's content will meet your needs, and we will regularly update the information to provide you with the fastest and most accurate information. Have a great day!