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Introduction to Storage Network Area

The following article provides an outline for What is Storage Area Network? Information or data which is a company asset is the underlying resource on which all the computing processes are dependent. There are different enterprises and client’s products which are used to store these data.

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Data can be stored in a different type of storage devices:

Magnetic Storage Devices: Hard disk drive and Magnetic tape.

Optical Storage Devices: Blu-ray, disc, DVD, and CD.

Flash-based Storage Devices: Solid-state drive, memory card, and USB thumb drive.

How does Storage Area Network Work?

Storage devices are assembled within a storage system that provides high capacity, scalability, performance, and security.

This information is accessed by applications that are running on a server from different storage devices. The information is a unique company asset. Information is created and stored and accessed every second of every day which is the reason for currency inflow and outflow in all Enterprise businesses. In order to ensure that any business delivers the expected results, they must have access to accurate information and without any low latency. The management and protection of this business information are very important in order to deliver the expected results and for best business practice. Here we will see the concept of a network, storage, and storage area network (SAN), which is regarded as the ultimate response to all of these needs.

Storage Area Network is a collection of clients (Laptops, Desktops) which are used for local storage in the hard disk and other devices like enterprises and central repository – that are interconnected by communication channels. Because of these channels or network users/ enterprise service providers can achieve the efficient sharing of resources, services, and information among the network.

In simpler words or in Layman’s terms so that the common people can understand the topic or concepts of the network.

It is impossible to imagine today’s world as stand-alone human beings, with nobody that nobody communicates with. Much more importantly, it is impossible to imagine how human beings can work without using their body organs or senses. In our human world, we are sure you will agree with us that communication between any two individuals makes a significant difference in all aspects of life. Communication in any form is not easy, and we need many components in order to communicate with others.

Factors consist of a common language – which needs to be communicated, a medium where the communication will flow, and finally, there should be an endpoint from which we need to be sure that communication was received and understood. So in today’s world, we use language as a communication set of rules, and sounds and writing are the communication media. Just like this, a computer network needs almost the same components as our example as mentioned above, but a difference is that all these factors need to be controlled to ensure effective communications.

What is the Storage Area Network?

A SAN is a special high-speed network that stores and provides access to large amounts of data.

Provides data protection against drive failures.

Improves storage system performance by serving I/Os from multiple drives simultaneously.

Two implementation methods.

Software RAID implementation.

Hardware RAID implementation.

LAN: A LAN (Local Area Network), is a network that establishes a network in a small geographical area such as homes or offices.

WAN: A WAN, (Wide Area Network), is a network that establishes a network over larger geographical areas.

Different Types of Storage Area Network

Given below are the different types of storage area network:

1. Fibre Channel Protocol (FCP)

Fibre Channel Protocol is used to transfer the data with very high speed between the initiators and the target i.e. between the client and the storage system. In these, all the cluster of storage devices is connected to the switch with the cables. It has a bandwidth between 2- 16 Gigabytes per second.

2. Internet Small Computer System Interface (iSCSI)

SCSI is a system that can interact with storage media. Like if you get a hard drive – it is connected by SCSI. iSCSI is the ability to access the network drive remotely by using TCP protocol.

3. Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE)

Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) is used as a medium for the traffic of LAN and SAN which will result in the less no. of server adapters. Like in LAN we use NIC (Network Interface Card ) as an adapter and in SAN there is HBA ( Host box adapters) but in FCoE – we will be using only one adapter i.e. CNA ( converged network adapter) which has the understanding to differentiate between the SAN and LAN traffic.

4. Non-Volatile Memory Express over Fibre Channel (FC-NVMe) Advantages of Storage Area Network


In NAS, there is a central repository from where we can access the data to different client and Enterprise products using LAN i.e users on Local Area Network can access the data through the central repository. So there is only one line for data transmission which can fail anytime and any organization can lose the business.

But in the case of SAN, there is a network between all the storage devices so that we can access them through multiple lines. In short, data accessing failure chances are very less. So large enterprise service providers use SAN.


In order to maintain or ensure that any business delivers the expected results, they must have access to accurate information and without any low latency. It is also important for the management and protection of this business information in order to deliver the expected results and for the business to grow.

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First Wireless Storage Area Network Deployed

The world’s first wireless Internet Protocol (IP) Storage Area Network was born of an enduring necessity: the need to save money.

