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Apple yesterday announced a $300 coffee table photo book, titled “Designed by Apple in California”, which chronicles 20 years of iconic product designs. Jony Ive, Apple’s Chief Design Officer, discussed the photo book with chúng tôi and Japanese design firm Casa Brutus.

The Casa Brutus interview is accompanied by a rare video which offers a unique glimpse into Apple’s secretive Industrial Design Studio, showing designers at work creating prototypes of Macs, iPhones and other items.

Want to take a peek at how the sausage is made? This is your chance!

The Jony Ive-narrated clip explains how Apple’s designers nurture ideas.

One of the things that we’ve learned is the importance of listening. Because as we all know, the very best ideas can very often come from the quietest voice. Ideas are extremely fragile. Ideas are not predictable in terms of when you’ll have them and how many you are going to have.

And so over the years, we’ve really created at team and an environment that I think really increases the probability of good ideas and when they actually arrive I think nurtures them.

And here’s the video.

The opening shot of Highway 280, running between San Francisco and Cupertino, where Apple is headquartered, is there for a reason: Ive wrecked his Aston Martin a few years back driving home on the 280.

More important than that, the footage shows off Apple’s expensive prototyping machinery and designers who can be seen pouring over product prototypes and sketching future product ideas. For those wondering, they prefer hardbound Cachet sketchbooks by Daler-Rowney, a small U.K. company.

Other scenes show designers using workstations equipped with iMacs and Mac Pros.

In addition the expensive CNC milling machines, we see a well-equipped shop where prototypes are being built, product presentation tables, the CAD room where they create 3D models of prototypes, the so-called “dirty shop” sealed behind glass, the workshop, the paint spraying booth, the color studio and more.

Apple’s tight-knit design shop counts about two-dozen employees. “We’re a small design team who have worked together for 20, 25 years,” Ive says in the video.

One of the scenes shows veteran Apple designers Peter Russell-Clarke and Daniele de Iuliis checking out the parts of a unibody MacBook, as well as Richard Howarth who was named the new head of the Industrial Design Studio after Ive got promoted to Chief Design Officer.

Fun fact: nearly all of the chairs in the design studio are Supporto Chairs from a British company called Hille International. Hungry for more? Check out last year’s 60 Minute episode that went inside Ive’s design bunker at Apple’s Cupertino headquarters.

“This archive is intended to be a gentle gathering of many of the products the team has designed over the years”, Ive said of the new photo book.

“We hope it brings some understanding to how and why they exist, while serving as a resource for students of all design disciplines.”

For those interested, Apple’s product design photo book is now available to purchase through Apple․com in Australia, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, the United Kingdom and the United States.

The book is priced at $199 for the small version (10.20″ x 12.75″) and $299 for the larger variant (13″ x 16.25″). Both sizes ship in one business day.

Some folks are balking at these prices, but this is no ordinary “book”.

In case you didn’t know, high-end coffee table books cost hundreds of dollars. The James Bond Archives photo book from Taschen is a $200 value while the collector’s edition version of The Making of Stanley Kubrick’s “2001: A Space Odyssey” originally sold for a whopping $1,250.

As Brian Fagioli of BetaNews put it succinctly, this is not some book you will bring into the bathroom to read on the toilet.

“It is intended to be a collectible piece of art,” he wrote. “You don’t evaluate the value of a Picasso painting by adding up the cost of the ink and canvas. This is a collection of Andrew Zuckerman photographs meant to be appreciated beyond raw materials.”

If you think $200 is too high a price to pay for Apple’s book, you probably haven’t bought a photo book before. Besides, how much is your average college textbook?

Source: Casa Brutus

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Creating Diversity In Your It Staff

Can your IT operations be at their peak without diversity?

Compared to other industries, IT’s record with race-bias lawsuits might

not be the worst, but if CIOs aren’t tracking diversity, their IT

All things being equal in terms of skills and abilities, IT staffs that

are racially, nationally, and gender diverse build better software and

attract more customers than non-diverse organizations.

So why don’t more CIOs make diversity planning a higher priority for

their technology organizations?

It could be the belief that IT organizations don’t discriminate much on

the basis of racial lines. Data from a U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity

Commission (EEOC) investigation released in 2002 found that IT

organizations don’t suffer much from racial bias. Only 2 percent of

race-based complaints to the EEOC were from technology companies.

However, it also could be the belief that IT workers spend more time

communing with their computer screens than they do with their colleagues,

making talent the fundamental basis for staffing and salary decisions.

