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With the   2.1, a digital signature has been introduced in the TallyPrime product. To aid the capability, an attribute   has been introduced at Part definition. The default value of the attribute would be ‘No’. The capability would enable the developer to place the digital signature for print/export/mail reports. In the absence of any parts with Digital Sign enabled and if the Digital Sign is requested in the PDF Output, it would be rendered towards the end of the content. In a given page of the PDF output, there can be only one digital signature. If there are multiple parts defined for containing a digital signature within a given page, only the first part would be considered and the rest would be skipped/ignored.



[Part: Part Containing Sign]

Digital Sign        : ##IsDigitalSignOn

This attribute is used to identify the part by using unique access name.


Access Name : Access Name Formula



[Part : Sample Part]

Line        : Sample Line1

Access Name : “Sample Part”

The attribute Background is used to set the Background Color of a Part in Display mode.



[Part : Party Details]

Background : Red Print BG : Green

The Print BG attribute is used to set the Background Color of a Part in Print mode.


It is used to highlight the appropriate line which satisfies the given condition. All the methods of the object associated with the line can be used while specifying the condition.


When the Report is invoked, the Line for which the condition is TRUE, is highlighted by default.


If the Line is repeated over the collection of Ledgers, then the following code will highlight the line of Cash Ledger.

[Part : The Main Part]

Default Line : $Name = “Cash”

Part inherits the Object from the Report/Part/Line, by default. This can be overridden in two ways.

The syntax of an Object attribute at the part level is as follows:



Example: Part in the Context of Voucher Object

[Part : Sample Part]

Line   : Sample Line

Object : InventoryEntries:First:@@StkNameFilter

Scroll : Vertical

[System : Formula]

StkNameFilter : $StockItemName = “Tally Developer”

The attribute Object Ex provides the ease of using enhanced method formula syntax, while specifying the object association. Now even the Primary Object can be associated with a Part, which was not possible with the Object attribute of ‘Part’ Definition.



Example : 1

[Part: Sample Part]

Object Ex : (Ledger,”Customer”)

The Ledger object “Customer 1” is associated with the Part ‘Sample Part’. Since only the absolute specification used, the Object specification ends with ‘.’

Example : 2

[Part : Sample Part]

Object Ex : (Ledger,”Customer”) . BillAllocations[1, @ @Condition1]

[System : Formula]

Condition1 : $Name = “Bills 2”

The Secondary Object ‘Bill Allocation’ is associated with the Part ‘Sample Part’.

The Data Object associated to some other Interface Object can also be associated to a Part. This aspect will be elaborated in the section ‘Object Access via UI Object’ of the Enhancement training. The enhanced method formula syntax is discussed in detail under the section ‘Accessing Methods’.

It indicates that the part should retain information about the line which is currently in focus, even if the focus is moved to other part. This allows the part to make the same line as the current line when it gets back the focus.


Retain Focus : Yes/No


[Part : LedPart]

Retain Focus : Yes

At Part level, the attribute Selectable indicates whether the lines owned by the particular Part are selectable or not, and the default value for the same is YES.



This attribute determines synchronization of horizontal or vertical Parts of the Part. If the Part further contains parts, then the value of Sync attribute specified at Parent level overrides the value specified at child level.


[Part : Main Part]

Parts : SubPart1, SubPart 2

Sync : Yes

[Part : Sub Part 1]

Sync : No

[Part : Sub Part 2]

Sync : Yes

As a result of the default value of Sync attribute being set to NO, in the above code snippet, the Sync attribute finally has the value as YES.

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What Are Hooks In React?

React Hooks open up a completely new approach to constructing functional components, enabling us to include capabilities like stateful logic that are only available for class components.

React mostly makes use of its built−in hooks, useState and useEffect Hooks, to do this. These hooks j

In this article, we will go over what hooks are and how they can be used to create applications with React. We will also see how they simplify everyday development workflows.

All About React Hooks

As quoted by team React−

“React Hooks are a new feature of chúng tôi that makes it possible to use state and other React features without writing a class.”

They simplify the way we use chúng tôi by removing the need for class components and render methods, and instead enable us to use functions as hooks.