“Acquiring IP services to our local sites would have cost us $50,000 to $70,000 per month,” said Denis Van Dale, network administrator for Steinbach Credit Union. “It was much more economical to build our own transmission towers and use wireless Ethernet to provide storage over IP.”

The cost of building the radio transmission towers and installing the wireless infrastructure was less than $200,000, so the system paid for itself in a matter of months.

Nishan Systems, XIOtech Corporation and Proxim combined to build the system at Steinbach Credit Union in Manitoba, Canada.

“If there’s any other wireless SAN out there, it’s well hidden,” said Tom Clark, director of technical marketing for Nishan Systems. “This is the sort of industry first that anyone who’s done it would be eager to get press coverage. So Steinbach is the first wireless IP storage network, or, at the very least, the first to be publicly announced.”

Lightning Strikes Twice

Van Dale said the credit union — Canada’s largest, with more than 47,000 members and assets of more than $1 billion — had survived a couple of scares, including two lightning strikes and flooding, that served as “wake-up calls.” So Van Dale and his boss, Lloyd Dueck, set out to develop a disaster recovery plan.

They settled on XIOtech’s SAN products based on a recommendation. “We found the product lived up to expectations,” Van Dale said. “It was so easy to manage it was almost funny.”

But the connection to the Winnipeg office 40 miles away turned out to be much harder to manage. XIOtech recommended Nishan Systems and Proxim, and Steinbach soon set out to make IT history.

Van Dale said there were “a few hiccups along the way,” such as outages caused by interference from other wireless towers, but once the radios were tuned to avoid interference, the new system functioned smoothly. And the XIOtech SAN was intelligent enough to adjust for outages.

The system’s speed, with transfer rates of 7 megabytes per second, allows Steinbach to back up all 6 terabytes of its data, not just the critical stuff.

“We had a lot of concerns,” Van Dale said, such as security and the effect of weather on the system, “but they were able to answer all our questions.”

Wireless Ethernet Bridges and Radio Towers Connect Sites, Save Money

The credit union is using XIOtech’s Magnitude storage platforms and REDI SAN Links Replicator software to provide data replication, and Nishan IP storage switches to transport Fibre Channel-originated data over IP network services. Proxim wireless Ethernet bridges and radio transmission towers are used to connect the primary and secondary sites.

“Nishan’s ability to rate limit the DR traffic also lets us use the wireless link to provide host access from our Winnipeg site to our XIOtech Magnitude storage platforms in Steinbach,” Van Dale said. “This streamlines our server administration and further reduces our overall costs.”

For security, the Proxim wireless LAN boxes provide data encryption as an option, according to Nishan’s Clark. There are also a number of “bump in the wire” products available from vendors such as CipherOptics, NetScreen, SonicWall and others that provide 3-DES encryption for any IP traffic, he said. In the Steinbach example, those could be placed between the Nishan switches (which are converting Fibre Channel to iFCP) and the Gigabit Ethernet/Fast Ethernet switches, according to Clark.

“Security for any untrusted segment of an IP network is readily available today and essentially off-the-shelf,” Clark said. “We’ve tested with all the major security vendors, including NeoScale and Decru on the Fibre Channel side.”

Breakthrough Solution Reduces Barrier to Entry for Disaster Recovery

XIOtech said its Magnitude storage platform is bounded entirely by open-systems standards and incorporates all networked storage components into a centralized configuration. The company says the platform is “the only networked storage solution designed from the ground up to include a virtualized storage architecture. The result is an adaptive storage foundation that scales easily to accommodate growing business needs.”

Nishan IP Storage switches support Fibre Channel switching, Gigabit Ethernet switching, and wire-speed conversion between Fibre Channel and Gigabit Ethernet. Each interface can be configured to support iSCSI end systems, Fibre Channel end systems, or Fibre Channel SANs. The multi-protocol switches also support (via iSCSI or iFCP) remote storage links of any distance across high-speed IP networks, Nishan said. They can be used to connect existing Fibre Channel SANs through a standard E_Port interface or to build an IP SAN fabric that integrates Fibre Channel and iSCSI devices with data center, metro-area, or wide-area IP networks.

Nishan Systems, which bills itself “the world’s first supplier of native IP Storage solutions,” claims a number of industry firsts, including: the first wire-speed multi-protocol IP storage switch; the first multi-vendor transcontinental IP SAN (the Promontory Project); the first multi-gigabit transcontinental IP SAN (San Diego Supercomputer Center/GRID); the first secure IP SAN (in partnership with SonicWall, NetScreen and other security vendors); the first wire-speed iSCSI demonstration (with Alacritech and HDS); the first data center IP SAN (Carlson Companies); and the first SAN Internetworking installation (Microsoft).