Whatever the reasoning, say experts, CIOs shouldn’t pay attention to

diversity simply out of fear of a racial-bias lawsuit — such as the $5

billion case brought against Microsoft in 2001 by some of its

African-American workers. CIOs, obviously should never discriminate, but

they also should pay attention to diversity because it makes them more


”It’s really hard to find a non-diverse environment that survives,”

says Hamid Alipour, vice president of Technology and Systems at New

York-based ESPN Mobile, which brings ESPN’s content to mobile devices.

That’s because a diverse IT group draws from more cultural perspectives

in creating software to serve an increasingly diverse marketplace.

”It’s definitely very critical… Just imagine if you are all white male

Americans and you were to [focus on] a one-dimensional kind of IT,

serving perhaps that very category or class of society that we have

recruited from,” adds Alipour.

In ESPN’s case, having such a homogenous workplace could turn off

millions of customers. The company has viewers from different races and

nationalities in more than 60 countries with 90 million viewers in the

U.S. alone. Many of ESPN’s viewers (and mobile device users) are

Hispanic and African American, says Alipour. So Alipour wants a diverse

IT group in order to design better user interfaces, for instance, that

will appeal to a demographically diverse audience.

Recognizing the importance of a multi-cultural workplace goes beyond just

corporate America.

Technology membership organizations such as Black Data Processing

Associates (BDPA) and the IEEE-USA are working for diversity because, in

a general sense, many IT shops don’t have the data to support that

they’re doing anything at all about diversity.

”Every company has given good lip service to the idea that diversity is

important,” says Wayne Hicks, BDPA national president, and president and

CEO of Cincinnati Business Incubator. ”What (the BDPA) is hoping is that

companies will recognize that we don’t think your company can be

successful moving into the 21st century if you don’t have this as part of

your culture.”

In IEEE’s case the Washington, D.C.-based organization wants to foster

diversity in corporate America and among its membership.

”Representation of blacks in the IEEE membership is in the single

digits, and in most engineering societies, it’s pretty low,” says Pender

M. McCarter, director of communications and public relations at IEEE-USA.

McCarter works on career and technology enhancement policy for the IEEE,

the world’s largest technology association, and also sits on the

diversity committee of the American Association of Engineering Societies.

What can CIOs do to improve diversity?

”[CIOs] don’t need permission from anyone to [take charge of diversity].

They are in control of their IT operations, including their IT

workforce,” says Hicks. Take leadership and make the managers within the

IT department accountable for creating a diverse workforce.

Create metrics that track diversity. The top five best practices that

encourage diversity, according to a National Urban League Study called

Diversity Practices that Work, conducted by Global Lead Management

Consulting of Baltimore, are:

Market to diverse customers and consumers;

Retain diverse talent;

Recruit diverse talent;

Make sure leadership is committed and involved, and

Why Web Designers Should Resort To Cross

The creation of a web theme that is unique and “infallible” is often challenging for any web designer. Even something simple can be a nightmare, as pages can appear differently in distinct browsers and devices. This is why testing designs before unleashing them to the World Wide Web is important, and why cross-browser testing is essential for web designers these days.

Today we see an increase in the amount of available operating systems and browsers to choose from. Unfortunately, what looks good on one device and browser may not look good in other. To have a successful web theme or a website, it is very important to make your designs look good in all the browsers.

Start Verifying From Day One

Starting the design of a website on a single browser can lead to problems farther down in the development cycle. It is possible that, when viewing the site on another browser, issues and bugs will arise. Solving all of them is hard, because each browser is different.

In order to solve this problem, it is essential to verify the website’s structure on all browsers, starting from day one. This will assure that, on each step of the way, the structure works on all browsers. By itself, this eliminates a big chunk of the possible problems altogether.

Looks, Responsiveness and Performance Are Essential

Nothing destroys a website’s professionalism quicker than a poor performance in a browser. Making it work in the browser of a specific OS may impress its users, but that is worthless if the website fails in other browsers. A website that is unable to maintain the same basic layout on all devices is amateurish and unpleasant for visitors.

Fine-tuning a layout to look great on desktop and mobile browsers alike is not easy, but it must be done. In a time where most web browsing is made on mobile devices (vs desktop computers), responsive design is essential. Not doing so will undermine the possibilities of widespread acceptance, missing a huge market.

A web design that is not properly tested will lead to issues – loading times are a great example. An optimized website will perform better and, as we know, one second of additional loading time can kill the visitors’ interest. For a big site or platform, even a small period of loading delay can have huge costs.