They were announced at the end of 2023 with version 16.7 of React and were officially released in version 16.8, which was released in March 2023.

React Hooks act as a replacement for the class system. It is an alternative approach to React’s component model that allows us to avoid unnecessary abstraction and to provide an alternative way of handling stateful logic that doesn’t require inheritance or higher−order components (HOC).

They eliminate the requirement to construct a class, which was the sole option in the past, and enable developers to access state and other React capabilities.

However, here are some general rules for hooks that every developer must keep in mind −

Hooks should be used in the topmost scope of the code and never to be used within loops, conditions, or nested functions.

Hooks should only be used by React function components.

Don’t use ordinary JavaScript methods to call Hook

Note − These rules are also applicable for custom hooks.

React Built−in Hooks

React has built−in hooks, i.e., useEffect and useState, that allow developers to use code snippets to handle events or data updates.

Though, you can also reuse the stateful behaviour among components by creating custom hooks. Let’s first see a little more about these built−in hooks.

useState Hook

The useState hook is used for storing a state within a component.

The useState hook allows you to store and access state inside a component without using this.state or this.setState(). The state object can be passed down from the parent component to the child component via props, or it can be set directly on the child component with the useState hook.

useEffect Hook

For side effects like obtaining data from an API or storing it locally, we use useEffect hook.

It gives function components the ability to perform side effects, resulting in accomplishing the same thing that componentDidMount, componentDidUpdate, and componentWillUnmount do in React classes, but with a single API.

What are “custom hooks”?

Using custom hooks is an effective option in a case where we want to implement the derived functionality of both the useState and useEffect Hooks across many components.

We can simply reuse stateful behaviour across several components using custom React Hooks in a style that is both efficient and scalable. Additionally, custom hooks result in a clear and organized codebase, which lessens complexity and duplication in your React project.

As long as they adhere to the React Hooks standards, you are free to develop whatever custom hook you want to handle various logical scenarios.

Benefits with React Hooks

In React, hooks address a wide range of issues that at first glance seem unrelated to those we have faced over the course of five years of creating and maintaining tens of thousands of components.

You could be familiar with some of these issues whether you’re studying React or perhaps working with a different framework with a similar component architecture.

We’ll see the difficulties that have been overcome by the introduction of hooks here.

Easy−to−understand complex components

In the past, the developers had to maintain parts that at first were straightforward but eventually turned into an unmanageable jumble of stateful logic. As a result, getting errors and inconsistencies became a normal thing. Instead of requiring a split based on lifecycle methods, hooks allow you to divide a single component into separate functions based on how its constituent parts are related.

Reduced Complexity without Classes (with functions!)

Learning React can be quite difficult because of classes. Props, state, and the downward data flow are concepts that people can grasp very well, but still have difficulty understanding in classes. Even among seasoned React developers, arguments over the distinction between function and class components can be seen frequently.

Contrarily, hooks allow you to embrace functions and use more React capabilities without the need to understand intricate functional or reactive programming techniques.

Easy to reuse Stateful Logic

You can remove stateful logic from a component using hooks so that it can be tested separately and used again. You can reuse stateful logic with hooks without altering the component structure which was very difficult earlier even the higher−order components and render props couldn’t manage to do it.

Sharing Hooks amongst numerous components or with the community is now way too simple.

Bottom Line

React’s way of extending the component model with features that can be shared among all components.

In a nutshell, hooks have greatly increased our ability to develop flexible React applications, reducing the need for class−based components. React also offers some additional hooks that you can use to enhance the functionality of these hooks and produce even more incredible hooks on your own.

What Are Standard Peo Services?

Managing your business’s human resources (HR) needs can be an enormous task, and it is often too much for one individual to do on their own. What’s worse, if you don’t have an experienced HR professional or team of professionals handling your HR, you are at a greater risk of violating labor and employment laws. If this sounds like you, you may want to consider outsourcing your HR functions to a professional employer organization – also known as a PEO. 

What is a PEO? 