“In all these instances, no one has challenged to say they had it first,” Clark said.

Back to Enterprise Storage Forum

Technology Briefing: Is Your Network Directory

Directory-enabled networking operates on a simple premise. Every network entity, including servers, routers, workstations, peripherals, applications, and users, carries a definition that tells the server what the device is or who the user is. In addition, the definition carries information about other the devices capabilities, security-access levels, and other information. The definitions are stored in a secure database and shared with other servers. In theory, a user logs onto a server, and the server configures services and devices appropriate to that user across domains.

Current implementations of directory-enabled network services favor the Common Interface Model (CIM), which is designed to allow a device to publish information about that device. Several vendors implement support for CIM through XML using Directory Services Markup Language (DSML). This language uses XML to query the name, address, and security level of each user and device. In addition, it allows the server to identify what services they require, the applications they need along with any other devices needed to execute those applications, and other pertinent information from the directory database.

Although the concept seems simple, implementing directory-enabled networking requires a new vision. Several vendors, led by Microsoft and Cisco, offer support for the concepts. However, as this technology emerges, changes will occur and standards will evolve. Companies that adopt directory-enabled networking need to invest time and money to make it run efficiently, but the concept is gaining popularity. Network and IT managers, in spite of the risks, will need to learn about directory-enabled networking to keep their infrastructures current and competitive.

Like any technology, directory-enabled networking comes with its own vocabulary. Some of the major concepts follow:

Directory Access Protocol (DAP)/Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP): These protocols control the way data is transmitted between the servers, users, and network devices. The protocol specification continues to grow to support cross-domain communications and enhanced information sharing with the CIM.

Management tools: Directory-enabled networking seeks to support all network management functions as though the network was a single system. Network managers will need a full array of tools to coordinate directory activities, generate reports, establish policies, and monitor performance. Vendors promise to provide a single user interface to facilitate these functions.

Global catalog: In Microsoft Windows 2000 networks, the global catalog consolidates directories from multiple domains. This allows users to query the directory and obtain information (to the level they are authorized) on the network devices, available applications, and other users and business functions.

Automated software delivery: Directory-enabled networks allow managers to automatically distribute applications to users when they attach to a server. The applications can be sent to a specific user or class of user. This helps managers maintain consistent application software versions across the enterprise, and it eliminates a time-consuming task.

Delegated/remote management: Network managers can expand the rights of specific users in an organization and grant those users the right to alter a set of resources and applications. This shifts some of the responsibility for maintaining each group’s configuration and provides flexibility for the users.

Replication: The directory must be synchronized across several servers and. in some cases, several domains. It is important, therefore, that the directory database have the capability to communicate with other servers and to duplicate information.

A directory-enabled network centers transactions on the directory. A corrupt directory can cause serious disruptions, so network managers must take steps to protect it. This requires full security. Microsoft’s definition of directory-enabled networking includes support for authentication schemes, including hardware authentication, smart card recognition, and public key infrastructures. Security should be a key concern for IT and network managers. The presence of the directory database on each server represents a potentially rich source of data for any unauthorized user. Therefore, the information must be preserved and protected.

Some companies must consider directory-enabled networking now. The demands of e-commerce and the integration of supplier and buyer networks require the new technology. Many companies, however, view directory-enable networking as a future issue.

If network managers want to investigate the technology, they need to determine the types of network operating systems and identify the capabilities of all devices on the network to determine if upgrades are needed. Managers also must ensure that all the platforms supported within the network support directory-enabled networking. Finally, the network manager must estimate the cost of adapting legacy systems and software to operate correctly in a directory-enabled environment.

Gerald Williams serves as director of quality assurance for Dolphin Inc., a software development company. Williams has extensive background in technology and testing, previously serving as Editorial Director with National Software Testing Labs (NSTL), Executive Editor with Datapro Research, and Managing Editor of Datapro’s PC Communications Reference Service.

What Is& What Is It Used For?

What is chúng tôi & What is it Used for? Check whether the file is legit and remove it if suspicious




Winexesvc.exe file connects Linux hosts to Windows ones, allowing the former to command the latter.

It carries great malicious potential and can be used by hackers to try to harm your system.

Verifying the file’s legitimacy and performing regular deep scans on your PC keep you safe.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

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readers this month.