Security Matters, Too

Additionally, bypassing cross-browser testing can cause obvious security flaws that put you and your followers at risk. Cross-site scripts or XSS vulnerabilities often result from JavaScript or markup errors, which can easily be resolved through testing. Countless data leaks result from these easily prevented security flaws, and they could easily be avoided with tests performed by experienced web developers.

Fully testing a website for compatibility with each browser seems like a daunting task. And, in truth, it really would be, without using one of the numerous cross-browser testing tools available nowadays. These tools allow any designer or programmer to thoroughly analyze their designs (and code, of course) for failures, ensuring their maximum performance regardless of the browser they are shown on and increasing their security.

Dynamically Creating Keys In Javascript Associative Array

In this article, we are going to discuss how to create keys in a JavaScript associative array dynamically.

Associative arrays are dynamic objects that are user defined as needed. When you assign values to keys in a variable of types array, then the array is transformed into an object, and it loses the attributes and methods or array. i.e. the length attributes have no effect because the variables are no longer of the type array.

JavaScript associative arrays are same as any other literals. You can add keys to these using the square brackets notation you can add keys to these objects dynamically if the key is a string.

We will demonstrate all that and also see how to add a key method to an object to have the number of items it holds when it becomes an associative array.

Creating an Associative Array Dynamically

We can create the dynamic associative array by simply allocating a literal to a variable. Following is the syntax to do so −

var name_of_the_array = {"key1": value1, "key2": value2, "key3": value3}; Example 1

In the following example, we are trying to create an array. We need to use square brackets in the array but, since these are associative arrays we are using curly brackets instead of square brackets. We can access the contents of an associative array using the key.

var array = {“one”: 1, “two”: 2, “three”: 3}; var val = array[“two”]; document.write(JSON.stringify(val));

Example 2

Following is another example to create an associative array −

let a = { name: ‘Ayush’ }; let key = ‘age’; a[key] = 35; document.write(JSON.stringify(a));

Using Object Methods

An associative array is also an object. So, we can create it with the help of object methods, then assign keys and values.

Example 1

In the following example, we demonstrate how we can create an associative array through the object() method.

var array = new Object(); array[“Aman”] = 22; array[“Akash”] = 23; array[“Rahul”] = 24; var i = 0; for (i in array) { }

Example 2

Let us rewrite the above example using the object’s DOT methods.

var array = new Object(); chúng tôi = 22; array.Akash = 23; array.Rahul = 24; var i = 0; for (i in array) { }

Using for…in loop

Since the associative array is similar to an object we cannot use the for loop. Instead, we can use the for…in loop same as we do to traverse the elements of an object.

Unlike normal arrays, associative arrays do not have any method to get the length of an object. Hence, for this purpose, we need to create a user defined method explicitly.


In the following example, we are calculating the size of an associative array

var array = new Object(); chúng tôi = 22; array.Akash = 23; array.Rahul = 24; var count = 0; for (var key in array) { if (array.hasOwnProperty(key)) { count++; } } document.write(“Size of an Associative array: ” + count);

Creating A Jitter Plot Using Ggplot2 In Rstudio

The ggplot2 package is the most comprehensive way of building graphs and plots. Firms, like the New York Times and The Economist, are heavily using ggplot2 to create their visualizations. With big companies using this tool, it’s important to have a knowledge base on how to use ggplot2 to create visualizations such as the jitter plot.

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to create a jitter plot using ggplot2 in RStudio. Once you understand the grammar of graphics in ggplot2, you’ll be able to string together any graph or plot.

A jitterplot is a type of scatter plot used to display the distribution of a set of numerical data points. The “jitter” in the plot’s name refers to the random variation that is added to the position of each symbol along the x- and y-axes.

This variation helps prevent symbols from overlapping and makes it easier to see the distribution of data points in cases there is high density of points in certain areas of the plot.

If you have a densely populated plot, a jitterplot can make your visualization easier to understand. You can also use it to plot distributions by category, which is an alternative to a box plot or a histogram.

For this demonstration, the tidyverse dataset is used.

First, create a scatter plot using the ggplot ( ) function. In this case, the x-axis is the year while the y-axis is the mpg dataset.

When you run the code, you can see that the plot shows points forming a straight line with respect to the y-axis.

Use the geom_jitter ( ) function to add another layer to the graph. When you run the code, you’ll see that the points in the plot shifted. The points will continue to shift every time you run the code.

You can also use the geom_jitter ( ) function for categorical variables.

Using the same argument, let’s change the x-axis to mpg and the y-axis to origin. When you run the new line of code, you can see that instead of showing the data in straight lines, they’re randomly distributed in the plot.

This helps you visualize the individual observations for each category and how they vary. In this case, you can see the typical mileage of one origin versus another.