A PEO provides HR and payroll services to businesses of all sizes. Through co-employment, a PEO becomes the manager of record for tax purposes and provides employee benefits packages under its own tax identification numbers. HR services that PEOs can provide include managing payroll and payroll taxes, administering health insurance benefits, managing workers’ compensation insurance, allocating retirement packages – like 401(k) plans – establishing employee handbooks and HR policies, training and developing employees, and managing risk and compliance.

Editor’s note: Looking for the right PEO for your business? Fill out the below questionnaire to have our vendor partners contact you about your needs.


Finding a great PEO service calls for an evaluation of your business’s size, needs, strengths and weaknesses. Understanding your company’s needs can make choosing the right PEO service an easy decision.

Did You Know?

More small and midsize businesses than ever are looking to offer top employee benefits – like quality health insurance – as a way to help attract talent.

Did You Know?

Willful violations of the FLSA may result in criminal prosecution, and you could be fined up to $10,000.

8. Employee training and development

PEOs can also help you stay legally compliant by offering required employee training courses – like those on harassment, or health and safety. Additionally, many PEOs offer in-person and online courses to help employees develop professionally. For example, they may offer e-learning courses about leadership, management, communication or teamwork.

What are PEO do’s and don’ts?

PEOs can manage numerous HR tasks for your business that an in-house HR department might handle in a larger business. Here are some things that PEOs do and what they don’t do. 

PEOs do provide these services:

HR and recruiting services

Access to legal counsel

Employee benefits

Workplace compliance tools

Health and safety policies

Payroll services 

Employee training

PEOs don’t help you in these aspects: 

Functioning as an independent company or separate business entity

Intervening and disassociating your business from its corporate responsibilities

Retaining all liability for the various services you agreed for them to manage

Working exclusively with your business, as they have large clienteles

What are the best PEO services?

There are several highly rated PEO services available, but the best one for your business will depend on a variety of factors – like how many employees you have, what services you need and the size of your budget. Some PEOs offer their services a la carte, while others bundle them into one package. Keep in mind that some PEOs also have employee minimums, typically requiring you to have at least five employees. Here are some of the top PEOs to consider:

Justworks: If technology is key to your business, Justworks is a great PEO partner. The cloud-hosted platform is simple to use, and the company offers HR consultants who can provide tailored guidance. Justworks is one of the few PEOs we reviewed that lists its pricing online. This can be beneficial for a strict budget. Read our Justworks review to learn more.

Rippling: Companies looking for a PEO that can easily scale will want to check out Rippling. You can access Rippling’s regular workforce platform, or you can pair it with Rippling’s PEO model for a comprehensive co-employment service. The cloud-hosted platform is ideal for both in-office and remote employees. Read our Rippling PEO review to learn more.

TriNet: This PEO specializes in a variety of industries, so it is ideal for those who want a tailored solution. In addition to a great PEO plan, TriNet clients can access a user-friendly mobile app, which is ideal for businesses that have employees on the go. Read our TriNet review for more information.

How much do PEOs cost?

In many cases, outsourcing these tasks to a PEO is more cost-effective than hiring an in-house HR representative. If you have 10 employees, you would pay $15,000 annually at most for weekly PEO services. For comparison, human resources specialists make an average annual salary of $69,430 per year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. HR assistants make upward of $43,000 annually, and will still cost more to hire them to work in house.

Even if you have more than 10 employees, PEO costs may still fall well within your budget. PEO companies may even discount their rates based on how many employees you have. For instance, instead of paying $1,500 annually for each employee, you may pay $1,000 per employee if you have more than 20 full-time staff members. The PEO may also allow you to enter a month-to-month contract with the option to freeze services when you don’t need them. 


PEOs typically charge a per-employee fee or a percentage of your total monthly payroll.

Always shop around for PEO services. It’s not unusual to find one provider that charges $50 a month per employee and another that charges more than $100 a month for each staff member. When comparing costs, determine if one provider offers more services than the other to gauge your return on investment.

What’s the difference between a PEO and an HRO?

Both a PEO and an HRO provide centralized HR services. When you partner with a PEO, you sign a co-employment agreement. An HRO doesn’t act as a co-employer.

“For companies that prefer to keep some HR functions in-house, partnering with an HRO to handle a few distinct services, like payroll, makes sense,” Stefan said. “A company looking for a single-source provider to assume the vast majority of HR responsibilities will typically go with a PEO.” 