Typically, Windows background processes and exe files don’t need your attention, though users occasionally report encountering unidentified ones, raising an alert for suspicious activity. So, how can you tell whether a file is safe, harmful, or just plain necessary? In this article, we’ll examine winexesvc.exe.

Keep reading to learn more about how it works and whether to keep or toss it.

What is winexesvc.exe?

As prompted by its extension, chúng tôi is an executable file. It’s part of the Windows Subsystem for Linux feature that enables the transmission of remote commands across a network.

If you have installed it and its running is crucial to daily operations, it’s probably safe to remain on your device. However, it can be harmful, especially if it uses too much CPU or GPU while running in the background.

You should know that .exe files might occasionally harm your system. Because of their immense malicious potential, malware can disguise itself as such a file.

Therefore, you should exercise caution when running unknown ones on your device. To be always on the safe side, you should always enable the best Windows 11 security settings.

What is chúng tôi used for?

To put it briefly, chúng tôi is used to receive files from a Linux server to a Windows one. In other words, chúng tôi is created by a winexe so that commands from a Linux host can be executed on a Windows one. Thus, it can be used by Linux-based apps to control a Windows system.

While it can be legit, as you now know, it can be targeted by hackers to cloak harmful code in the same filename. So, to be protected from malware, it’s crucial to ensure that the chúng tôi file on your computer has not been infected and is safe to stay.

Is chúng tôi safe? 1. Verify chúng tôi location

To determine whether it poses any danger to your device, consider its context. The first thing you can do is check its location. It’s normally located in: C:WindowsSystem32

If that’s the case, the risk is much lower. However, this doesn’t mean you’re completely safe because the file is in its standard location. And you will need to verify other aspects as well.

2. Check winexesvc.exe’s behavior

If its behavior is suspicious, such as slowing down your system, interfering with other processes, or taking up too much of your PC’s CPU, it might be a malicious file, and it’d be best to remove it from your device. Follow this guide for the best uninstaller software to ensure it’s completely gone from your system.

Note: Think about the file’s origins – if you, yourself, have downloaded it from a legitimate source, the risk is minimal. On the other hand, if you have no idea how it ended up on your device or if it comes from an unreliable source, it is much more dangerous.

3. Scan your PC for malware

⇒ Get ESET Internet Security

4. Check its digital signature

The legitimate file should have a legitimate company’s digital signature, while a malicious chúng tôi probably provided no data about it.

To prevent issues with chúng tôi is important to keep an organized workspace. This includes frequent deep scans, freeing up PC space, installing Windows updates, keeping your system and security software up-to-date, and regularly backing up your data.

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Crypto Trading Vs Crypto Network: What You Need To Know

Cryptocurrencies are digital assets which can be traded in a crypto market. This trade sometimes involves pairing two coins against each other. One can decide not to trade cryptocurrency and instead store digital coins as a store of value.

Crypto trading, however, is the act of predicting the price of cryptocurrency without necessarily taking ownership of the traded coin. This can be done by going ‘long’ (buy) if you feel the value of the coin will rise or going ‘short’ (sell) if you feel the value will fall. Many cryptocurrency trading platforms sometimes give out signals on how an asset might perform in the crypto market so as to enable the trader to make the right call.

This is also a leveraged product signifying that you must deposit a small amount known as a margin in order to be fully exposed to the market. Your profits or loss is calculated based on the leveraged margin used and so the profit or loss would be magnified.

How to Trade Cryptocurrency

For you to trade cryptocurrency, basic steps need to be followed. The steps include,

Sign Up for an Account: for you to trade cryptocurrency on cryptocurrency exchange platforms, you will need to have an exchange account. This account will help you store the full value of assets when bought, open a position in the crypto market and store crypto tokens in your wallet pending when you are fully ready to sell the asset. Also, opening an account will require you to provide some personal details that would identify you when next you log in. A KYC (Know Your Customer) document will be filled by you. This document helps the brokerage firm to know you better.

Fund Your Crypto Wallet: Funding your account will require you to connect your bank account to your wallet. Many cryptocurrency platforms accept deposits through wire transfers or debit cards.

Choose an Asset To Invest In: Choosing an asset to invest in or trade is very important to the growth of your portfolio. Many traders invest or trade altcoins although they can be very volatile. Your style of trading might determine the kind of assets you trade. Many day or swing traders prefer trading altcoins because of their high volatility.