You can add color to the plot by adding another argument in the aes ( ) function. You can also set the size of the points to a specific data value in your dataset.

In this example, the jitter plot made it easier to identify the origins with the most cars and those that have better mileage.

Because of the size set in the code, the plot looks oversaturated. You can change the size or color of the data points depending on your preference or business requirements.

A jitter plot is one of the ways to bring a new form of insight in your visualizations. It helps users to better understand what’s happening with in data. This plot is a great alternative to the typical histogram or box plot for plotting distributions.

The ability to effectively understand the underlying structure of a dataset makes jitter plots a valuable tool in various fields such as statistics, data analysis, and machine learning. Overall, jitter plots provide a clear and easy-to-understand representation of the distribution of numerical data points, making it a powerful tool for data visualization and analysis.

All the best,

George Mount

How To Set Portraits Watch Face In Watchos 8 On Apple Watch

When Apple previewed watchOS 8 at WWDC 2023, the Portraits watch face managed to catch my attention right away. As I have a penchant for trying out a variety of watch faces, I was curious to see how the new Portraits watch face works on my Apple Watch. Unfortunately, Apple didn’t introduce it in watchOS 8 beta 1. Now, with the release of watchOS 8 beta 2, the Cupertino giant has added this much-awaited feature that lets users set portrait photos as a watch face on Apple Watch. If you want to try out this exciting new feature, let me help you set a Portraits watch face in watchOS 8 on Apple Watch.

Set Up Portraits Watch Face in watchOS 8 on Apple Watch


First off, let’s understand what makes Portraits watch face so exciting! And why is every Apple Watch user going gaga over this feature? Then, we will look at the steps to enable the Portraits watch face feature on Apple Watch.

What is Portraits Watch Face and How It Works on Apple Watch?

The Portraits watch face is designed to let you view and engage with photos in an all-new way on Apple Watch. What makes it so fascinating is the ability to animate a portrait image with a multi-layered effect. Notably, it intelligently recognizes faces in photos and crops in to highlight the subject. Thus, the watch face appears pleasing to the eyes.

Once you have set up Portraits watch face on your Apple Watch, a new photo will show up whenever you raise your wrist or tap the display. Interestingly, there is also a way to zoom in/ out of the portrait for times when you may want to get into the details. It is a nice way to take a glance at memorable photos and also personalize your smartwatch.

What Sort of Customization Does Portraits Watch Face Offer?

Unlike the Photos watch face, the Portraits doesn’t let you fine-tune the colors. Though it might not be a big deal for many, I would have certainly appreciated having the flexibility to tweak colors as well. Since watchOS 8 is still a work in progress, a lot could change by the time Apple rolls out the OS this fall.

Use Portraits Watch Face in watchOS 8 on Apple Watch

Note: I tried out the Portraits watch face feature on Apple Watch SE running watchOS 8 beta 2, and it worked perfectly fine. The latest watchOS update is also supported by Apple Watch 3 and above.

Launch the Watch app on your iPhone, paired with the Apple Watch.

3. Next, scroll down and choose the Portraits watch face option.

4. Next up, tap on the “Choose Photos…” option from the Content section and then select up to 24 portrait images. The better way to go about it is to create an album of all of your portrait shots and then select the desired images from the album.

5. Up next, select the portrait images and then tap “Add” at the top right corner of the screen. You can then move around the image to adjust the crop and see how it would look on your Apple Watch’s screen.

6. Then, you can choose from three different clock styles:

Classic: Pick this to give a retro look to the clock.

Modern: Gives a more refined look to the clock.

Rounded: Select it if you prefer a rounded design.

7. Next, you can select complications. The date appears in the middle of the Portraits watch face. At the bottom, you can choose to show any other complications like moon phase, your schedule, activity, etc.

6. In the end, make sure to tap “Add” to finish setting up the Portraits watch face in watchOS 8.

Zoom In or Out Portraits Watch Face on Apple Watch

Probably the best part about the Portraits watch face is the ability to zoom in or out of the portrait image. You can use the Digital Crown to zoom in or out of the portrait shot. Take a look at the GIF below to find out how it works.

Get the Most Out of Portraits Watch Face on Apple Watch

That’s pretty much it! So, that’s how you can enable and use Portraits watch face on your Apple Watch. Now that you know how this cool feature works, you can make the most of it to jazz up the watch face in watchOS 8. While watchOS 8 might not be a huge upgrade, it has some notable features, including the ability to measure respiratory rate, an improved Home app, and a smarter Breathe app. So, share your thoughts about the latest iteration of watchOS and whether or not the Portraits has won you over.

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