Since PEOs have a stake in your business, they play a major role in establishing employee training requirements, safety protocols and other onboarding functions. HROs, however, don’t take over all HR functions of your business and don’t become involved in company policy. 

HRO services provide flexibility, because you can choose the services you wish to assign to the independent company while remaining the decision-maker in HR management. Larger businesses tend to use this type of HR solution, since a human resources department is often already established and only needs help with some of the more tedious tasks. 

PEOs assume all HR responsibilities and act as an extension of your business, requiring you to release all your HR data to the PEO. If you can’t afford an in-house HR department you can benefit from the comprehensive offerings of a PEO, making it a better option than hiring an HRO. 

What’s the difference between a PEO and a staffing agency?

It’s common to associate staffing agencies with PEOs, but they are nothing like PEOs. A staffing agency provides businesses with temporary employees, while a PEO does not supply labor to employers. PEOs supply services and benefits to businesses and their existing workforce. A staffing agency leases new workers on a temporary or project-specific basis. After their work is completed, the leased workers return to the staffing agency for reassignment. 

In terms of functionality, a staffing agency may or may not operate like a PEO, according to Brian Cairns, founder of ProStrategix Consulting. 

“A staffing agency will likely have its own health insurance and HR plans,” he said. “However, by using a staffing agency, they do not automatically cover all your employees, just those who are staffed by the agency. If you have any employees of your own, they are not covered by the staffing agency’s HR plans, unless you enter a co-employment agreement with the agency.” 

PEOs usually offer more comprehensive services than staffing agencies, and incorporate performance tracking, grievances and disciplinaries. It ultimately depends on your business structure and needs.

What’s the difference between a PEO and an EOR?

An employer of record (EOR) is the sole legal employer of employees, whereas a PEO operates through a co-employment model. This means that, while a PEO shares ownership and liabilities, the EOR assumes all liabilities for the workers. 

An EOR oversees all timekeeping, payroll, workers’ compensation, unemployment claims, and employee benefits administration. With a PEO, you may have your choice of insurance coverage, but with an EOR, your employees would be covered under the EOR’s insurance.

Another difference is in hiring. With a PEO, you retain a lot of rights and responsibilities over who you hire and how. An EOR, on the other hand, takes full responsibility for hiring workers. An EOR is often provided by staffing agencies.

Skye Schooley contributed to the writing and reporting in this article. Some source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article.

Learn The Attributes Of A Parameter

Introduction to Powershell Parameter

A parameter is nothing but an input provided to a function or any cmdlet. Every parameter will have a name and a data type associated with it. It is always not necessary that parameters are mandatory. Some parameters may also have default values, and these values are used when a value for the parameter is not explicitly mentioned. For a function, the parameters are defined with the Param block. Mandatory parameters are defined using the [Parameter (Mandatory)] attribute. It is also possible to validate the value passed to each parameter using the ValidateSet property. Parameter names are always preceded by a hyphen (-), which denotes the PowerShell that the word after (-) is a parameter. This article will explain in detail about the parameters and their types in PowerShell, the various types of parameters, how to pass parameters to a function, etc., in detail.

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Syntax of Powershell Parameter

The following example shows how to pass parameters to a cmdlet

In the above example, the path is a parameter for the cmdlet, and the corresponding value of the parameter is enclosed within “”.

To define parameters for a function, the below format is used

[Parameter()] [Parameter()] [Parameter()] )

Identifying the various parameters associated with a cmdlet:

To identify the various parameters that are available for a cmdlet, the below cmdlet can be used.

Get-Help CmdletName -Parameter *


Get-Help out-file -Parameter *


The above shows the various parameters that are associated with the Out-File cmdlet. It also shows whether a parameter is a mandatory one, its position, aliases.

Attributes of a parameter

Here are the attributes of a parameter mentioned below


This denotes whether the parameter is a must for running this cmdlet. If this value is true for a parameter, then it means that this is a mandatory one. An error will be thrown if the appropriate value for that parameter is not passed.