Some traders have also tried out automatic trading using some software. These trading bots enforce a process that has already been designed to give you significant returns while trading.

The cryptocurrency market is characterized by buyers and sellers. There are two opposing sides to a trade. This means that there must be a winner and there must be a loser. This, therefore, requires the investor or trader to carry out research and have a detailed understanding of how the crypto market works. This will help him optimize his profits and minimize his losses.

How Cryptocurrency Market Works

The cryptocurrency market is a decentralized market. This means that there are no restrictions or control by the government or any authority. Digital assets are traded using a method known as over-the-counter. The crypto market is operated through networks or computers.

Unlike physical currencies, cryptocurrencies are digitally owned and can be stored on blockchain networks. When a transaction occurs between two users, it can only be completed once it has been verified and has been added to the blockchain network.

A blockchain is a system where transactions carried out in that particular system is recorded and maintained across several computer networks. This can also be seen as a transaction history that identifies ownership which might change over time.

What Are Crypto Networks?

Crypto networks are also digital assets. They make use of blockchain technology. This technology is a distributed ledger that links a decentralized network where users freely transact and develop applications without restrictions from an authority or government. The blockchain is an incorruptible database system that chronologically records and timestamps transactions carried out at a given time.

The blockchain supports the peer to peer transactions. This means that transactions can be carried out by different users without the interference of an intermediary and these transactions are carried out in a safe and secured condition. This is the reason why the blockchain system needs multiple participants so that it can singlehandedly verify the output algorithms produced in the ‘block’.

One of the best use of blockchain technology is to act as a support to cryptocurrency transactions. It is a database that facilitates swift, secured and unique transactions of crypto networks.

Bitcoin became the first cryptocurrency network to break out. Individual programmers under the supervision of Nakatomi Satoshi introduced the crypto network Bitcoin and it became very popular in 2009. Since then, Bitcoin has dominated the cryptocurrency market.

Apart from Bitcoin, there are several other crypto networks. Some of these networks are;

Ethereum: Ethereum is a decentralized network with a smart contract functionality. It became the second largest crypto network after Bitcoin. It was developed by programmer Vitalik Buterin in 2013 and has since evolved into Defi networks. The Defi applications also have provisions for financial transactions without the need for an intermediary.

Ethereum allows users to create their unique NFT and also exchange them in the network. These NFTs symbolize ownership of a particular asset which can be in form of an artwork or sound and is fully recognized and accepted by many institutions. On September 15, 2023, Ethereum evolved from a proof of work (PoF) mechanism to a Proof of Stake (PoS) mechanism.

Litecoin: Litecoin is also a decentralized peer-to-peer cryptocurrency network. It was one of the first altcoins that were started in October 2011. It has lower transaction fees and faster transaction verifications.

Ripple (XRP): Ripple was created in 2012 and is a remittance network created by Ripple Lab Inc. Ripple was built on a distributed open-source protocol that provides tokens that represent the fiat currencies or the cryptocurrency.

Some other Crypto networks include Cardano (ADA), Tether (USDT), Binance coin (BNB), Solana (SOL), Binance cash (BUSD) etc.

Dropbox Vs. Google Drive: Which Cloud Storage Is Right For You?

Unsurprisingly, Google Drive works best if you’re heavily invested in Google’s other systems: Android, Chrome OS, and the Google Workspace suite of web apps. It’s also a better value in general. Dropbox is a better choice if you’re more concerned with speed and performance, and are willing to pay for it. 

Note: You might also be interested in our comparison of Google Drive vs. Microsoft OneDrive.


At the consumer level, both companies offer at least one approximately comparable plan for cloud storage. Here’s a quick breakdown of the various plans and prices: 

Storage tierGoogle Drive/Google OneDropbox2GB–Free (bonuses available)15GBFree–100GB$2 a month–200GB$3 a month–2TB $10 a month$12 a month (one user only), $20 a month for 6 users3TB–$20 a month (one user only)5TB$25 a month$45 per month/3 user minimum, $15 for each extra user10TB$50 a month–20TB$100 a month–30TB$150 a month–Unlimited– $75 per month/3 user minimum, $25 for each extra user

As you can see, Google Drive (also known as Google One) offers both more initial, free storage, and more and cheaper options at different levels of storage. Dropbox users can boost their free storage by getting friends to sign up with referral codes, up to 16GB. But making users essentially do your marketing for you to get what’s free elsewhere isn’t a great value proposition. 