Positional parameters are parameters that have its position set to a positive integer. When using this type of parameter, the parameter name is not required, but the parameter value must be mentioned in the appropriate position. If the position value is 0, then the parameter name is not required, but its value should be the first to appear after the cmdlets name. If the position setting is excluded, it can be defined anywhere in the cmdlet.


It denotes the type of the parameter like string, int, switches, etc.

-Default Value -Accepts Multiple Values

This denotes whether a parameter can accept multiple values. In case if multiple values are allowed, they are typed in a comma-separated and passed, or the values can be saved in a comma-separated way in a variable, and that variable can be passed as a value to the parameter.

-Accepts Pipeline Input

This denotes whether the pipeline can be passed as input to the parameter. If its value is false, it denotes the parameter doesn’t accept the pipeline for an input.

-Accepts Wildcard Characters

This denotes whether the parameter can use the wildcard to match characters.

Validation of Parameters

Below are some ways of validating the value that is passed to a parameter.

1. Making a parameter Mandatory and allowing Null Value

The mandatory parameter is used to denote whether a parameter compulsorily requires a value or not. AllowNull attribute is used to allow null values as a value.


[Parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [AllowNull()] [String] )

In the above, UserName is a mandatory parameter, and it accepts null for a value.

2. AllowEmptyString validation attribute

This attribute is used to allow empty string as a value to the mandatory parameter. The Allow Empty collection attribute is used to allow empty collection as a value to a mandatory string parameter.


[Parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [AllowNull()] [AllowEmptyCollection()] [String] )

ValidateLenght attribute is used to specify the minimum and maximum length of the value that is passed to a parameter.

Validatepattern is used to match a regular expression with the value that is passed to the parameter.

ValdiateRange specifies a range in which the value of the variable must be.

ValidateSet denotes a set of values from which one of the values must be passed for the parameter. Value outside this set can’t be set to the parameter.

ValidateDrive is used to validate the value of a path parameter to a certain drive


[Parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [AllowNull()] [AllowEmptyCollection()] [ValidateCount(5,50)] [ValidateLength(10,20)] [ValidatePattern(“[1-9][0-4][4-9][1-4]”)] [ValidateDrive(“C”, “Function”, “Drive”)] [String] [parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [ValidateLength(1,30)] [String] [parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [Int] [parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [ValidateSet(“Chennai”, “Mumbai”, “Delhi”)] [String] [parameter(position=1)] [ValidateLength(1,30)] [String] [parameter(position=2)] [Int] [parameter(position=3)] [ValidateSet(“Chennai”, “Mumbai”, “Delhi”)] [String] test3 “viki” 35 “Chennai”


Conclusion – Powershell Parameter Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Powershell Parameter. Here we discuss the attributes of a parameter and some ways of validating the value that is passed to a parameter. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

Part 5) Two Heads In Place Of One

From Seeing Through the Illusion: Understanding Apple’s Mastery of the Media, a profile examining Apple’s PR strategy:

Months after announcing her departure, Katie Cotton has moved on from Apple, according to a person close to the former executive. She is no longer involved in the media strategy that she led for 18 years, and is not participating in recruiting a replacement. A source told us that “Cotton does not believe in searching for her own successor.” While Tim Cook is pondering the future of the department, Cotton left Apple PR in the hands of two longtime deputies: Steve Dowling and Natalie Kerris. The interim leaders (pictured left and top right, respectively) took over in May, and now both report directly to Cook.

Even without Cotton at the helm, Apple’s PR department continues to move forward. As an Apple employee said, “the team is still rolling and cranking; there’s still an overall strategy.” But the team is being steered by two executives with different expertise and approaches. Dowling ran the Corporate Communications team for the last decade. He joined Apple’s PR team in 2003 after serving as CNBC’s Silicon Valley Bureau Chief since 2000, and Washington Bureau Chief from 1995 to 2000.

This extends to his work within Apple’s doors. Dowling holds a weekly meeting to discuss relevant topics with the top PR members, rotating between Tuesdays and Thursdays. Apple PR employees say that they learn enough from the meetings to actually take notes. He additionally takes time to receive feedback on his reports and discuss how Apple PR could improve. People close to Dowling also say that the executive doesn’t play Cotton-like power games, but note that “he could improve his mentoring and leadership skills versus mostly focusing on just getting the work done himself.”