Both companies offer discounts for paying yearly instead of monthly. But in terms of bang for your buck, Dropbox really only makes sense for individual users who want up to two terabytes of storage, or for teams of users who need an absolutely huge amount: more than Google Drive’s maximum 30TB.

Also, while Google allows free users to access Drive from anywhere and on unlimited devices, Dropbox makes users pay for more than three devices to have easy access via dedicated apps. You can get around this limit by using the Dropbox browser tool, but it’s a pretty huge barrier for free users.



Dropbox is also available pretty much everywhere, but its integration is less seamless on mobile and Chrome OS. While it’s possible to upload and download to Dropbox on almost any platform (via the browser if not a dedicated app), it may take a few more steps. The three-device limit on a free Dropbox account is a big limiter here, too. 

Both Google Drive and Dropbox integrate with a variety of other often-used services, like Microsoft Office, Slack, Adobe Creative Cloud, Zoom, et cetera. Dropbox even lets you sign in with a Google or Apple account, if you like.


While Google is a clear winner on value, and they’ve made it easy to access your files on multiple platforms, Dropbox still has an edge on usability, in my opinion. Google Drive tends to treat its storage as one big pool of data, and while it has support for the basic directory system of folders most PC users are used to, the platform would prefer you to use its built-in search tools. 

Michael Crider/IDG

Dropbox, on the other hand, assumes that you generally know where you put your stuff, and makes it easy to navigate through folders and sub-folders either on an app or in a desktop directory. It’s not effortlessly intuitive, but it’s familiar to anyone who’s been using desktops and laptops for most of their adult lives. It’s a PC-first approach, rather than the (perhaps understandable) mobile-style interface of Drive. 


While Google Drive is by no means slow, Dropbox gets the edge in performance, too. When trying to upload massive amounts of both large and small data, Dropbox gave me consistently faster upload speeds. That’s a notable consideration if you plan on hitting your storage hard and frequently. 

Michael Crider/IDG

Dropbox also has a feature that makes it faster to send files around your local network: LAN sync. This tool allows files added to your Dropbox account to start copying over local Ethernet or Wi-Fi connections even before they’re fully uploaded to the cloud. In practical terms, this makes a file added on your phone (say, a new photo you took of your pet) appear almost instantaneously in the Dropbox folder on your Windows or MacOS computer, so long as both devices are connected to the local network. 

Sharing storage and PC backup 

As you might expect, Google comes out ahead in terms of sharing storage between family members. While Google One plans can be shared with up to five extra family members (for a total of six users) on the cheapest $2 a month tier, Dropbox only unlocks this option once you start paying $20 a month for 2TB of storage. 

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Individual files can be shared easily on both platforms, and there’s not much of a difference between Google Drive and Dropbox if you’re sharing accounts. But unless you need a truly massive amount of storage on Dropbox, Google Drive is better in terms of value if you want to share that storage between two or more users. 

Michael Crider/IDG

Both systems offer tools to back up your PC’s files to the cloud in a system-wide fashion… sort of. While it’s certainly possible to treat Google Drive or Dropbox as a cloud backup system, these platforms really aren’t designed for a regular emergency backup. Their slow upload speed and cumbersome backup tools put them well behind dedicated services like Carbonite or Backblaze. I wouldn’t give either one extra points of this feature. (For more on this topic, see our roundup of the best cloud backup services.)

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Shared space for Gmail messages/attachments and Google Photos 

Free access to the Google One VPN on Android 

Discounts on purchases in the Google Store 

Occasional deals on travel and other items 

How about Dropbox? Once again, Dropbox is more stingy with its tools, unlocking some of its more premium options under more expensive consumer or business accounts. Even the full text search, a fairly basic tool that you can perform yourself on local files in just about any OS, isn’t available at the free tier. Once again Dropbox’s more stingy nature is hurting it in this comparison. 

Google Drive is the clear winner 

While Dropbox has a superior interface and user experience (at least for people who prefer conventional PC-style file systems), and its performance and LAN sync tools can leave the competition in the dust, Google is offering a better product and a better value on almost all other points of comparison. 

From the price of premium storage, to integration with desktop and mobile operating systems, to less tangible bonuses as part of the Google One system, Drive is a clear winner. That’s doubly true if you’re looking to stick to free tools. 

Which isn’t to say that Dropbox is necessarily a bad choice. That extra performance and better interface might be worth it, especially for users who don’t necessarily need the massive amount of storage Google offers. Just be aware of the trade-off in value.

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