Some sources opined that Dowling is “smarter than Katie,” and suggested that he would be a good fit to replace her. Dowling is said to be “close” friends with Tim Cook, and Cook is said to have referred to Dowling as such during internal meetings. Cook and Dowling are often seen together, in part because of Apple’s policy of using PR staff to guard key executives. Dowling’s high place in Apple’s hierarchy has been demonstrated by his name often appearing alongside Katie Cotton’s on critical announcements such as Steve Jobs’s resignation and the firing of Scott Forstall.

Cotton’s other replacement, Natalie Kerris, has mostly led PR and Communications for flagship Apple products such as the iPhone since joining Apple in 2001. Although our sources opined that Dowling could serve as more of an actual successor to Cotton, current and former Apple journalists praised Kerris for her blunt approach; one reporter said that Kerris will skip formalities and PR jargon and formalities to cut to the chase. We were told that while Kerris is “very smart,” there is “sort of a drama element to her” that makes her like “Cotton Jr.” One source said that “it would likely be more of the same [as during Katie’s era] if Nat completely took over.” If Cook is truly seeking a refreshed approach to PR at Apple, Kerris would be less likely to get the top job.

Both Kerris and Dowling are said to be individually lobbying to take Cotton’s place, which makes recent reports about Apple’s consideration of former White House Press Secretary Jay Carney for the job all the more interesting. After the consistently-reliable Re/code first reported that Carney was “bandied” about in connection to the open Apple position, The Loop‘s Jim Dalrymple claimed that this was not true. Sources say that it was Kerris who told Dalrymple and other reporters that the claims of Carney’s consideration were false. Since Carney was exiting the world’s most important and high-profile PR job and in talks with multiple technology companies, Apple would be irresponsible to have not considered Carney in some capacity, so it’s unclear why anyone at the company would actively deny the report.

— See Part 6) Controversies: From Maps to Beats to Haunted Empires

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What Are The Best Motorola Phones?

Motorola has a history of delivering some of the best smartphones in every category. Despite the many issues the company is going through, it has still managed to assemble a respectable smartphone lineup that caters to everyone, starting from the basic daily drivers to all-powerful premium devices.

Like every other major company, Moto’s current smartphone lineup focuses on what the consumers want. Whether you want a Motorola handset with a huge and clear display screen, one with the best camera, or maybe one that will charge from 0-100% in an hour or so while still delivering close to 48 hours of battery life, this post has it all!

Best Motorola phones

In a sea of Motorola phones, it might not be an easy sail for many people trying to pick the best phone for them. But in the table above, you have a list of what we think are the best Motorola phones that money can buy in 2023 and below are brief highlights of the phones and their specs.

Moto E5

The Moto E5 is the best for those looking for a basic Motorola smartphone and nothing more. This is even reflected in the price of the phone, which can easily be purchased for under €140 in Europe and $60 in the U.S., but you still get a solid package. Even more interesting is that the Moto E5 comes with a fingerprint scanner, which is a rarity in this price category. But the best part is that you are getting a huge 4000mAh battery unit to go with it.


5.7-inch 18:9 HD+ screen

Snapdragon 425 processor


16GB expandable storage

13MP back camera

5MP front camera

4000mAh battery

Android 8.0 Oreo

Extras: Bluetooth 4.2, 3.5mm audio jack, microUSB, fast charging, Gorilla Glass screen protection, rear-mounted scanner, LTE, NFC, etc.

Moto E5 Plus

While the Moto E5 is a great phone for people who want basic smartphone operations, the Moto E5 Plus not only takes the battery life of the standard E5 to the next level, but also bumps up some of the specs and features on board. Of course, some of the specs remain unchanged, but the E5 Plus gets a bigger display screen, battery and better camera on the back. But as you’d expect, these upgrades come at an extra cost.


5.99-inch 18:9 HD+ screen

Snapdragon 425 processor


32GB expandable storage

12MP back camera

8MP front camera

5000mAh battery

Android 8.0 Oreo

Extras: Bluetooth 4.2, 3.5mm audio jack, microUSB, fast charging, Gorilla Glass screen protection, rear-mounted scanner, LTE, NFC, etc.

Related: Motorola Moto E5, E5 Plus, and E5 Play: 8 things you need to know

Moto G7/Plus

If you live in the U.S., you can’t buy the superior Moto G7 Plus, but the standard Moto G7 has a good number of similarities with its counterpart. The same screen size and resolution are used alongside a waterdrop-style notch design that pushes the bezels further outwards, leaving you with an expansive screen on a much compact body.

Even though both have a dual-lens camera on the back, the Moto G7 Plus has a superior setup that includes optical image stabilization (OIS). The Plus variant also gets faster 27W TurboPower quick charging technology, a better 12MP selfie camera, as well as a more powerful processor, as seen below.

Specs Moto G7

6.24-inch 19:9 FHD+ (2,270 x 1,080) display with a water-drop notch

Qualcomm Snapdragon 632 octa-core processor.


64GB storage, expandable up to 512GB

Dual 12MP + 5MP rear camera

8MP front-facing camera

3000mAh battery

Android 9 Pie

Extras: Bluetooth 4.2, 3.5mm audio jack, USB-C, Rear-mounted FPS, Face unlock, 15W TurboPower fast charging, etc.

Moto G7 Plus

6.24-inch 19:9 FHD+ (2,270 x 1,080) display with a water-drop notch

Qualcomm Snapdragon 636 octa-core processor


64GB storage, expandable up to 512GB

Dual 16MP + 5MP rear camera

12MP front-facing camera

3000mAh battery

Android 9 Pie

Extras: Bluetooth 5.0, 3.5mm audio jack, Rear-mounted FPS, Face recognition, 27W TurboPower fast charging, NFC in some markets, etc.

In short, grab the Moto G7 Plus if it’s available in your market. After all, it’s only $50 or so costlier than the Moto G7. As for those in the U.S., you may have to settle for the standard G7, but the Plus variant can still be purchased from Amazon, although this is the internatinal variant that only works with the likes of AT&T and T-Mobile and not Verizon and Sprint.

Check out: Best Android P features

Moto G7 Power

For those always on the road and are after a Motorola smartphone that will last probably even two days on a single charge, the Moto G7 Power is that phone. Arguably the model that makes the most sense in the G7 series, especially in markets where the Plus variant is not available, the massive 5000mAh battery unit makes the decision easy.

The fact that the G7 Power has the same processing capacity as the standard Moto G7 makes it an even better choice, but the icing on the cake is the price, where you pay about $50 cheaper than the standard G7. But of course, if you want a dual-lens camera, a waterdrop-style notch, a premium-looking glass build, and a better-resolution display, the G7 is your best bet.


6.2-inch 19:9 HD+ (1570 x 720) LCD display

Qualcomm Snapdragon 632 processor

3GB or 4GB RAM

32GB or 64GB expandable storage, up to 512GB

12MP main camera

8MP front camera

5000mAh battery

Android 9 Pie

Extras: Bluetooth 4.2, USB-C, Rear-mounted FPS, Face unlock, 3.5mm audio jack, TurboPower fast charging, etc.

Moto G6 Plus

Even with the Moto G7 series already here, the Moto G6 is undoubtedly still one of the best out there a year down the line. This has always been the case with the Moto G series as long as the Plus variant has existed, something that is true for the new kids on the block, too. But of course, all this depends on whether you can actually get one in your market or rather a local shop.

The Moto G6 Plus was christened the smartphone world’s jack of all trades and with the price having reduced thanks to the newer Moto G7 Plus, you’ll be getting one of the best midrange Motorola phones today.


5.9-inch 18:9 FHD+ LCD display

Snapdragon 630 SoC

4GB or 6GB RAM

64GB or 128GB of storage

Dual 12MP + 5MP main camera

8MP front camera

3200mAh battery

Android 8.0 Oreo

Extras: Bluetooth 4.2, 3.5mm audio jack, USB-C, fast charging, Gorilla Glass 3 screen protection, front-mounted scanner, LTE, NFC (market dependent), etc.

Related: Motorola Moto G6 and G6 Plus: Everything you need to know

Moto One and One Power

Motorola’s new Android One phones are the Moto One and Moto One Power. The two, obviously, will not be sold in all markets across the globe. In fact, American availability of the duo is still unknown, but so far, Motorola says folks in Europe, Latin America, and Asia Pacific will be able to buy the Moto One starting at €299. As for the Moto One Power, it has only been confirmed for the Indian market beginning October 2023, but pricing details are yet to be confirmed.

Specs Moto One

5.9-inch 19:9 HD+ LCD display

Snapdragon 625 SoC


64GB expandable storage

Dual 13MP + 2MP main camera

8MP front camera

3000mAh battery

Android 8.1 Oreo

Extras: Bluetooth 5.0, USB-C, 3.5mm audio jack, Splash resistant, 15W fast charging, Rear-mounted fingerprint scanner, Dolby sound, NFC, etc.

Moto One Power

6.2-inch 19:9 FHD+ LCD display

Snapdragon 636 SoC


64GB expandable storage

Dual 16MP + 5MP main camera

12MP front camera

5000mAh battery

Android 8.1 Oreo

Extras: Bluetooth 5.0, USB-C, 3.5mm audio jack, Splash resistant, 15W fast charging, Rear-mounted fingerprint scanner, Dolby sound, NFC, etc.

Related: Moto One and One Power software update news

Moto Z3

One shrewd way of shopping for the best phones available on the cheap is looking at flagship handsets from yesteryear. Once they are succeeded, phones tend to depreciate at an alarming rate as both retailers and vendors look to clear the remaining stock and make room for the new products.

Well, despite being a 2023 release, the Moto Z3 falls in this category of yesteryear thanks to a hardware configuration that resembles that of the Moto Z2 Force, but housed in a body resembling that of the Moto Z3 Play. This combination meant that Motorola had to outrightly price the Moto Z3 like a depreciated flagship handset from yesteryear, which is why it can be had for just $480.


6.01-inch 18:9 FHD+ AMOLED display

Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 processor


64GB expandable storage

Dual 12 + 12MP main camera

8MP front camera

3000mAh battery

Android 8.1 Oreo

Extras: Bluetooth 5.0, USB-C, NFC, Face unlock, side-mounted scanner, fast charging, water-repellant coating, Moto Display, Voice, Actions, etc.

One little problem, which has become a norm for Motorola phones, though, is that the Moto Z3 is exclusive to Verizon Wireless in the U.S. while the phone’s availability in other markets remains in the shadow.

Moto Z2 Force

If you can get it, the Moto Z2 Force is still one of the best Motorola phones to date. It gets even better now that you can have it at a much-discounted price. It’s not just because it has premium specs and features, but because it actually merits being called a flagship phone even though two years old.

Besides offering top-notch performance, the Moto Z2 Force also supports modularity. In the Z2 Force, you’ll be getting a super-thin handset with quality photography and not-so-good battery life, at least compared to the OG Moto Z Force. But hey, what are Moto Mods for? You can always grab a battery mod to boost the battery life if there’s the need to.


5.5-inch QHD pOLED display

Snapdragon 835 processor

4/6GB RAM and 64/128GB of expandable storage

Dual 12MP + 12MP main camera and 5MP front camera

2730mAh non-removable battery

Android 7.1 Nougat, upgradable to Oreo

Extras: Bluetooth 4.2, no 3.5mm audio jack (headphone adapter included), USB-C, fast charging, Shatterproof screen protection, front-mounted scanner, LTE, NFC, Moto Mods, etc.

If you are on Verizon Wireless, the Motorola Moto Z3 may interest you. The phone packs the internals of the Moto Z2 Force in a body of a Moto Z3 Play and can be had for under $500.

Read more: All devices that will receive Android Pie

Wrap up

By April 2023, Motorola had already announced several handsets, including the Moto G5 family, but it took the company up to June to unveil its 2023 lineup that consisted of the Moto G6 and Moto E5 families. The Moto X4 was launched in October 2023 and we expect a repeat of the same with respect to the Moto X5, if at all it’ll come to fruition.

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